Theme Deception In Macbeth

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William Shakespeare conveys the theme, deception, throughout the play to give a moral lesson and to captivate the audiences. The main theme, deception, can be seen through the structure, dramatic techniques and the use of language. Deception is the act of causing someone to accept as true or valid what is false or invalid.

Firstly, Shakespeare uses the structure, for example enjambment, sentence length, caesura and prose, to create the main theme, deception, in the text. This can be seen in ‘When?’, ‘As I descended?’ and ‘Hark, who lies i’th’second chamber?’ The repeated use of punctuation ‘?’ makes the audiences to feel anxiety since it shows that Macbeth worries about his crime and perfection of his deceiving others. Also, we can say that
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Continuously, the caesura in ‘fie, my lord, fie, a soldier, and afeard?’ builds up an ominous and dramatic effect towards the audiences. So, the prose by Lady Macbeth conveys the theme as she deceives herself to see the ‘spot’ which signifies her guilty and fear. Coming back to the main, we can say that Shakespeare uses the structure to remind deception

Secondly, Shakespeare explores dramatic techniques including soliloquies, dramatic irony and the stage directions to convey deception to the audiences. This is evident in soliloquy of Macbeth, ‘My thought… hakes so my single state of man that function is smother’d in surmise…’ His ‘thought’, which is about good and bad of witches’ prophecies, makes him to deceive himself. Also, since it is soliloquy, no one can stop him to think excessively, so it makes him to lose his mind. As he starts to manipulate himself that the prophecies from witches ‘cannot be ill’, the dramatic irony makes the audiences feel anxiety because they know the deception leads him to destruct his life. Another great example of this is ‘a dagger of mind, a false creation…’ in soliloquy of Macbeth. The adjective ‘false’ obviously links the theme deception as

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