Gender pay gap The gender pay gap is the percentage difference between average hourly earnings for men and women in the workplace. The pay gap isn 't the same as equal pay. Equal pay means that men and women doing the same job should be paid the same. This has been a legal requirement which was established in The Equal Pay act of 1970. Across the UK, men earned 18.4% more than women, according to the Office for National Statistics (ONS).The gap between men and women 's earnings for both full and part-time work has fallen from 27.5% in 1997 to 18.4% in 2017.
So, you may have heard that women earn 79 cents for every dollar that a male makes. But, what exactly does that mean? Well, gender pay gap is defined as the variation in pay between men and women. Women usually are paid less to do the same work. Gender pay gap is a hardship that women of all ethnicities encounter in the workplace.
Women in poverty has a huge impact in our world. The direction our society and history goes, has led to the disparity of gender. The gap between women and men in poverty has increased exponentially in the past decade. There are several factors that have led to this issue. In poor countries men own 90 percent of the land, which is a far greater gender disparity in wealth than found in high-income nations.
Evidence from 2013 and 2014 minimum wage increase shows that an average minimum wage worker brings home more than a moiety of his or her family 's weekly earnings. In 2013 one million single mothers with children under 18 would have benefited from a minimum wage increase to $10.15. Single mothers are 10% of workers affected by an incrementation but they make up only 5.7 of the overall work force. More than two million espoused men and women with children under age 18 would additionally benefit from an
Elderly poverty rates fell from 75 to 15 percent between the years 1959 and 1974. In 2006, the rates reached 9.4 percent. It is estimated that if Social Security benefits did not exist, 44 percent of elderly would be poor today. Currently, though, 3.4 million elderly people 65 and older live in poverty. Poverty does not affect elderly men and women equally.
As time progressed, the population followed. Society has been facing a problem of inequality, specifically the difference of wage in the work force. Gender wage gap can be influenced by the educational status of one. In the readings written by (Langdon and Klomegah 2010), it was mentioned that “In 1963 women earned 59 cents for every dollar a man earned.” Fast forwarding a few generations later, “In 2009 they earned 80 cents for every dollar a man earned” (Hegewisch et al. 2010).
It is unfair that women can be seen as properties that belong to males in patriarchy society. Also, unequal treatment is happen all over the world. According to the research from Pew Research Center, in the United States, even though male and female do the same job in the same time, male will get higher wage than female. In 2015, women earned 83% what men earned. It means that women need to do extra 44 days of work to earn money if women want to earn as same wage as man.
Or is it because women are more likely than men to work part-time? The gender wage gap is the difference in pay for men and women to do the same job. In Iowa in 2013, women made 78 percent of what men made. In 1973 women made 57% of what men made and the number of that increased 21% by 2013 putting the comparison at 78%. Over the last sixty years, American women have made incredible progress in the labor market.
In the article The gender pay gap, woman still earn lot less than men, despite decades of equalpay law they say that in rich and middle-income countries, the median wage of a woman working full time is 85 % that of a man. The reason? There are the stereotypes which are the answear again . A woman should not be police officers , a woman should be nurse, which has both lower status and pay. Why?
Even in the contemporary society, women can not get the same paid as men do even though they do the same job. This year, in July, the famous British broadcasting corporation, BBC, also had this phenomenon. The average salary of women was 6500 pounds lower than the men’s one. In addition to this, a study which carried out by the Workplace Gender Equality Agency found a 266 dollar a week overall difference between what men and women in full-time work earn. Furthermore, this gap has been increasing and is larger than it was 20 years ago.
In today’s world, America has tried to compensate for past inequalities so that both genders can have equal opportunities in life. However, it is still not perfect. Meghan Casserly, a member of the Forbes Entrepreneurs team, analyzed the 2012 American Community Survey by the U.S. Census Bureau to discover that, “this year a total of 16 states boast women earning 80 cents or more to every male dollar, twice the count of 2010”. This shows how women are close to earning equivalent salaries to their male counterparts, but the gap is not quite closed yet. It is excellent that people are now paying attention to gender inequality and trying to do something about it.