To examine the Cold War consensus, one must discuss the Cold War. The Cold war was the tension between the United States, standing for capitalism, and the USSR, standing for totalitarianism and socialism, following World War II. Although it was not a physical war between the two superpowers, many proxy wars had came out of it as way to spread or combat communism throughout the Free World. The Free World, as the U.S. came to define it, did not necessarily mean free as countries were being ruled by military regimes and dictatorships, but free from communism(70). During the Cold War, the spread of communism frighted the American People.
This paper will analyze the role that NATO played in ending the Cold War according to the different international relation perspectives and the effect that the Cold War had on the different theoretical perspectives. Realism, one of the oldest and most fundamental perspectives of international relations focuses on a states material power in regards to the rest of the international system. According to realists, one of the main ways that a state is able to retain and protect its material power is through balancing. Steven Walt, a realist scholar claims that the balance of threat insinuates that states form alliances in order to protect themselves from other states that not only have greater power but also have a higher level of perceived threat due to various factors (Walt, 1985). Realists view NATO as a military alliance that was established out of the need for the
The First reason was to boost the Soviet Union's power, threatening the U.S. with nuclear attack from the Caribbean and the second reason was to bolster the Soviet Union's Bargaining position in its attempts to force West Berlin to join East Germany. Russia was a communist country and had a goal to expand communism throughout central Europe, but the U.S was a democratic country and the goal of the U.S was to stop the spread of communism. So the USSR had to take action, after the fall of Fulgencio Batista and the rise of Fidel Castro’s campaign for Cuba to be a communist country, they became allies and with the help of Cuba, the USSR were able to transport Middle-ranged Ballistic Missiles for an all out attack on the US. But American actions perhaps suggested a way out for Khrushchev. In 1962 American Jupiter missiles were in Turkey, which were in range to attack soviet targets.
The revisionists kept insisting on blaming the American expansionism rather than the Soviet Union’s wish to spread communism into Eastern Europe. There are two levels to the revisionist school of opinion. Level one revisionist historians continue to stress the significance of the individuals concerned in the Cold War. “These argue that after FDR’s death in April 1945, policies towards the Soviet Union became a lot harsher once Truman took office.” (Nye 118). Level two revisionist historians such as William A. Williams, stress on the nature of American capitalism rather than individuals.
This investigation will answer the question to what extent did the Cold War influence pop culture during the 1950’s and 1960’s in the United States? This question is important because it’s based during the Cold War which was a time in history that was characterized by extreme hostilities between the U.S and USSR for over forty years. Amidst this time of superpowers vying for nuclear supremacy, pop culture was a major factor that emerged during this time that impacted both societies. Pop culture, particularly, American films, had an impact on Russian society. The scope of this investigation will focus only on U.S films shown in the Soviet Union.
1. During February 4-11, 1945, Big three, US, Britain, and USSR decided to meet at Yalta and discussing the future and post of the second world war. All three country were represented by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin This essay discussed Yalta and Potsdam main agendas. And then review iron cutter speech provided by sir Winston Churchill in Westminster college and reflecting its consequences post world war two. Regarding the Yalta conference,the first agenda was demanding Germany to surrender the war, because the victory of allied power was inevitable and the defeated of Germany was obviously seen.
It had already been determined to what to expect from USSR. Winston Churchill, who was the former Prime minister of the Great Britain, was trying to assure European nations in the unity. Throughout this period, USA and western European countries vividly saw the threat of communism from USSR. During the cold war era there have been many international and historical facts: it was the establishment of communist regime in the western countries (1945-1948), creation of German democratic republic and federal republic of Germany (1949), Korean war (1950-1953), Vietnam war (1965-1972). These confrontations have seen the world potential nuclear power threat.
The Soviet response to the Marshall Plan became known as the Zhdanov Doctrine. This doctrine supposed that American imperialists were trying to conquer the world and end the spread of democracy. It also claimed the Soviet Union’s goals were to eliminate imperialism and support democracy. It was no secret that the Soviet Union was, in fact, attempting to claim all of Europe for mother Russia. Thus sparked a Cold War that would last for decades.
Many subsequent authors have argued that as a result of the Cold War (the period of hostile relations between the US and the USSR in 1950-60-ies, which led to the arms build-up by both parties) reached a particular span the United States and the Soviet Union's military-industrial complex. How this view justified is? Unfortunately, the very idea of the military-industrial complex is often not clear enough, and when it is said about the extent of its influence on political decisions, it is limited to more hints than a full analysis. . However, for
Cold War Origin of Cold War The term cold war is used for that unprecedented state of tension that suddenly developed between the two former friends the USA and the USSR. By August 1945, with the surrender of Japan, the victory of the Allies had been ascertained but the tension lurking in their camps suddenly burst out. The German attack on the USSR and the Japanese bombardment of Pearl Harbour brought these two countries which subscribed to opposing ideologies together. But this friendship soon changed into a strange war called the Cold War. Meaning and Definition of Cold War The term cold war stands for hostile and tense international relations between the USA and the USSR and is an outcome of the post world war politics.