When confronted with an ethical decision, why do humans continue to opt for the decision with negative consequences and moral failure? Humans are on a lifelong quest for true happiness, because the choices we make are usually far from the perfect, moral standard. American author John Steinbeck attempts to answer these questions and explain humanity’s struggle with choice in his novel East of Eden. East of Eden illustrates humanity’s struggle with good and evil throughout several complex characters and their interactions with each other. In the novel, Steinbeck seems to conclude that no one is simply blessed enough to inherit a solely good or solely evil life - that it is one’s own choice that defines oneself and allows for one to be established as either good or evil.
The society has chosen to sacrifice “high art” for stability instead of allowing true happiness (226). Lastly, Mond tells John that the journey to universal happiness “...[is] never grand,” and the y encountered many struggles along the way (227). He also states that their journey to freedom wasn’t nearly as triumphant as other communities. Today, humans are trained to be selfish in nature and tend to subconsciously be self oriented.
One of the many laws is that the citizens aren't allowed to give names, “for it is a sin to give men names which distinguish them from other men (41).” This is a perfect example to show that the laws are put in place to retain equality because without names to call people by everyone no one will stand out from the others. The unspeakable word ego, which encompasses the word I, is unspeakable because ego is “a person’s sense of self-importance” and all of the laws purpose is to prohibit the idea of self. No man or woman was meant to stand out more than any of his or her brothers and sisters. This was the intent of the original members of the people, but it actually hurt the inhabitants. They thought that by making everything equal, no one could be worse off than any other
Proponents of this theory do not rely on a set of moral principles to determine how they should think or act. They also argue that; subjective individuals do not have the right to criticize or object to their actions; however, some find it possible to disagree (“Morality and Moral Theories”). The second theory, Ethical Egoism states that “right and wrong is determined by what is in your self-interest; also, that it is immoral to act contrary to your own self-interest” (“Morality and Moral Theories”). Proponents of this theory supports actions that maximizes self-interest. They claim that everyone is selfish because of human nature, which is a week point for this theory; given that morality encourages people to consider the interest and wellbeing of others.
A creator stands alone way ahead of his time, against men; he who has never wanted to serve others whose only motive is his truth, his work done his way, his own achievement. Roark says the secret of their power was that it was self-sufficient, self-motivated, and self-generated. After all, how could he not praise selfishness if it’s the right principle to live by? And, how could he not denounce altruism if it’s a lie told to manipulate men in order to get power? “The egotist in the absolute sense is not the man who sacrifices others.
Another towards personal identity. Each step is an internal struggle, due to the communist machine’s brainwash and eloquent reprogram of Equality’s instinctive mind. But nature tells Equality that his DNA is nothing save himself. Nature tells Equality that individuality is man’s birthright. Man’s one true victory.
There is no room for revolt and the sovereign is absolute so that there are no fractures or splitting within the government or state. This is dangerous because if the government turns out to be or becomes corrupt, there is no way to fight this corruption. In the Leviathan, no matter the case people must submit to the State. If they do not abide, they risk harsh punishment. It is Hobbes’ belief that the State’s responsibility is to ensure peace and to protect its citizens and that it will follow through with that whether its power is attained through force, which he calls a “Common-wealth by Acquisition”, or by by agreement, which he calls a “Common-wealth by Institution”.
The Disparity Idiosyncratic happiness is eradicated and individualism has been eliminated. The society exhibited in Ayn Rand’s Anthem is of a dystopian essence, a domain where one must be interchangeable to his brothers. There is a substantial pressure on the locals in which they are expected to conform to the standards of that sector. The objective is complete egalitarianism, this is the “rightful” sense of morality. The protagonist of the novella, Equality 7-2521, is of this collective.
Being kind, loving and respectful to other is simply the right thing to do, regardless of your background. In addition moral relativism theory believes that “we have no one to answer to but ourselves”. This is a perfect example of how our generation feels. We believe that our actions do not have any consequences. People who believe in this theory do not have a relationship with God.
There's no government quality of life but life is also the most important thing around. He define the state of nature as a product of human nature where “Life is nasty, brutish, solitary and short the war of all against all”. The violation of peoples one right, which in this case is life. According to Hobbes, in order to protect their lives people appoint a sovereign. The sovereign keeps the people safe but, removes almost unlimited power in exchange.