Erikson claimed that Freuds’ theories are structural, fixed and every life event is linked to early childhood experiences. Erikson also criticizes the idea of normal and ill mind that Freud has. Unlike Freud, Erikson was interested in going forward, ego investments in adults, developmental direction and health. Freud believed that abnormality was the starting point to understand normality, Erikson believed the opposite. Also unlike Freud, Erikson thought that the history of psychology was focusing on fragmentation not human integration.
Mainly, though, it was focused on the individual. Freud’s On Dreams speaks on the topic of the individual and their dream’s meanings. He goes on throughout claiming that one’s dreams are “[disguised] wish fulfillments” and desires (Freud 150). This means that while the conscious of one’s self “represses” the subconscious (as he calls it), dreams allow the subconscious to shine through and express itself. Freud also challenges the Enlightenment ideal that people are good and rational; he claims that people are not good and rational—that they are irrational and impure.
Freud’s theory emphasizes dreams are associated with desires that are distasteful to the conscious mind; therefore, they can only exist in bewildering forms so that the content of the dream would not cause discomfort in people. The theory itself has a significant number of opponents. The opposition suggests dreams are produced by the brain in response to the sensory information the body receives during sleep, and they have no connection to the person’s thought and mind. Interestingly, the results of both Freud and Ferenczi’s dream analyses on their patients have helped substantiate dreams have more profound meaning. In fact, Freud discovered the significance of dreams by studying neurotic patients.
Sigmund Freud, thought to be the father of analysis, a strategy for treating mental illness furthermore a hypothesis which clarifies human conduct. As per him, dreams are the watchmen of our sleep. When we take off to bed for a night 's rest, we close out however much outside boosts as could reasonably be expected. Sigmund Freud investigated the human personality more completely than some other who got to be before him. Freud was a standout amongst the most powerful individuals of the twentieth century and his persevering legacy has impacted psychology, as well as craftsmanship, writing and even the way individuals raise their youngsters.
When Freud focused attention on the fact that there are complicated stages of growth and development from birth to adulthood, a revolution occurred in the way human life was viewed. So powerful was his impact in this area that today it is impossible to imagine children in any other way than through a developmental schema. One of Freud's major contributions to mental health was the discovery that patient improve when they talk to a therapist. He developed a particular technique for talking that was part of psychoanalysis named free association. Today, many people misunderstand free association to be an opportunity for the patient to aimlessly during a psychoanalytic session while the therapist sits back and relax.
Sigmund Freud was known as the father of modern psychology and the development of psychoanalysis. Freud develops a theory of the human mind and their behaviors. Sigmund Freud develops a psychodynamics theory, which consists of the personality and the Id, the ego, and the superego. Psychodynamics theory was a way of explaining how humans mind works and their desires. Also, the psychodynamic theories develop during childhood experience and shape personality.
He made his own self famous with his theories and hypothesis. Also he was the only one to have them. Freud also developed therapeutic techniques. The central role of these techniques was in the analytic process. Freud’s theories on ID, ego and superego and also the “libido” like the science calls it, have made a massive boom.
4). After writing the first essay about psychoanalysis, they published Studies on Hysteria in 1895. As a result of his dreams, Freud started to think unconscious mind which led Freud to write The Interpretation of Dreams in 1901 (Blundell, 2014). According to Freud, dreams are associated with the hidden feelings and earlier experiences (Mitchell et al., 1995). He also found free association technique and stopped to practice hypnosis (Blundell, 2014).
The reactions of Freud 's hypothesis can be gathered into three general classifications. To begin with, commentators fight that Freud 's hypothesis is deficient in exact proof and depends too intensely on restorative accomplishments, while others declare that even Freud 's clinical information are defective, incorrect, and specific, best case scenario. Second, the genuine strategy or methods included in analysis, for example, Freud 's thoughts on the elucidation of dreams and the part of free affiliation, have been condemned. At long last, a few faultfinders declare that therapy is basically not a science and a significant number of the standards whereupon it is based are
The basis of Identity: Nature or Nurture? Nature versus nurture is a controversial debate in many different educational fields when evaluating the behavior of human beings. When assessing the identity of an individual, some people believe the individual’s behavior is the outcome of their genetics (or nature), while others believe it is due to their environment (or nurture). In Pudd’nhead Wilson, Mark Twain constantly raises the idea of nature versus nurture, and leads the reader to question what determines an individual’s identity. Even though Twain does not clearly state his support for either side of the arguments, I believe his voice in the novel indirectly portrays his belief that nurture is the most important