Furthermore, the leadership uses various dehumanizing methods to achieve complete subservience of women to men. Some of these methods include destroying identity through classification, objectification, and indoctrination. Most women of Gilead are sufficiently repressed that they seem to accept their assigned roles, at least outwardly resigned to their fate. Atwood uses gender roles in The Handmaid’s Tale to show the lengths to which misogynistic totalitarian governments will go, to protect their dictatorships. The Republic of Gilead is a hierarchical society which requires complete submission of women to men.
According to dictionary.com, satire refers to “the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues.” (Dictionary.com) During the enlightenment period when Voltaire wrote Candide, communicating one’s displeasure with social and political issues was not acceptable and those who did were often looked down upon. By using satire, Voltaire is able to exaggerate his feelings while at the same time mocking social norms and those in power. Voltaire uses satire in Candide to communicate his opinions on several topics, which include, suicide, religion, sex, and the philosophy of optimism to name a few. Voltaire’s Candide is a story of a young man’s adventure and how his experiences change his philosophy on life. Although Candide’s adventures begin with a rather positive confidence that he lives in “the best of all possible worlds” his attitude is quickly transformed when he realizes the world is in fact full of evil.
Gawain blames Lady Bertilak for deceiving him causing him to not adhere to the contract because “the wiles of a woman be wooed into sorrow, for so was Adam by one” (GGK line 2415-2416), implying that many great men in history have been deceived by women. This shows how
“The Devil and Tom Walker” written by Washington Irving, is a story that takes place in New England in the 1720’s. A major part of the story is satire as it is displayed all throughout the work. Satire is writing that ridicules or criticizes. Religion, marriage, and the white establishment are three different elements of society that are criticized throughout the story with satire. Religion and religious types are criticized through satire by Irving in the story.
Satire can be described as the literary art of diminishing or derogating a subject by making it ridiculous and evoking toward it attitudes of amusement, contempt, scorn, or indignation. Satire has been use ordinarily. It is a elegant way to criticize the dissatisfaction. Satire show anywhere, we can find them at book, movie, article even TV show. The Shawshank’s Redemption is a such satire movie.
If you go outside, you must be accompanied by a mahram, a male relative. If you are caught alone on the street, you will be beaten and sent home …”(p.297). The laws are made by the Talibans who are men that believe women have no place in the society and should only stay at home. Another evidence, according to Hosseini (2007), “ When they were caught and sent back, the mullah’s son was flogged before he repented and said that Naghma had seduced him with her feminine charms. She’d cast a spell on him, he said.
Fight Club Satire is the use of humor, irony, and/or exaggeration to expose and criticize people’s stupidity in the context of a play, novel, or film. It is used in many films to show foolishness. A writer in satire used fictional characters, which stand for people, to expose and condemn their corruption. Satire often aims to create political or social change. There are many techniques to do so.
The use of Satire to ridicule characters in David Ives “Sure Thing” Satire is used in literature to display humor or ridicule in a person’s vices or lack of knowledge (Merriam-Webster). It is sometimes used to make a mockery out of the story character(s). Most often you see satire used in today’s politics to bring down or discredit a candidate. Author David Ives, who is famous for comical plays and skits, used satire in most of his plays to emphasize the vices of its characters. One of Ives’ plays that is well known for using satire profusely is Sure Thing.
He was also recognized for “attacking the clergy, literary critics, philosophers, and people in power. He loved the individual but despised all nations, professions, and communities” (Gilbertson). Swift’s works also had accounts of attacks on religion, education, journalism, and politics, his writings were mostly described as satire and had several allegories (Pullen). Swift’s first political works were Discourse on the Contests and Rome (“Jonathan Swift” Biography). A Tale of a Tub was another of Swift’s early works, published in 1704, it was written while he was in England (Gilbertson).
Most works of literature contain writers ideas; often including their social criticism. One of the prominent forms used to bring reform or change in the society or individual is that of satire. Satire can be considered as an essential device to bring out the author’s thought. Jonathan swift produced such literature in which “every line and every detail is vivid by a humour which consists in presenting the most improbable extravagance with an imperturbable gravity and procures belief for them’. Through his magnum opus, the writer discloses the ridiculousness of the religious and political situations of eighteenth century of Europe, especially England.