" Internet Surveillance to Information Manipulation When people hear the words ‚Äúinternet surveillance,‚Äù most seem to assume the worst possible scenario. Visions from the dystopian novel 1984, where George Orwell creates an allegorical reflection of the totalitarianism in Stalinist Russia immediately come to mind. By comparing the novel to internet surveillance today, it becomes clear that the benefits that could come from governmental internet surveillance are outweighed by the potential dangers; however in a virtual world that holds the keys to the lives of millions across not only the United States, but the whole planet, the opportunity to use surveillance to prevent terrorism, crime, and even bullying seems too hard to pass up. In order
Introduction Surveillance is the monitoring of the behavior, activities, or other changing information, usually of people for the purpose of influencing, managing, directing, or protecting them . An automated surveillance system is a substitution for direct human observation. Artificial intelligence algorithms are commonly used to detect what is being observed. There are several aspects of surveillance, some of which include the following: i. Computer and Network surveillance: Monitoring of data stored on one’s computer, computer activity or data being transferred over networks such as the Internet.
According to Richards (2013), it is illegitimate and pernicious to establish an underground and comprehensive surveillance in the society. First, individual privacy, which should be granted and well protected by the law, is now violated. Under PRISM, personal details, including thoughts, movements, communication, transaction and health record, is being systemically and consistently collected without a permit from the owners. The right to hold these details is shifted from the individuals to the state. The state then can make use of the information for certain political purposes like filtering criminal/ terrorist-related suspects out of the government or even country.
Surveillance is the act of watching someone closely mainly to prevent crimes. While may be used to stop a terrorist attack beforehand, government surveillance has ethical issues as it is not always used in the right context. It is the antithesis of every nation’s constitution, which promotes freedom of privacy. Furthermore, it directly violates citizens’ rights and freedom of speech, and is used to retaliate against political enemies of the government using imprisonment or other sanctions. Government surveillance can have adverse effects on anyone’s life as it can be used to harm an individual’s reputation by exposing their personal information.
The Surveillance Society In the article, The Surveillance Society, by David Von Drehle, talks about the privacy of today’s society. It is said that “Privacy is mostly an illusion.”, because in our world today, there is hardly any privacy left at all. Today’s society is being watched everywhere they go and everything they do along the way. A surveillance society is a society where you are constantly being watched in every step that you do in life. Ranging from text messages to your credit card purchases.
Mass media is a combination of technological advances with the intended purpose of communicating to vast audiences. The influence of mass media is everywhere covering society’s everyday life. However one effect that can be attributed to media is how it affects our ways of perception and thinking (McLuhan, 1964; McQuail, 2010). George Gerbner (1976) states that modern mass media’s capability can form new ways to rapidly, constantly and pervasively unify thoughts and actions. Mediums of mass media covers a wide variety like newspapers, television, books, films, fashion trends even politics.
1.3. Mass media-who looks at whom? With the development of human society communication has evolved also. Distance communication became possible with the advent of the media. The first forms of these types of communication are letters and books.
The government seems to believe that spying on its citizen is an effective way to find criminals. However, the cause of this action outweighs the benefits because it is too risky and in some cases, can not be trusted. In the current status quo, organizations like the NSA and other intelligent agencies seem to be intercepting civilians private actions. Phone calls, E-mails, credit card information, and metro card can all be viewed by the government and used to investigate people's day to day action. By linking all these information together, the government can learn what an individual is doing, with who, where, and when.