Stanford Prison Experiment (1971, Zimbardo): Aim: To study the two following problems: “1. The development of norms which govern behavior in a novel situation. The creation of a psychological environment within the physical environment provided. 2. The differential perception of the same situation "the prison experience" from people who are initially comparable (from the same population) but arbitrarily assigned to play different roles.”
The Stanford Prison Experiment was conceived by Phillip Zimbardo with the aim of the Experiment being to observe and analyse the psychological effects of becoming a prisoner or a prison guard. The experiment was funded by the United States Office of Naval Research who wanted to study anti-social behaviour 24 individuals were chosen for the experiment, all of them college age males (The story: An overview of the experiment, 1999). The individuals were assigned the role of prisoner or guard at random. With the aid of a consultant, the basement of Stanford University was converted into a realistic prison environment, with multiple cells, a solitary confinement chamber and a two way intercom, allowing guards to listen in on what the prisoners were saying.
He started to behave in a way that was cruel and far harsher than the rest of the guards and at the end of the experiment claimed it was because he was conducting his own experiment to see how far they would let him go until they retaliated. The way he behaved portrayed that, even though he might not have come into the experiment with the intention to release that behavior from within, but his actions became a roll that he took too far. A sociocultural component shown in the film were the ways that the volunteer guards interpreted the stigmas around being a prison guard. That they should be cold, strict, and unnervingly verbally abusive. Time upon time in the film, the volunteer guards were verbally abusive of their power with the prisoners.
The guards were cruel and even made the prisoners do menial tasks. The prisoners also broke and could no longer control their emotions, some prisoners also went into depression. For example, one prisoner had to be released after 36 hours because of uncontrollable bursts of screaming, crying and anger. But, the experiment had long term effects that Zimbardo thought to be superior to the short-term effects, hence he decided to continue the experiment. Zimbardo chose to get the long-term effects instead of worrying about the short-term effects.
The guards took matters into their own hands and drove the prisoners out of their cells. The guards began to take on cruel and sadistic behaviors by humiliating the prisoners with menial tasks such as cleaning their latrines with their bare hands. After the sixth day the experiment was terminated because it was immoral to the prisoner group, of which lost three members due to mental breakdowns. It was concluded that many people tend to fit into social norms and don’t consider personal responsibility even for acts that are
The Stanford Prison Experiment was conducted in the year of 1871 by the psychologist and professor Philip Zimbardo. The aim of the experiment was to see if the roles as a prison guard or a prisoner would affect their behaviour towards their roles they were randomly given and their role in society. The Stanford Prison Experiment was a Social Experiment which refers to the participants of the experiment being randomly selected, as each of the 24 males who participated were either selected as a prisoner who sits in a cell and follow instructions that the prisoner guards give or being selected as a prison guard who is outside the cells giving the instructions and keeping the prisoners in line. This experiment also has many extraneous variables
In his experiment there were nine guards and nine prisoners, the guards have a dark shade glasses and uniforms to show their authority to the prisoners. The result, power can influence behavior to turn bad. Then he talks about Milgram’s study on obedience
Social construction is a form of social psychology and it is the study of how people 's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied the presence of others. According to sciencedaily.com, "social psychologist explains human behaviors as a result of the interaction of mental states and immediate, social situation. " This tells the reader that The Stanford Prison Experiments was not just a psychology experiment but a social psychology experiment because the purpose of the experiment was to observe the effects of roles given to the male college students and how they would react in a new environment that they have never
Feminization, Identity and Freedom in the Prison System The Stanford Prison Experiment was an experiment performed by a Stanford psychologist (Zimbardo) that set out to see how “normal “people adapted to life in prison. The experiment was set up with two groups of people, guards and prisoners and was supposed to last 14 days. The conductors of the experiment had two roles in the experiment, Zimbardo played the role of the warden. His portrayal of a prison warden set the precedent for how the guards acted and treated “prisoners” while the rest of the conductors sat on a parole board to determine who was worthy enough to enter back into society.
Milgram’s baseline experiment was to study whether people would comply with an authority figure during a brutal experiment or if they would utilize their own morals to make the experiment stop. This study was influenced by the Holocaust and Nazi war crimes. For his experiment he had taught an accomplice to pretend to receive electric shocks. The experimental subject/administrator was placed in front of some sort of dial and they were told would give them incrementing levels of shock to the actor. The administrator would then ask a series of questions and if he answered incorrectly the actor would then receive an electric shock.
Their power was unlimited; they had no boundaries. Because of this, they started doing small, evil acts, which quickly escalated to larger-scale acts of near malice. For the “prisoners”, the system was unsteadily and randomly created and reliant upon the “guards”, creating a very unhealthy system
The McCarthy hearings and the Salem witch trials relate because they both blacklisted citizens. During the McCarthy hearings, the HUAC committee believed that Communists were incorporating subversive messages into Hollywood films (Georgakas). Some of the people who were a part of these films were put on the Hollywood blacklist and most couldn’t continue their careers. Whoever hired them would be suspected of working with Communists, which made it extremely difficult for actors to land auditions. Not only were careers ruined, but some victims even spent a year in prison for their false crimes.
In 1971 Standford University held an experiment to see the psychological changes in people who are given higher authority and those who are not due to the way they act around one another. In this experiment a group of college students were split into two groups, one of which were to be prison guards and the others the prisoners. Throughout the course of the study psychologists were able to study the change in atmosphere and development of people from each group.
The reading “Facing the Demon Head On: Race and the Prison Industrial Complex” by Manning Marable is about race and the prison industrial complex in the U.S. Manning first talked about what he saw and experienced when he visit the prisons, and then he talked about the New York Theological seminary (NYTS) program in the prisons. He found out that there were number of people in the prisons who wanted to earn their bachelor’s degrees and learn more. Also, he discussed the racial discrimination in the U.S.
Controversial questions swirl around the correctional system 's management of sex offenders: How long should they be incarcerated for their crimes of forcing sex acts on adults or children? How should they be monitored following release? Does psychological treatment in prison actually affect the risk of committing further offenses? And how can courts balance offenders ' potential for rehabilitation with a community 's need to protect its citizens? Responses to these questions have varied over the years, and, accordingly, so has policy-making by the states and the federal government.