The Alps and the seven hills allowed Romans to be well protected from threats and invasions. A specific example of Rome’s defense was the Capitoline Hill, the seat of Rome’s government and Rome’s largest fortress. The fortresses built on the hills provided excellent protection for all of Rome. The Tiber River provided military opportunities, and the Romans launched a navy making the army stronger and more adaptable to different environments. The mild weather and the Tiber River combined with rich volcanic soil gave the Romans a useful agricultural advantage.
During this time of the light age, Europe also developed a strong, organized government. According to Source B: Magna Carta in Sources: Government it states, "To all free men of our kingdom we have also granted, for us and to our heirs for ever, all the liberties written out below, to have and to keep for them and their heirs, of us and our heirs." This quote supports that Europe had an organized and strong government because it shows that the government would last a very long time and by showing that it gave rights to free men. All of these advancements and conquests such as Gothic Cathedrals, the crushing Crusades and the government of Europe all support that Europe was not in a dark age but a light age instead. These reasons why Europe was not in a dark age have impacted the world by leading to even more architectural advancements, improved versions of the items that Europe discovered while they were on the Crusades, and improved government that Europe used, that is still used
By the end of the twelfth century stone castles became more elaborate, not only by technical advances and the military needs as well as the obsession of certain nobles to build fortresses that reflect their dreams of power. The Edward I castles were built as advanced military machine, to ensure its hold on the conquered territory, and served to reinforce its rich and powerful sovereign status. All the kings of the Angevin dynasty, Henry II, Richard I, John and Henry III, spent thousands of pounds on their castles, chasing a reputation for unparalleled authority and prosperity men. It is still surprising that the Angevin dynasty has spent so fabulous sums in these constructions, as their financial resources were not known, the most extraordinary. In fact, their projects were undertaken only by its ability to convince his subjects to finance them, with promises of expanding territories and
King Louis XIV used the Baroque style to represent himself as an absolute monarch because the Baroque style makes it possible to portray oneself as mighty, glorious, and magnificent. The biggest way he used this style was in his estate, the palace at Versailles. The palace at Versailles was once a country estate, but over the course of many years, Louis transformed it into a magnificent palace, large enough to house all of the nobility as well as servants to attend to them. Not only was it a palace, but it also contained large forests and artificial lakes. The trees were rooted up and replanted in lines, and the gardens show a deliberate design as well.
Hammurabi’s code is a series of Babylonian law codes engraved on a large stone. They come from ancient Mesopotamia, and date back to around 1754 BC. Today this Code shows us how even back then people were influenced by a central government. These laws were written by King Hammurabi who ruled the Babylonian empire from 1792-50 BCE. His reason for writing these laws was because of how many cities he had conquered, and how much his empire was growing, he needed one universal set of laws to unify everyone in his empire.
This is seen in his buildings of canals, code of laws, food distribution, and building projects. He had also somehow unified the city-states of Mesopotamia into an empire, and then ruling over it, and established Babylon as one of the most renowned cities of the ancient world. The Stele of Hammurabi is one of the many great things that he had accomplished in his
All manors in Medieval Europe contained the same rooms and key elements. A new vassal got a fief that is either a large manor house or a small castle, depending on their wealth (Nardo 20). Castles were another form of manors and they were the grander of structures where high ranking nobles, kings, and queens lived (Frey 5). The Great Hall was the principal room and was known as, “the hall” and it was a large room with a high ceiling while it was the most important room because it was used as a place for social and formal gatherings. It was used as a lounging area where some of the lord’s family members ate, slept, and socialized, who also slept in different parts of the manor (Nardo 21).
The political system of England during the Middle Ages was well organized in structure, such as the feudal system, law and order, and the roles in each of the three courts. First, the government in England during the Middle Ages was generally based around the feudal system, which kept the country in secure and in order. It was the basis by which the upper class kept control over the lower class. The very top of the feudal system was the king who was the top leader in the land. The king could not control the entire land all alone, so he divided it up by granting lands or “fiefs” to his most important nobles: his barons, and his bishops.
Throughout history, many civilizations and cultures have constructed architectural marvels that many today consider the great wonders of the world. Each of these achievements of construction are revered for their attention to detail and the incredible amount of labor and resources required to construct them. One such wonder in recent history is the Panama Canal which was completed in 1914. This technological and architectural wonder allowed for the expansion of trade around the world and is still in use today. The construction of this canal, however, was plagued with challenges that halted construction and could have shut down the project due to the severity of each situation.
He always knew what he wanted and went for it. In only 13 short years, he made the biggest empire in the ancient world. Raised since young to follow in his father’s steps he grew up fast. He was a significant person known to history because he was a fantastic military leader. His act to history is substantial back then and even today in modern