And last, he states that there is a perseverance of saints, therefore all who are saved are saved for eternity. Calvin expressed these ideas in the Institutes of the Christian Religion. This work of his was received with both criticism and intrigue. Calvin’s ideas were very radical, but he sought to back each of them up with what he believed was the ultimate authority of the Scripture. Calvin combats the idea that the church gives Scripture its authority because he believes that the Bible offers “as clear evidence of its truth, as white and black things do of their color, or sweet and bitter things of their taste” (31).
This message of peace between opposing religions characterizes Whitman as a man who follows his own advice to not let religion cause conflict; although he may not agree with the teachings of religious officials, he still respects them and believes in some of the same ideals. Whitman goes on to directly address the common man, stating, “Be at peace bloody flukes of doubters and sullen mopers,/I take my place among you as much as among any;/The past is the push of you and me and all precisely the same,” (1268). The quote creates a correlation between the pasts of believers, and he connects himself to this identity. His suggestion that all spiritual people have similar reasons for finding God counters the desire to argue with conflicting religions. Section 43 establishes there is no reason to argue with members of other religions because there is so much common ground between all
Those who believe in the existence of God, would definitely accept that actions should be judged using the Ten Commandments. Most of the human rules are adopted using the Ten Commandments. It is essential that actions should be judged using such Moral Law. If we are the creature of God, he created us with feelings, emotions and the ability to reason and gave us the Ten Commandments to make ethical judgments. They work intimately as one and can’t work without each other.
While many would believe that just the act of committing evil makes one evil, I would disagree. The definition of evil is not just committing an act of evil, it is consciously choosing to commit evil acts repetitively. People call every person who killed someone else in the Holocaust that was on the German side, but that would be wrong to do, as there were people who did terrible things because it was all they knew how to do, and they were able to be taught better afterwards. Evil is the choice to consciously harm another individual for no other purpose than because you can. In war, taking another life because they will take yours is not evil, it is an unfortunate necessity to ensure your own survival.
And this is a fallen world, with evil, sin and an enemy who wants to rob, kill and destroy us. But I have the faith that God is in control, and because I trust him, he will always make everything work out for the best in the end. Sometimes, as Christians, we don't get all the blessings the Lord has in store for us, because we fail to ask him. God may be just waiting for us to ask him. For a good study on this subject read "The Prayer of Jabez" by Bruce Wilkinson.
In his work, Machiavelli asked the now famous question of "whether it be better to be loved than feared or feared than loved? It may be answered that one should wish to be both, but, because it is difficult to unite them in one person, it is much safer to be feared than loved, when, of the two, either must be dispensed with" (Machiavelli 409). He proposed in his writing that if all men were good, there would be no need for these tactics, but since this is not the case, violence and fear is a necessary evil. This comes back to the main synopsis of Machiavelli 's work that is the ends justify the means. A ruler may want to be favorable among his subjects and be considered a good ruler, but at maintaining power and peace in the kingdom is top priority.
At the same time, the behavior of a religious person cannot be defined only by the contents of his religion, otherwise every its follower would be the same (Norenzayan, 2013). This is why the scientific research of Christianity seems to us more efficient: its dogma is based on prosocial ideals, naturally accepted and encouraged by society (which possibly could emerge due to the appearance of Christianity in the first place, but that is a discussion for a philosophic study). Because of distinct prosocial nature of Christian beliefs, we can more clearly observe the factors that modify these beliefs, as they have a lesser range of interpretations. This range became narrower with the arrival of Reformation and overall improvement in public education, as the abuse of religious power and beliefs decreased (Cameron, 2012). Even without a well-defined moral ideals
Consequently, if I allow my spiritual nature to rule, my reaction will be differently. It is my belief, that is a mark of a committed Christian. Thus, meaning that I do not seek revenge for a wrong that was done to me. As a follower of Christ, I need to make certain that I behave graciously in defeat, and benevolently in the victory. By laughing and mocking my enemy in distress, I am putting God in a position of defending that person to whom I show contempt or even malice towards.
He believed that war was not only compatible with but was sometimes required by all three forms of law: natural law, nations (international law) and divine law. He said “where judicial settlement fails, war begins” (De Jure Belli ac Pacis. II.1.2.1) Grotius believed that war was less to do with divine law, and more to do with international law (civil law). As such, positivism should be considered in deciding the constituents of a just war. His philosophical underpinning was that divine law should be omitted from the jus ad bellum process.