But, they will have another role as well. Once a year after the election the American public will be given an opportunity to vote on how the president is doing with a simple up or down vote. If less than 45% of America gives the president a thumbs up, they are bumped out of office (good-bye have a nice life) and the vice-president becomes president and the third most popular candidate becomes vice-president. And this happens every year, giving the president motivation to give it their all, for all six years if they want to keep their job.
The Electoral College is a system, not a spot. The building up fathers developed it. The inspiration driving the Electoral College is to be a tradeoff between choice of the president by the vote of Congress and the surely understood vote of the all inclusive community The Electoral College system contains the decision of the voters, the meeting of the voters where they vote for President and Vice President, and the numbering of the constituent votes by Congress (Jerry Fresia February 28, 2006). The Electoral College includes 538 voters.
Granted a candidate would almost never win all eleven states because the majority of these states tend to be predominantly democrat or republic, the fact that only eleven states alone can determine who 's the president puts to question the value of the remaining 39 states. Document B, explains the winner-take-all method and how unfair the method is to third party candidates. The chart shows how even though both third party candidates won about 7% and 19% of the popular vote but won 0% of the electoral vote. In Document E, Will states “the winner-take-all electoral vote allocation tends to produce a winning margin that looks like national decisiveness” There are over 300 million people in the United States, but just 538 people get to decide
The electoral college also know as the presidential electors are chosen to indirectly vote for the next U.S. presidents and vice presidents. The founding fathers had put this process in place in order to ensure the presidency was being elected by informed and educated people and not just by popular vote. The electoral college consists of 538 electors and in order to win the presidency, a majority of 270 electoral votes are required. Each state has a given specific amount of electors, which consists of one member from the House of Representatives and two from the House of Senates. For example, the state of California, on of the largest states holds 55 of the 270 electoral votes, while Vermont one of the smaller states, only holds 3 of the votes.
This amendment deals with the votes of the electoral college dealing with electing the vice president and president. This amendment gives a limit of time that the electoral college has to vote and procedures to follow if more time is used. The electoral college, according to the twelfth amendment, has to be specific with who they vote for president and who they vote for vice president. In the past, the reason the 12th amendment is a correction, the electoral college chose a vice president due to less votes than president votes. The thirteenth amendment is known as a civil war amendment.
“The Founding Fathers established The Electoral College as a compromise between election of the President by a vote in Congress and election of the President by a popular vote of qualified citizens.” according to archives.gov. The Electoral College was an option out of four ideas as stated in a peer-reviewed article by William C. Kimberling, a Deputy Director FEC Office of Election Administration. He stated that during this time, the colonies had a small population and people where very spread out, an idea of a patriarchal figure is very displeasing, those are a couple of problems the Convention had to go through... The Constitutional Convention had a couple of ideas like for example Congress choosing the president, state legislature chooses the president and the popular vote, but they ultimately chose the Electoral College.
Each elector must cast one vote for President and one vote for Vice President. In order to win the electoral college, and be nominated as President of the United States, the candidate must gain 270 of the 538 electoral votes. In an instance where no candidate receives the 270 votes needed, the House of Representatives
Jefferson won all of the state’s electors in 1804, but his successor, James Madison, lost three of these to Charles Pinckney in 1808. No Federalist presidential candidate won an electoral vote from North Carolina thereafter. Following the “Revolution of 1800” that brought Jefferson into the Executive Mansion, Federalists persisted and sent members of their party to Congress. Although they never achieved a majority in the North Carolina legislature, Federalist membership almost reached forty percent. Federalist Benjamin Williams won the governorship in 1800, 1801, and 1807.
This means that there has been five times where the electoral college has elected someone that the majority of people didn’t want, in some cases, they have won by staggering amounts, like the 1888 election where Harrison lost the popular vote by about 100 thousand votes but won the electoral college by 65. That shouldn’t happen if America is truly about democracy. Also, America has been around for about 240 years by now. Since there have been five times when the president lost the popular vote, that averages to one every 48 years. It isn’t actually that frequent, about once a modern lifetime, but seems to have gotten more frequent the closer we get to now.
Jackson was previously known as a national hero, someone who did what they could to ensure the security of the nation’s people. He was also an experienced politician especially in the West. By running for president in 1824 for the first time, the voting process changed as more and more people started to get involved. According to “Methods of Electing Presidential Electors: 1816 to 1836”, 4 years before Jackson’s first run for office Massachusetts, Illinois, and Maine were the only states that used the people to vote for the president. When Jackson entered campaigning, he relied on the opinion of the people which in turn people voted to make their voice known.
General election day is held on the second Tuesday of November. During the general election, voters across the world cast their vote for their choice of President. However, American’s vote, known as the “popular vote” does not determine the winner of the election. Instead, presidential elections use the Electoral College. To win the election, a candidate must receive a majority of electoral votes.
The president and the VP of the United States are not picked by an across the nation prevalent vote of the American individuals they are picked by 538 balloters this procedure is spelled out in the United States Constitution. The discretionary school is a gathering of individuals designated by every state who formally choose the president and VP of the United States. Implying that greater states would have more Electoral votes than little states since their populace is greater. The Electoral College is comprised of 538 voters who cast votes to choose the President and Vice-President of the United States. At the point when voters go to the surveys on Tuesday, they will pick which competitor gets their state 's balloters.
The Electoral College is established in Article Two of the U.S. Constitution, it states that “Electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for two persons. The person having the highest number of votes shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole numbers of electors appointed”(Hardaway 79). The twelfth amendment modifies this procedure to require balloting for president and vice president be done separately. Although there were sixty-nine electors who participated in the first election, we now have a total of five hundred and thirty-eight. To win the presidency, a candidate must receive two hundred and seventy votes.
Every four years, the US will have a presidential election for the next person who will run the country. Our representatives and senators are elected by the people of their state and are supposed to represent the majority in the presidential election as set by the founding fathers. It was not an easy task for our founding father to create a document that would last a lifetime. With the Constitutional Convention of 1787, there was a great debate over whether the Articles of Confederation should be revised or abandon.
When people go to the voting booth and fill out the ballot with their candidate of choice, many people think they are directly voting for that candidate. However, America uses electoral votes/electoral college that has 538 electors distributed throughout the states, who determine the winner of the presidency. So what are Americans voting for? Why is such a system in place when we have popular vote? In the past, the most efficient way to give citizens around the country an opportunity to vote was the electoral college, or so the founding fathers thought.