This is known as the separation of powers. The central government was divided into the legislative, executive, and judicial branches. The legislative branch was responsible for making and passing laws. It was made up of two houses, the Senate and the House of Representatives. The legislative branch also approves treaties, declares war, grants money and confirms presidential appointments.
Federalism is a system that is created to divide the powers between the national and the state governments and separation of powers is a system of separating the powers between the 3 branches of the national government. The values of federalism are outlined in the constitution where it requires power sharing between the federal government and the state governments. According to the constitution, the states have control over police powers, (health & safety) but within the limits of the Supremacy Clause (Art. IV), & Art. I § 10, and the Bill of Rights empower the state governments.
Acts of parliament fall into two categories which may be conventionally termed constituent Acts and enabling Act, but some Acts deal with both constitution and power. In short, we can say statues are one of the important sources of Administrative law. 2. Constitution The constitution of India deals with formulation of the executive, the powers of the executive during peace and emergency times. Administrative law is concerned solely with the Administrative acts or either the administrator or of quasi judicial bodies.
For Jennings, “the Cabinet is the core of the constitutional system”. It is the Cabinet who decides the policies which are to be placed before the parliament for its approval. The Cabinet draws its powers from the constitution itself. 3.1 THE ROLE OF THE POLITICAL EXECUTIVE IN THE LOCAL SPHERE OF
Therefore, the separation of power was included to limit the powers of the government. • Checks and Balances: The Constitution provides for checks and balances among different branches of the government to ensure balance. The framers of the Constitution saw it fit to divide power within the federal government to avert concentration of power on one man or group. The Constitution thus gave each branch of the government power although with a number of constitutional restraints in which it can check the operations
4.1 FEDERALISM Federalism is from Latin Word, Foedus and it means agreement or convention. Meanwhile federalism is a system in which the power to govern is divided based on written constitution (Federal Constitution for Malaysia) and is shared between national and state government, Federation. Each of state and national government existing in its own right and authority. Administrative mechanism of federal level consist of Yang di-Pertuan Agong(YDPA), The Ruler Executive, The Cabinet, various form of Body, Commission and National Audit Department and others. 4.1.1 YANG DI-PERTUAN AGONG, THE CONFERENCE OF RULER, THE CABINET The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is the Head of State or Head of the Federation under Article 32 of Federal Constitution.
At another level, constitutions entails the basic operating procedures of the political communities, encompassing society’s “rules for making rules”. The constitution provides for the machinery ‘The Parliament’ which established for the proper functioning of the government and in the interest of the people of the country. Parliament is the legislative
This is a system in which representatives are directly elected by the citizens, and these representatives then make political decisions for the people, with the assumption that their decisions will reflect the general will of the republic. This can be compared to a direct democracy, in which the citizens directly vote on all issues of importance. In authoritarian and totalitarian political regimes, one person, entity, or party has complete control over the affairs of the state, without the input or consent of the population. In totalitarian regimes specifically, this leader attempts to control all aspects of a society, including things like the personal beliefs and morals of the population. These are sometimes accompanied by a cult of personality around the leader or leaders, as in the case of Adolf Hitler, the leader of Nazi Germany.
We have inherited many characters from that act. For instance we are still following the same type of parliamentary systems, the powers to various authorities, the cabinet ministry system headed by one single minister, the president being the executive head, the system of elections etc. So i think this act is fundamental for our governmental system and this is the act which gave responsible govt
Federalism Federalism is a system of government in which states or provinces share power with a national or federal government. Or federalism is a form of government in which power are divided between the central government for the whole country and government for parts of the country better known as federal unit or provinces (Jahnagir, 2010). Federalism can regulate the winner and the loser at different stages of government like the local government, the provincial government, or the national level. If we take an example of US federalism is the most important and innovative concept. Because the US government is totally based on federalism.