Therefore, it is believed that only actions derived from duty have moral values, and those descended from inclination should not be considered worth morally in any case. This theory differs considerably from Aristotle’s beliefs in Nichomachean Ethics when he argues that taking the right action by inclination is a proof of a moral character. Moreover, duty is necessary to create universal rules. One of these rules states that we should act upon pure intentions because moral rules cannot be excused, hence lying is always wrong. Unfortunately, there is an issue with pure reasoning- every experience is different.
It was from a stern ideal because it betrays oneself from life. In his The Genealogy of Morality, he offers a new critique of moral values through an investigation of the origin. He states that moral values originated from the ‘pathos’ of ancient people which also gave rise to the concept of ‘bad’. The concept of altruism begins with the ‘slave revolt in morality’; wherein “ressentiment itself becomes creative and gives birth to values.” The considered bad are those who are powerless to express their feelings thereby
“ The natural cause of the human mind is certainly from credulity to skepticism,” said by Thomas Jefferson. Skepticism, which we call “The Regress Argument,” is pretty much a self - defeating argument, which is why René Descartes has an objection to it. Descartes objection include his view, Foundationalism. In this essay the establishment of skepticism, the regress argument in standard form, foundationalism and how it overcomes the regress argument will all be discussed. Skepticism is a philosophical view that states that no knowledge claim is fully justifiable so therefore knowledge is impossible.
He believes that morality of individuals not make something actually moral. He is with moral nihilism but against moral relativism. There is nothing in principle objectionable that morality is true. Humans make up their own moral facts and believe them whereas there is nothing morally correct.
KANT’S ETHICAL THEORY Introduction Immanuel Kant(1724-1804) was German philospher who was the opponent of utilitarianism and supported the Deontological Theory. Kant believed that certain types of actions were absolutely prohibited, even in cases where the action would bring about more happiness than the alternative. For Kantians, there are two questions that we must ask ourselves whenever we decide to act: (i) Can I rationally will that everyone act as I propose to act? If the answer is no, then we must not perform the action. (ii) (ii) Does my action respect the goals of human beings rather than merely using them for my own purposes?
1. Kant 's moral is excessively compelling seeing that it avoids feeling from ethical decision making and makes duty central. 2. Kant neglects to recognize with the exception of oneself from a principle and qualifying a rule on the basis of exemptions. 3.
“A moral system valid for all is basically immoral.” (Friedrich Nietzsche). As Friedrich Nietzsche claims, the morality does not have a definite boundary between moral and immoral. The morality, “the principles concerning the distinction between right and wrong” (Oxford Dictionaries), cannot be defined like two different sides of a coin, but like a sphere, it cannot be told apart. In The Stranger, the concept of morality was approached several times through various incidents, which Monsieur Meursault faces.