The Working Memory Model

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Working Memory Model The Working Memory Model is continued from the previous research of Atkinson’s and Shiffrin’s (1968) multi-store model that was tremendously successful in terms of the amount of research it produced. However, Allan Baddeley and Graham Hitch (1974) developed a substitute model of short-term memory which they called “working memory” because of it became obvious that there were a number of gaps with their ideas relating to the characteristics of short-term memory. They found that the overall idea provided by the Multi-Store Model about of short-term memory (STM) is too simple. Based to the Multi-Store Model, STM is a unitary system that holds partial quantity of information for short time with relatively little process and…show more content…
It consists of two components which are articulatory control system act as internal voice and the phonological store act as inner ear - (not the physical ear canals). The phonological store that linked to speech perception holds information in spoken communication-based course for example spoken words for 1-2 minutes. Spoken words enter the store directly. Written words must first be changed into an articulator (spoken) code before they can go into the phonological store. The second one is The articulatory control process (linked to speech production) works like an inner voice rehearsing information from the phonological store. It circulates information round and circle like a tape loop. This is how we remember a telephone number we have scarcely learned. As long as we continue repeating it, we can hold back the data in working memory. The articulatory control process also converts written material into an articulatory code and transfers it to the phonological…show more content…
The evaluation of the working memory model has replaced the idea of a unitary (single part) STM as suggested by the multistore model. The working memory model is more details compare to the multistore model. It makes sense, of a range of tasks for example, reading, verbal reasoning, problem solving, comprehension, visual and spatial processing. And the model is supported by considerable experimental evidence. The working memory also can be applied to real life tasks such as problem solving (central executive), reading (phonological loop),) and navigation (visual and spatial processing). Other than that Working memory is supported by dual task studies and the model does not over emphasize the importance of rehearsal for STM retention, in contrast to the multi-store

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