1393).” These are situations in which the officer needs to take a different choice in order to take over of the situation. In some cases, a mental ill person can be getting out of hand and might be putting himself, the officer and others in danger. When a police officer finds him or her in this situation it is sometimes difficult to make a calm decision, especially if the mental ill detainee is not cooperating. Discretion might be a second source for the officer because it can get out of control instantly. According to the article Police discretion and encounters with people experiencing mental illness it is stated that, “the
The three types of discrimination patterns which can be encountered by agencies include institutional, contextual, and individual types. These patterns are can occur because of prior practices, law changes or the individual situation. Ethnic groups pose problems for police department because of many reasons some of which are; language barriers, prior experiences with law enforcement, attitudes towards police, and culture. Language barriers and prior contacts are the two which have the biggest effect on encounters with ethnic groups. Gang involvement and where a person lives can also play a part in discrimination encountered by people.
Solving this problem is too easy. Policymakers and the public can aid in the endeavors by supporting the certification program and its initiatives and the legislation that facilitates the shift in law enforcement professionalism. This will mark another era in the criminal justice system with twenty-first century
Minorities in the community have been subjected to violence by law enforcement in the United States for some time. This violence is called police brutality and it is unacceptable. The job of a police officer is to maintain public order, prevent, and detect crime. They are a part of a dangerous and stressful career that can involve risky situations that must be controlled. Sometimes police are put in situations that excessive force is needed.
prosecution, which led them to believe that there were many issues within the system that led to the wrongful conviction that needed to be fixed so another minority was not charged with a murder that was not committed by them. The Inquiry found that the investigation was not done suitably for the standards that the police, and the Crown have. The case’s evidence was insufficient due to lack of investigation at the crime scene, of the witnesses, and of the charges pursued. There was also an insufficient amount of sensitivity of this case due to the fact that it was the prosecution of a visible minority and the lack of training done on the respect to sensitivity on visible minorities. As well as the absence of sufficient review led to the wrongful conviction because they didn’t review the first eyewitness reports and relied only on the second report, which were influenced by an incompetent and unprofessional
The literature that has been reviewed directly incorporates the principles set out in Goldson and Muncie “Youth Justice with Integrity”. The analysis of the current justice model attempts to maximize diversion by providing more offences available for extrajudicial measures and the use of measures for re-offenders. Additionally, it is argued that the de-politicization of the youth justice model will help the integrity by providing effective programs and services that will address the social needs of specific individuals within the available resources in the community. The programs and services that are being used are effective, but there are areas of improvement for greater prevention strategies which will hold a person more accountable for
Is hacking an ethical issue? When properly defined, hacking is an ethical activity. Understanding our rights and freedoms while preventing the bad and protecting the good in our societies is the best approach. Hackers have a lot to offer and hence, they ought to be given the power to enhance their creativity and technical skills. Hackers need to be protected and recognized.
Criminal statistics are lost when law enforcement agencies do not voluntarily participate. The organization of criminal law enforcement is one of the primary causes for the United States’ inability to develop satisfactory criminal statistics. The individual law enforcement agencies use different methods to gather data which may be inconsistent or even inaccurate. The greater the number of reporting agencies, the greater will be the variation in the interpretation, reliability, and consistency of reports submitted, and the greater will be the difficulty of supervising or editing these reports (Ronald H. Beattie,
Time and effort is now being put into psychology it is deemed as a valuable asset for law enforcement, which is why the relationship between psychology and law enforcement has taken a stronghold. Psychology has made a major impact in the way law enforcement apprehends and interrogates its criminals; this art of psychology has turned into a science. Statistics teamed with known psychological facts has changed criminal profiling making it reliably; different points of view have come together to create a unique mix of information. This information not only improves the process, but also changes it for the
Rational choice theory is the most useful for understanding white collar crime. These are crimes that often require specialized knowledge, or access. They are often committed by individuals with advanced educations. This theory is vital to contemporary political science in addition to other chastisements for instance sociology and philosophy. The core of the rational choice theory can often be challenged amongst several courses of encounters, people typically do according to what they consider to result in the best inclusive outcome.
The adversarial nature of the legal system can make people afraid of testifying. The dysfunctional attitudes about sex generally coupled with individualized rather than systematic response of the criminal justice system show us that the system is an inept tool to respond to a social
Is the US Police department creating an environment in where it is allowed to use police force wrongly? I would agree. In most cases along with many documentaries, alleged crimes like these are not always adequately addressed by the Justice Department, sometimes even being shrugged off by the system. In simpler words I feel as if this is almost unfair. For those who might not know what this familiar, yet almost unrecognizable crime among officers is simpler terms is when the authorities abuse of their power, causing grave problems throughout the different communities across the country to which must be Immediately addressed by the system.
Punishing individuals for wrongdoing is an ethical issue that is still current in modern day society. It can be argued that we need punishment for various different reasons. Without punishment, crimes would not be illegal and it would be hard to differ between what is right and what is morally wrong. Punishment highlights the need to focus on the consequences of our actions and show us what could happen if we go against the law. Punishment has the ability to make criminals better individuals through deterrence and rehabilitation.
The reliability of official statistics, especially through documents based on police data, can be hindered by a number of limitations. As police data is one of the main sources of data looked at when studying statistics, the limitations revolve around the reporting and recording of the crimes. There are instances in which the official crime statistics do not reflect the precise crime rates. (Ross, 1999) Misrepresentation can be caused by a number of different factors. For starters, the victim has to recognise and report the crime to to police, however, in some instances may not due to not realising they’ve witnessed a criminal act, their involvement or relationship to those involved, or their uncertainty that the situation will be resolved by the police.