The people in the assembly, filled with nationalism, believed that they should rule their nation. Thus, they drafted a new constitution for the French government, which called for liberty, equality, and fraternity. People were increasingly loyal and stressed the idea of solidarity towards France. Thus, nationalism blossomed during the French Revolution, and eventually the French achieved their goal to establish a republic constitution though the Revolution and other movements, and drafts such as the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen that declared people’s natural rights and individual liberties, and the equality of all
The melting of Vetheuil, 1881 (Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum) is a good example of Monet's work from this period. In the mid-1880s Monet, considered the leader of the impressionist school, had achieved significant recognition and a good economic position. Despite the boldness of his colorful and extreme simplicity of his compositions, he was praised as a master of meticulous observation, an artist who sacrificed neither the true complexities of nature and intensity of their feelings. In 1890 he had the opportunity to acquire a property in the village of Giverny, near Paris, where he began to build a new garden (now open to the public) -a lily pond crossed by a Japanese bridge pendant with willows and clumps of bamboo -. In 1906 begins to paint the lily pond series that are exposed in the Orangerie in Paris in the Art Institute of Chicago and the Museum of Modern Art.
Thus, Philosophes like Voltaire, Rousseau, John Locke and Montesquieu, created new ideas about the different types of possible governments and societies, such as human rights, citizenship, & democracy. Eventually, these ideas began spreading throughout France. Similarities between the French and Haitian Revolution: In France, the Enlightenment helped influence the French Revolution because the third estate, noticed that their basic right wasn’t being met. Specifically, the bourgeoisie, which was the growing merchant/professional class were well educated and familiar with the writings of philosophes like Locke, Montesquieu, and Rousseau. It was the bourgeoisie class that was educated, yet they didn’t have privileges like the First and Second Estate consequently, they began to question if there should be a social and political change in France.
The French Revolution was one of the most significant wars that changed France’s history. The Revolution started in 1789 and ended in 1799 and was mainly initiated by the conditions affecting the Third Estate. Louis XVI was predominately the king during this time period but little did he know that an uprising among the peasants was happening. The French Revolution was caused by the Enlightenment ideas because of the American Revolution, the knowledge of rights, and the questioning of France’s government. The American Revolution was basically the “fire” that ignited the change the Third Estate wanted to see in their country.
He believes that the French revolution is clear example of that pattern. Other historians on the French revolution have a different view on what may have caused the French revolution. George Lefebvre is one of those historians, he believes aristocracy revolting is what started the revolution. Looking more in depth at both of their arguments the reader will see how each writer argues their side based on what they feel is important.
To understand the course of the French Revolution, Tocqueville argues, the Old Regime that it overthrew must be examined; in the old monarchy, he believes, lies both “the secret of [the Revolution’s] earliest efforts” and the “promise of its ultimate results.” The French Revolution, according to Tocqueville, did not dispose of the Old Regime as much as it intended to, or as much as it is said to have. This thesis sets Tocqueville at odds with both defenders of the French Revolution, and with the Revolution itself, which sought to create a new society entirely divorced from the centuries of absolute monarchy that preceded it. It also places Tocqueville against common historical interpretation of the French Revolution, which upholds it as an explosive, unforeseen, and defining moment in the history of modern
The Perfectly Imperfect Society The 17th century was a time period when there was a growing gap between the aristocracy and the lower classes in France. France was established as the dominant European power during the reign of Louis XIV. Louis XIV, or the self-proclaimed Sun King, had a strong influence on the artistic culture of France. Namely, one of his main objectives was to build the culture of France in a way that would have a powerful effect on the rest of the world. Moliere and Jean de la Fontaine were two influential writers who were appointed to praise the Sun King and the French society during his reign.
This is a direct reflection of how our society has changed since the first Renaissance. Artists are less concerned with how accurate our paintings look and work to express their feelings through their canvases and other media. Another change in art is the rise of female painters. In the first Renaissance and the period after that, female artists were not accepted. Now, artists like Georgia O’Keeffe and Emily Carr’s work is admired around the world.
Henri Matisse was the most intelligent and artistic painter in this era in Paris. “Jean Cassou, director of the Museum of Modern Art in Paris, recalled that Matisse bedridden much of the time after his operation, continued to work from his room” .His career exceeded six decades. He was influenced by Georges Seurat and Paul Signac, “who painted in a “Pointillist” style with small dots of color rather than full brushstrokes”