Diversity/Culture – Beauty of the different people and worldviews we are surrounded with, which was created by God for His glory. 12. Determination – Pursuing your dreams, while using failures to strengthen yourself. IV. Core Values – The core values that shape your understanding of Christian character and guide your decisions.
A biblical worldview is the lens we use to trust the word of God and how we apply it to everyday life. Our worldview is something we deem true and valuable. Hence, by applying God 's all-knowing truth and wisdom, we allow it to be the groundwork of everything we think, say, and do. Biblical Worldview According to Graham, the Bible sets the tone for a Christian worldview and unseals the eyes of sinful people so
Hume is known for his dominant systems of philosophical empiricism, skepticism, and naturalism. David Hume considered his self to be a moralist. Moralist however, can be considered as a person that teaches or promotes morality (Britannica, 2017). David views on Altruism and Self-interest was that we as humans care about the welfare far of others than of our own. He also stated that we have social sentiments, which basically means a particular feeling that connects other people to care about others welfare.
Although ethics and morality are usually used interchangeably, they are dissimilar. Ethics are the right and wrong/ good and bad associated within a society, while morality is the right and wrong associated with personal beliefs. In other words, morality focuses on personal characters while ethics focuses on social system in which these morals are applied. Ethics is a branch of philosophy in which right and wrong is defined theoretically, logically and rationally while morals are subjective and personal (Mujtaba, 2005). The normative theories are the branch of philosophy that studies ethical behavior.
In Lesson two the author discusses ideas and theories of morality from a comprehensive perspective. This chapter addresses consequentialist, which is those who are concerned with consequences, and non-consequentialist which are those that have no regard to consequences which are major viewpoints when it comes to ethics. How a person views possible consequences helps them decide what actions to take. Keeping this in mind people regardless make moral decisions based off their own personal interests whether it be for benefit of oneself or benefit for all. The two ideas from this chapter that caught my interest are the relationship between Ethical egoism and utilitarianism.
The Book of Proverbs teaches on wisdom, tradition, and raises questions of values and moral behavior. As a Christian one must accept His instruction and apply it to their lives and then they will see the benefits of His instruction. In reading Proverbs 13, God says that one should take heed and follow the direction that is given. Believers should accept what is being told to them in a cheerful manner, to listen with intent and then to go forth with diligence. How they respond will determine the consequences and how it will affect the world in which they live.
The two moral reasonings are consequentialist and categorical. Consequentialist means the consequences that will result after whatever you do whether it is the right or wrong thing to do. Categorical means that both the action and consequence matter to you, so you think more about what you 'll do becuase you know what the consequence will be. ⦁ What is the “principle of utility” according to Mill? Explain what Mill means by “utilitarianism.” According to Sandel’s lecture, which type of moral reasoning, does Mill’s utilitarianism use?
a) How do the three theories (Virtue, Deontological, and Utilitarian) differ? First of all it should be mentioned, that Virtue, Deontological, and Utilitarian theories are the tools to justify people, groups or institutions’ behavior. What is wrong and what is right is identified regarding the personal point of view. Due to that, the same situation, action or result can be assessed, particularly based on the moral and ethical background. Each of the theories mentioned above have distinct advantages and disadvantages and lead to different results of human action.
These constraints offer absolutes for certain actions that are deemed to be never permissible regardless of circumstances. Options exist in Rossian ethics as there is no prima facie principle held in higher regard than any other. As one of the principles is self-improvement, Rossian ethics allow for seeking to benefit oneself before benefitting others. Deontology in general also does not require one to do the most good every single time. This allows for duties of special relationships to take precedence over the duties to do good as a whole.