As well he reflects the role of the imperialism of the colonials in the exploitation of Africans for their own interests rather than to enlighten the natives ' that they claimed for. It is worth noting to reveal the story of Heart of Darkness before proceeding to the responses of the critics of the novella. Heart of Darkness is a story of a white man travelled to Africa depth of Congo. He narrates what he has seen throughout his journey to the company station where Kurtz is working. Marlow accidently with the help of his aunt finds an opportunity to replace a captain killed as a result of fighting with the local tribes in Congo.
In Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad, the imperialism of Africa is described. Conrad tells the story of the cruel treatment of the natives and of the imperialism of the Congo region through the perspective through the main character, Marlow. Through the lens of New Criticism, it is evident that Conrad incorporates numerous literary devices in Heart of Darkness, including similes, imagery, personification, and antitheses to describe and exemplify the main idea of cruel imperialism in Africa discussed throughout the novella. Throughout Heart of Darkness, Kurtz and other men that are known as strong, greedy, European leaders of the movement to imperialize Africa, are mentioned multiple times. To describe these men, Conrad utilizes the literary
In Heart of Darkness, Joseph Conrad created the feeling of ‘other’ with the way the people Marlow encountered on the journey were described. Words are what leads a reader to form an opinion and Conrad leads his reader’s into believing the natives are wicked. In the novel, Joseph often times calls the African people savages or creatures, “...deathlike indifference of unhappy savages” (20) and “...one of these creatures rose to his hands and knees...” Savages and creatures give the connotation that they were evil and animalistic. His words impact on how we think of the African characters. In the description of the women with Mr. Kurtz, she was “savage and superb, Wild eyed and magnificent” (81).
The physical environment in Europe and the Congo The character Marlow describes how England was once “one of the dark places of the earth” (Conrad, 1899:5) he then imagines how the Romans came up the Thames and how these man “were men enough to face the darkness” (Conrad, 1899:6) Conrad creates a pathway for the reader to follow, from the beginning of civilization to the headwaters of humankind. The darkness of the physical environment can be said to be a combination of greed, climate and the demoralizing effect of the limited life that brought out the worst in people. According to Conrad the white people were taking something precious from the land, he further emphasizes that they were practically stealing the ivory from the natives, whom they were treating like slaves. The two rivers The Congo River is the largest river in the Western Central Africa. The Congo River forms in a country that was known as the Congo Free State now named the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), (Turcky, J.H.
Joseph Conrad 's Heart of Darkness is the story of Marlow whose job is to transport ivory down the Congo. Through his journey, Marlow develops an intense interest in investigating Kurtz, an ivory-procurement agent, and Marlow is shocked upon seeing what the European
Kurtz is choreographed by Conrad to be under the thrall of “The Company” which speaks through his deformed and lifeless body like a puppeteer. Perhaps simulated by the black strings woven by the women that Conrad intends to represent two out of three mythological ‘Fates’, immortally existing to guard the door of the underworld and orchestrate the entire operation of bringing light into the dark continent of Africa. The novel displays multi-dimensional and Caravaggio-esque dramatisim, an epistemological dependency on the experience of light as Marlow progresses towards the “heart of an impenetrable darkness”, which is in fact the backdrop behind the entire story that contrasts against the pale skin of the colonists which is modelled by the natural light of the barbaric African Helios, as evident in the authors intention. Unlike his depiction in the film version, Kurtz is outlined in a certain nature, contrastingly God-like and powerful yet increasingly weak. Conrad indicates through the description provided by Marlow as “short” and with “unsettling mannerisms”.
Kurtz was called back to his Inner Station by the “many powers of darkness [that] claimed him” which was not only his greed and thirst for power but also the darkness within humanity. Kurtz originally traveled to the Congo in hopes to enlighten and humanize the native African. However, once he was able to relish the power that belonged to him in the jungle, Kurtz could not resist the call of his own primitive greed. Within the jungles of the Congo, Kurtz experienced a power over the African men that he cannot receive in the civilized nature of Europe. The native offered “unspeakable rites” and sacrifices for Kurtz and worshipped him.
Joseph was a polish- England and he became famous because of the novel Heart of Darkness. The novel is about a voyage up the Congo River into the Congo Free State, in the heart of Africa. The narrator 's story Marlow who tells his story while he was in the boat and he faced the evil humans. 5- Nofal, Khalil Hassan. "Darkness in Conrad 's Heart of Darkness: a linguistic and stylistic analysis."
Heart of Darkness is a controversial texts which has many contradictory interpretations. It is an account of adventure of Marlow in the wild land of Africa where he discovers the laws of darkness and temptation of primitive instincts. Marlow’s journey into the dark realm of Congo should have a cathartic affect not just over his worldview but also his dealing with the harsh realities of colonial enterprises. However, the reading of the epilogue accentuates his inability to translate the two distinct worlds of Africa and Europe into one another since he feels compelled to maintain Intended’s perception of Kurtz and thus of the world. Many feminist critics believed that majority of the adventure stories in literary world are male oriented as if the danger of these voyages is the domain of men.
Edgar Allan Poe is an illustrious writer from the 19th century, notorious for his ominous, melancholic, and lugubrious writing style. The characters and situation in Poe’s story often depicted figures and events from his own life. In “The Pit and the Pendulum” the narrator has been captured by the Spanish Inquisition and sentenced to death. After numerous methods of torture and various obstacles, the narrator is rescued by General LaSalle of the French army. This reflects on the periods of depression Poe has gone through and how they have been alleviated by his romantic relationships.