On October 4th, 1822 in Delaware, Ohio the nineteenth president of our United States of America was born. After winning one of the most controversial presidential elections in history, Rutherford B. Hayes was secretly sworn into office, becoming the first president to take his oath in the White House. While only serving only one term in office (1877-1881) Hayes made incredible strides in Civil-Rights laws, results of which wouldn’t be seen until the next presidency, also dealing with the time after the Civil War, otherwise known as the Reconstruction period, and rebuilding a new America. The fifth child in the marriage of Rutherford Hayes Jr., who ran a whisky distillery, and Sophia Birchard Hayes, his fathers namesake Rutherford
I would define it as each states elected representatives and senators will select the president and vice president of the United States (US) by casting their electoral vote. Every four years, the US will have a presidential election for the next person who will run the country. Our representatives and senators are elected by the people of their state and are supposed to represent the majority in the presidential election as set by the founding fathers. It was not an easy task for our founding father to create a document that would last a lifetime. With the Constitutional Convention of 1787, there was a great debate over whether the Articles of Confederation should be revised or abandon.
1. When the Constitution was drafted “Article II, Section 2, clause 2 grants the President the power to ‘appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the Supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States [except those whose positions are not otherwise already provided for in the Constitution. And] Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers…in the President alone” (Presidential Powers). However, the issue of removal powers of the president where not addressed within the Constitution, therefore this issue is one that has been debated. The issue with removal power is if the president is given too much power and many member of Congress opposed this power.
Our group’s job was to propose a 28th Amendment to the constitution by making changes to article I section 8 and article II section 2 of the constitution. Article I section 8 of the constitution states that the congress has the power to declare war and raise and support armies. Article II Section 2 states that the president shall be the commander in chief of the Army and Navy of the United States. We proposed that the Congress should have the option to elect a new commander in chief in case of an emergency or if the Congress feels that the president is not doing a decent job with the situation. We also proposed that the president should have the option to withdraw from the commander in chief position if there is an emergency in the country
Pinckney said, “How far do you intend to go in reducing the power of the states?” (Page 69). This shows that there was a balance that had to be found. Some of the topics they debated on where topics such as the president 's salary and how to prevent against sectional favoritism. The largest topic, however, was on how the president should be elected. One of the first struggles the men encountered was on who should elect the president.
My paper topic is about analyzing the leadership of President Ulysses S. Grant in the 1800s. First, I would focus on the background of President Ulysses S. Grant. Secondly, I would focus on his nomination for the presidency. Thirdly, I would focus on President Grant’s tenure such as relations with the public and media, leadership of Congress, and the management of the bureaucracy. Lastly, I would compare and contrast what several scholars had said about the nature of President Grant’s leadership.
The Federalist 10 was produced on November 22, 1787 and was written by James Madison. James Madison was the 4th President of The United States and is the author of the Federalist 10. Madison wrote the Federalist 10 to directly defend the ratification of the Constitution and in it he mainly focuses on factions and why we need them. Factions are groups of people with different opinions and even though they seem bad, Madison proved that we need them. In the Federalist 10 he states that there are two ways to remove faction one being we take away liberty or two becoming a communist society, and by doing that we would no longer be a democracy.
In the Rhetorical Presidency, Tulis argues the existence of two constitutional presidencies; an uppercase “Constitutional” presidency and a lowercase “constitutional” presidency. The “Constitutional” presidency refers to the presidency as created by the men who wrote the Constitution, in which the president draws his authority from the Constitution and does not lead public opinion. In contrast, the “constitutional” presidency refers to the president drawing his authority from the Constitution and his ability to lead public opinion. Thereby, the two constitutional presidencies ultimately conflict with each other. The presidency has drastically evolved over the decades to become the “constitutional” presidency, whereby an activist president
There are several important searches in the novel Consent to Kill, both figurative and literal. The three most important are: the president’s search for closure, Rapp’s search for the assassins, and lastly Rapp’s search for his own identity. The first important search in Consent to Kill is the president’s search for closure before leaving office. This is supported by the president stating: “I have a vice president who is in over his head, I have a deeply flawed attorney general, a secretary of state who is more concerned with appeasing foreign governments than protecting our own long-term national security, and I have a new director of national intelligence that will probably throw party when he learns that I have Parkinson’s. The point is Irene, that I don't plan on spending my last year in office refereeing battles between my cabinet members,” the president said
Judicial selection is an intriguing topic as there are multiple ways that judges take their seat on the bench. The United States Constitution spells out how federal judges are selected and leaves it up to the individual states to establish their means for selecting judges. In federal courts, judges are appointed and it varies between appointment and election for state courts. The purpose of this paper is to examine the differences between appointments and elections (as well as the multiple types of elections) and to give an opinion as to which is the better alternative. Federal judges are appointed by the President of the United States and are confirmed on the advice and consent of the United States Senate.
In this unit I learned about the procedures that follow the aftermath of an event in which the President is incapable to perform his or her responsibilities and duties as President of the United States of America. Before I started this portfolio I did not know the specific procedures that the President and Congress must follow when determining if the President can serve his country. I also learned who will fill in the spot of the successor if both the President and Vice President were unable to fulfill their duties. I now understand the purpose and procedures of the Presidential Succession Act and the 25th amendment. In order to understand the process that is undertaken when a president is incapable of fulfilling his duties and tasks of the office as described in the 25th amendment, I developed a scenario in which the President suffered a concussion.
The Electoral College is established in Article Two of the U.S. Constitution, it states that “Electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for two persons. The person having the highest number of votes shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole numbers of electors appointed”(Hardaway 79). The twelfth amendment modifies this procedure to require balloting for president and vice president be done separately. Although there were sixty-nine electors who participated in the first election, we now have a total of five hundred and thirty-eight. To win the presidency, a candidate must receive two hundred and seventy votes.
The Senate has the only power to confirm those of the President 's appointments that require consent, and to ratify treaties. There are, however, two exceptions to this rule, the House must approve appointments to the Vice Presidency and any treaty that involves foreign trade. The Senate also tries those that are decided to begin the impeachment process, cases for federal officials referred to it by the House. In order to pass legislation and send it to the President for his signature, both the House and the Senate must agree on the terms in the bill by majority vote. If the President vetoes a bill, they may override his veto by passing the bill again in each chamber with at least two-thirds of each body voting in favor.