The Virtue In The Iliad And The Bible

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Through “The Iliad”, Homer builds his ideal society as Arete, meaning excellence of all kind. He emphasizes that in order to have a good life, one needs to own as many virtues as one could and avoid all the vices. Shalom is the Biblical ideal society that simply means “what it is supposed to be”. According to the bible, it should be sinless and peaceful just like times before the Fall. In both texts, wise characters can be found. I argue that wisdom is described as a virtue in both “The Iliad” and Bible because characters who are acting wisely in “The Iliad” achieves Arete, and the ones in Bible achieves Shalom, and vice versa.

Moses, an important character in Bible, acts wisely in the book of Number. He doesn’t believe in God, so the entire
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