Inferno Dante - Symbology Within The Poem Alison Wong Dante and Virgil are historical figures who have established themselves as poets, writers and philosophers through their achievement in ancient literature. Virgil is one of the greatest poets in the Augustan era , who passed away before Christ and the spread of Christianity. Virgil is seen in Inferno as a great poet whom Dante admires greatly. Within the poem, Dante receives much inspiration from Virgil and also constantly displays his respect and admiration for him throughout the whole of the text. This essay will reveal Virgil 's function in Inferno as a mentor and guide for Dante through hell, and also show Virgil 's influence in Dante 's literature.
Dante’s Inferno is an epic poem by Durante “Dante” degli Alighieri, written in the 1300s. He wrote a trilogy, known as the Divine Comedy, consisting of Inferno, Purgatory, and Paradise. Dante was inspired by many events and issues happening at that time, such as the war between Guelphs and Ghibellines, the Battle of Montaperti, and Christian religious beliefs. In this paper, I will explore the first book, Inferno, on the topic of Hell and how the sinners had a significant impact on Dante’s journey through Hell. In Circle 5: Styx, Canto VIII, Filippo Argenti, a sinner of Wrathful, helped Dante to symbolize to readers his anger towards Black Guelphs, political enemies of the White Guelphs.
In doing so, he presents a warning to the living against being greedy. As such, though Conrad and Dante approach the subject of greed in differing ways, they both highlight the need for mankind to curb their greedy impulses and preserve their
Dante the Poet is the harsh and moralistic imposer of punishment in Inferno. The sinners Dante, as the author, condemns are his commentary on the immorality of the people and politics of Florence. He places the Italian Ciacco in the ring for gluttons, where he must revel in the eternal disgust of his sin. Ciacco means hog, so Dante could be commenting on the gluttony of all the people in Florence by placing him in the third ring of hell. Ciacco also provides the prophecy of Florence’s political collapse.
The three animals represent the three main types of sin in Dante’s Hell. As Dante was loosing all hope and “rushing down to that low place the spirit of Virgil appears to give him hope and guide him. In his state of madness after being exiled, the soul of Virgil becomes his guide. Dante gives us a biography of Virgil. He refers to Virgil as “fount from which pours forth so rich a stream of words” and a “famous sage” According to Oxford Dictionary Fount means a source of desirable quality and sage means a profoundly wise man.
Dante’s Inferno is a work that shows a definitive interpretation of what sins are hell worthy while also laying out what is religiously considered a sin. By “hell worthy” I simply refer to the writer's ability to demonstrate his contempt of certain souls sins and even to an entire circle as we journey through hell alongside Dante. Some of what Dante sympathizes for is somewhat of a surprise especially as we approach sins Limbo, Lust, and Greed. We see all from sympathization, understanding, and mourning from Dante as we are guided through these sins. Although it might initially appear on the surface as though the souls sentenced to this eternal suffering are all deserving but we soon find that Dante doesn’t feel this way.
Tolkien and Dante both use descriptions of the dead to warn humanity against the consequences of war and sin. In conclusion, both authors’ descriptions help to add to the warning they each have to humankind. They warn, using specific examples, that if one takes part in either sin or war, they will end up suffering. Through their writing, Dante and Tolkien remind us all that every action we take comes with certain consequences that may or may not be what we
Introduction: Written during the 14th century, Inferno is the first part of Dante Alighieri 's Divine Comedy which questions the meaning of human freedom, responsibility, and identity. It tells the story of the journey of Dante through Hell, guided by the ancient Roman poet, Virgil. The poem depicts hell as nine concentric circles of torment. Dante, as a Florentine, a poet, a lover, and a religious believer, struggled with the question, “Who am I” in each facet of his life before coming to a moment of vision that wholly transformed him as a person. Dante 's poem, as beautiful as it is, is also terrifying.
Dante first places the blame of ‘la gente nuova’ (inf. 16.73) who were new money in the city who have happened to bring ‘orgoglio e dismisura’ (74) , excessive pride and extravagance. This must have come across as a threat to Dante and his position in society, indeed he was no aristocrat and his family was not tremendously wealthy, but the significance he held derived from his dignified ancestors. However, in theory this should not have been an issue for Dante, indeed in book four of the Convivio, through the canzone ‘Le dolci rime d’amor, ch’i’ solìa’ he states that ‘E’ gentilezza dovunqu’è vertute, ma non vertute ov’ella’ (101-102) Hence he implies that virtue is what makes a being noble, and not their lineage. Therefore one has to question why the idea of new money and the insurgence of mercantile families into the city of Florence troubled
With more than one mission in mind, Dante decided to use both epic and allegorical elements in his Divine Comedy as the best means of revealing his message and wisdom to his readers. Authors commonly use allegories to express two different meanings within one work. Dante, for instance, used his allegories to diversify the thought process of his readers. Within the first stanza of the Inferno, Dante uses the portrait of a dark and arduous wood to symbolize the darkness that clouds his own life. Dante brings this woody scene to life for his readers by claiming “I [Dante] went astray from the straight road and woke to find myself alone in a dark wood.” (Canto I lines 1-3) From that ominous wood, Dante is escorted through the steep and winding levels of hell.