Tim Walz once said, “You must understand what caused genocide to happen. Or it will happen again.” One of the most famously proclaimed genocides in history is Hitler’s persecution of the Jewish people, but that is not where the killing stops. There have been hundreds of deliberate mass killings just like that throughout history. One of the most horrifying took place in the small country of Cambodia in the late 1900’s. This genocide was marked by its ruthless tyrant and it’s dehumanization factor.
In 1977, Pol Pot begins a second series of purges to eliminate all communist dissidents and moderates. This time around, the executions were more widespread and affect all of Cambodia’s population not just certain groups. In 1979, North Vietnam takes over Phnom Penh forcing Pol Pot and Khmer Rouge to flee to Thailand and the People’s Republic of Kampuchea is established. Hundreds of thousands educated middle class are tortured and executed in special centers; others were starved or died from disease or exhaustion. Total death over the four years were at least 1.7 million approximately 21% of the
Pol Pot was the leader of the communist Khmer Rouge in Cambodia that ruled from 1975 to 1979. Under the regime, approximately 2 million people died from execution or lack of food or illnesses. Many detention centers are also said to have conditions so harsh that only a handful of the thousands of people in them survived. This mass extinction was a result of aiming to create a classless peasant/farmer society. Believing this, Pot and the Khmer Rouge worked to rid the country of “intellectuals, city residents, ethnic Vietnamese, civil servants, and religious leaders” (History.com).
It depicted the truth of the state of the country and showed the cities in complete disaster. The country was almost completely destroyed with forests growing in cities where life once bustled and religious temples or hospitals in complete ruins. The film does an accurate job of going through the history of what happened from 1975 to 1979. The information given on the Khmer Rouge rein during this time matches with historical political conditions of Cambodia. For example, in 1979 the same year the film was released Vietnamese troops invaded Cambodia and aided to dispose of the Khmer Rouge government (Khmer Rouge, 2016).
Cambodians grew suspicion towards Lon Nol’s government politics and opposed such a force. By 1975, Pol Pot’s force had grown to over 700,000 men. During 1975, Lon Nol’s government was officially defeated by the Khmer Rouge, causing the death of 156,000 Cambodian citizens. The reign of a brutal and murderous society had begun. Under Pol Pot’s leadership, an extreme programme was imposed to revolutionise Cambodia into a communist country, where all citizens were expected to work as labourers, farmers and peasants in one huge federation of farms in accordance to the Chinese agricultural model.
In the novel, ‘Never Fall Down’ by Patricia McCormick, the story follows a young boy by the name of Arn who lives in Battambang Cambodia, April 1975. This is the year when the Khmer Rouge began their invasion of Cambodia under the reign Pol Pot. “In the History Place” article, we learn that Pol Pot was the leader of a Cambodian Communist group. After being forced to retreat into the jungle, he formed an armed group of rebels, called the Khmer Rouge. Pol Pot and his group then waged a war against the current leader’s movement.
A communist group called the Khmer Rouge believed that Cambodia was ruled by the educated like doctors, lawyers as well as muslims. They killed over 1.7 million people by intense work and no food. This can relate to the tactics that the Nazis used in the Holocaust to torture the Jews. Hard work with little or no food at all. Sadly, there is still a genocide happening right now in Sudan.
The world witnessed a catastrophic event between 1975 and 1979, which many would call the Cambodian Genocide. During the four years of the genocide, the Khmer Rouge regime will be responsible for an estimated two million deaths. Events such as the Vietnam War and authoritarian rule in Cambodia gave rise to Pol Pot. The main culprit, Pol Pot will be responsible for carrying out the Cambodian Genocide. While conducting the Cambodian Genocide, the Khmer Rouge, led by Pol Pot, violated many human rights in accordance with the International Bill of Human Rights.
La Guerra Sucia La Guerra Sucia is the worst war in Argentina’s history. The war started in 1974 and ended around 1983. During this period military and security forces known as the Argentine Anticommunist Alliance (Triple A) hunted down and killed left-wing guerrillas, political dissidents, and anyone believed to be associated with socialism. 30,000 plus people disappeared and taken to detention centers where they were tortured and eventually killed. A military coup overthrew Juan Peron and restored Argentine oligarchy in 1955.
(Polsby 21) This same technique can also be seen in Turkey. In Turkey many strict gun control laws were passed against most citizens of Turkey. The passed gun control laws allowed for the genocide of millions of Armenians once again unable to defend themselves. (Polsby 21) Gun control has led a terrible example across the world, and often results in the genocide of millions, as millions of citizens find themselves unable to defend against a tyrannical government. On the other hand, in countries that have refused to implement any gun control, have some of the lowest crime rates in the world.