This was because they had quickly realized that the Soviets had separated themselves from them to spread communism. However, this all changed when both sides had to build a defense system around themselves by creating alliances. It was a way of proving that they were strong and if they were ever messed with they could easily destroy the other. On the United States side were Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, and the United Kingdom to form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also known as NATO. This treaty was created on April 4, 1949 and declared that if any of its members states were in danger, then all of the other member states must contribute to protecting that country.
While Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy all had the same same Cold War intention of ending communism, their ways of achieving their goal were different.The Cold War was an angry dispute between the United States and the Soviet Union about whether we should spread or contain communism (Ayres 817). According to Edward Ayres in American Anthem: Reconstruction to the Present all three Presidents used some form of Economic Aid, how we help other countries financially; Military Aid, how we help other countries’ militaries; and finally, Military Use, how we utilise our military (Ayres 817).
Despite his popularity in the US as “The Man Who Beat Communism”, Reagan’s presidency during the 1980s was only a sidekick to Gorbachev in the efforts to end the Cold War. Reagan’s actions against the USSR did not scare the nation into reforms, but Gorbachev’s impact in the Cold War, reforming the Soviet Union and oversight of communism’s peaceful transition into democracy during the late 80s overshadows Reagan’s seemingly token actions, portraying clearly that the only man which can hold the title of the “Man Who Ended the Cold War” with any credibility is Mikhail Gorbachev. The claim that Reagan’s increasing actions against communism and the USSR directly led to the appointment of reformist Mikhail Gorbachev to the post of General Secretary
While the United States proclaimed itself as a neutral country in the beginning of the devastating first World War, many disagree with the statement that America wanted to remain neutral for various reasons. World War I began with the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, then quickly escalated to division into two sides between European countries; including the Allied Powers, which consisted of Britain, France, Russia, Italy, and the Central Powers that included Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. Since the United States made it obvious they favored the Allied Powers before they entered World War I, the other countries against these nations took this friendliness between the countries and America as a threat and interference of war. This resulted in the Central Powers noticing an unfair disadvantage for themselves. If the U.S. was truly neutral, they would not have interfered in war with the accomodations relating to their connections with Britain.
However, once the geopolitical intentions of the US and China were made clear, the USSR turned towards pursuing their own Cold War interests. The Indo-Soviet Treaty of Peace, Friendship, and Cooperation signed in August 1971, aimed to counter the Chinese influence in the region whilst spreading Soviet ideologies. This signing was a strategic tactic for the Soviets to achieve their Cold War goals. This pro-India tilt represents the fact that the USSR faced the inevitable compliance to pursue Cold War interests, dismissing the responsibility to act on the international norm. It was inevitable as This is why the conflict can be seen as a proxy war.
Cominform was initially put into place in the October of 1947, and the intended purpose it held was to coordinate actions between Communist parties under Soviet direction, which meant Stalin’s direction. Cominform was a direct response to Truman’s Marshall Aid and Doctrine; an aid program set up to help the recovery of countries affected by the destruction of World War Two to whoever accepted it. Stalin wanted to ensure the already Communist countries who currently modelled his brand of communism were not tempted by the billions in aid that the US were offering. The undeniable unwillingness to accept aid from the previous wartime allies by Stalin, and his indisputable actions in order to prevent his now ‘Eastern Bloc’ from accepting any of said aid clearly highlights the newly formed division between East and West, hence a shift in the previously allied relationship between them, to one of disassociation and
Megan Dees 4/6/17 History Common Assignment When the war began to end, president Woodrow Wilson began to put his peace plan into full effect. The president believed that the cause of World War 1 was due to the fundamental flaws in the international relations of countries. His plan was known as the fourteen points, which showed his vision of what would make world peace. Wilson says that reductions to trade barriers, and fair adjustment of colonies would decrease sentiments that will lead to war. President Wilson proposed an international organization which compromised with all of the world’s nation’s representatives that would help cease any conflict from escalating.
The only way to change our country is by working with each other, not against each other. With some Americans refusing to stay open minded to the beliefs of the opposite political party, our country will get nowhere. As one of our country’s Founding Fathers, Washington would not approve of this, and demand the next president change this. If George Washington was still alive today, he would be able to give the next president advice to transform our country. Someone with the unbiased mindset toward the two main political parties would be a much needed perspective for the next president.
Ever since his unquestionable win in 1952’s election, President Dwight Eisenhower was pushed to the lead of the cold war. While an expansion of domestic and international fear of communism spread, Eisenhower had the success of bringing about a settlement that would end the Korean War. By many people, President Eisenhower has been thought to be taking an offhand attitude towards the Cold War. Nevertheless, Eisenhower was effectively enclosing communism and attempted to guard international freedom from any sort of communist sabotage. In his famous Doctrine, Eisenhower spoke about the inclining catastrophe of the Cold War in the 1950’s Dwight David Eisenhower was born in Denison, Texas on the 14th of October 1890.
Just as President Wilson wished to spread democracy far and wide, Stalin desired to spread communism far and wide. Almost immediately after the war, Stalin began to taunt the United States. His Red Army quickly moved in on Europe and many diplomats including Churchill feared that Stalin would attempt to take over the continent. The most notable incident of Stalin’s attempt at expansionism was after WWII when Stalin made territorial demands against Turkey and requested Soviet bases in the Turkish Straits. Stalin knew that Great Britain supported Greece and Turkey economically and militarily; yet, Stalin continued to intervene in Greece and