Executive Order 8802 worked to eliminate racial bias in the workplace, however discrimination will always exist. However, with the help of Executive Order 8802, as a nation, the United States has accomplished many things in relation historically. Historical moments like The Civil Rights Movement in the 60’s forever changed the United States. African Americans had been free for almost a century, but did not have civil rights. Executive Order 8802 impacted The Civil Rights Movement as it gave African Americans a voice in the workforce and socially as well.
“It is time to wake up Washington as it has never been shocked before,” were the famous words spoken by black labor leader A. Philip Randolph. After WWII in the 1940’s African Americans wanted to see change following the war. African Americans became more assertive for equality and the rights they knew they should be given. During this time the NAACP worked to end the discrimination within the armed forces. There was an organization called CORE, congress of racial equality that wanted to protest without using violence, which lead to the sit ins in the south that challenged the Jim Crow laws.
African American Rights During Reconstruction By Dane Worthington Hour 7 Advanced Social Studies How many African Americans in the 1800s do you think thought that Reconstruction made them equal to White American citizens? Reconstruction was the process in which Southern states were reintegrated into the Union. During Reconstruction African Americans were given rights were supposed to have them protected by the United States military. The question that will be answered in this DBQ is “Did the laws made in Reconstruction protect the rights of African Americans?”. While the laws of Reconstruction were good in nature, they ultimately failed to protect the safety and voting rights of African Americans.
What she does provides a he impact on those who were willing to fight for their rights. Going through the diary of her life, she takes us through a journey of her life during Reconstruction. Throughout her early life, Ida was born during the civil war, which according to historian James West Davidson, "During a civil war which we have used to define one another, slave versus free, which is being eliminated from the United States"(12). The civil war also meant the Emancipation proclamation which meant a lot to the Wells family. The proclamation helped free slaves during Lincolns presidency.
I. Jim Crow laws from 1890s through 1960s - Civil Rights Movement of 1950s The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Her relationship with Martin Luther King and Malcolm X II. Maya was heavily involved in the African American Civil Rights Movement in New York. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 banned discrimination based on race, color, or religion, and her work with MLK resulted in the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Point #2 I. Angelou was born at a time when blacks did not have rights. Maya Angelou grew up and lived in America during the mid 20th century, where she experienced a lot of racism and discrimination.
After the Civil War, the federal government began a program known as reconstruction. Reconstruction refers to the period following the Civil War of rebuilding the United States. During and after this period, blacks made substantial gains in their political power and many were able to move from abject poverty to land ownership. Although African American were freed by the end of the Civil War, they were not directly given legal and political rights under President Andrew Johnson. Throughout the first years of reconstruction, blacks formed equal rights Leagues in the South to demand equality under the law, including the right to vote, and to fight oppressive black codes laws that restricted the lives of newly freed African Americans in numerous
For most of the United States’ history, civil rights for the black community was essentially nonexistent. Most African-Americans were forced into slavery and the law rarely sided with them on matters that involved the majority. However, as time progressed the black minority was given more and more liberties. For example, during Abraham Lincoln’s time as President of the United States, slavery was abolished; however, the black community still did not have the same rights as the majority. Nearly 100 years later, the Civil Rights Movement was able to successfully make the government pass legislation that would give African-Americans the same rights as that of the majority.
However, the 1960s was also characterised by a fundamental change in other aspects of American society, such as civil rights and women’s rights. ‘Americans protested to demand an end to the unfair treatment of black citizens… and to demand full equality for women,’ (9) shows that besides the peace and anti-war movements, lots of focus was given to bettering the lives of African Americans and women. African American citizens were actively protesting the “separate but equal” lives they lived in America. Their entire lives were separate from those of white Americans. They had segregated schooling, transport and toilets under the Jim Crow laws.
The Civil Rights Movement of the 1950’s and 1960’s was a struggle for African Americans to obtain equal rights and be free of racial discrimination. The use of Jim Crow Laws allowed people, particularly in the South, to continue oppressing African Americans after the Civil War. Confrontational tactics such as protests and sit-ins were important in the Civil Rights Movement, however non-confrontational tactics such as litigation, civil disobedience and economic boycotts were most important as they brought about significant change in opposing segregation. Confrontation is defined as a hostile or argumentative situation between opposing parties. The opposing parties in this movement consisted of African Americans in North and South American fighting
Although slavery ended, technically African Americans were still not free, and Thurgood Marshall, a prominent lawyer, played a key role in bringing back these rights to African Americans. Before Marshall took action, African Americans were undervalued, even though the Civil War was over, and President Lincoln had already established the Emancipation Proclamation. Though the U.S. acknowledged that all African Americans are free, not all white people were able to accept this fact and continued to commit racist actions. The prologue to Showdown by Wil Haygood and the Notes of a Native Son by James Baldwin both illustrate that the injustice and unfair treatment African Americans underwent was a result of their limited rights in society. The Notes
The purpose of the Underground Railroad was to free slaves from the ownership of slave owners, and did just that. Over 100,000 thousand slaves were freed from slave owners, and they managed to live their own lives. While slaves escaping did bring about anti-black sentiment from the Southern States most clearly seen in the Fugitive Slave Act, it brought support for abolition because white people could see that all the slaves were just as human as the rest of them. This may not have changed their beliefs of inferiority, but it did change their beliefs that African Americans deserved such cruel treatment. After the awareness of the slaves’ capabilities and the living in communities with slaves, white people in the North that still supported slavery changed their stance after seeing first hand that black people, not just the few free blacks, were similar to everyone else.
This is a key provision in getting this amendment accepted. People like Senator Charles Sumner and Representative Thaddeus Stevens demanded civil and political equality. They weren’t taking no for an answer. In March 1867, congress overturned Johnson’s state government and initiated military rule in the south. The military reconstruction act basically forced the southern states to begin to accept that black people had equal rights as they did.
Even though slavery was abolished after the civil war, many Southerners were still against the idea of equal rights for all black people, such as the Republicans. However, many northerners, like Abraham Lincoln, tried to look for ways to help increase the guarantees of equal rights of the African Americans, like passing down laws and acts that is beneficial to the African Americans. President Lincoln, who was
The end of slavery through the successful military tactics of the Union in the Civil War had the single most important impact as it pertains to education for the creation of educational opportunities for the newly freed African Americans. Prior to this, it was common knowledge that educating a slave was a criminal offense. The Morrill Act of 1862, named for Justin Smith Morrill, was designed to make education more accessible to more people of all socio-economic and social classes. Only, this Act did not take into consideration the education of black people. Due to systematic racism against this minority group, it was not until slavery was abolished that the second Morrill Act was implanted to focus on this long overlooked group.
Rare exceptions to this mentality included William Lloyd Garrison, who wrote the abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator, expressing views similar to the black abolitionists (Berlin 208). Black abolitionists pursued full equality and freedom. While most white abolitionists concentrated on abolishing slavery, black abolitionists combined antislavery demands with appeals for racial equality and justice (Web). Violence did erupt confirming the white abolitionists worst fears in rebellions such as Nat Turner’s, one of the most violent slave uprising in the south (Oates 192). As such, reforms sought by blacks came slowly and not without setbacks.