The morality and the gothic novel with specific reference to Frankenstein and Wuthering Heights will be assessed. The second aspect will be the social and cultural of the genre, the genre being the gothic novel. Thirdly, the monster as punishment and the punishment of the monster in both novels. The final aspect that will be analysed is the constructed nature of boundaries in both texts. The Novels Wuthering Heights This novel
In Mary Shelley’s iconic gothic novel, Frankenstein, Romantic themes are strongly represented in order to propagandize Romanticism over the elements of knowledge and the Enlightenment. In her novel, Shelley uses gothic nature settings to foreshadow dark events that are about to happen. She also uses nature to intensify the effect that is brought during significant scenes, a strong example being, when Victor Frankenstein’s monster approaches him after a long period of time. Nature and its use to influence mood is one of the most paramount themes of both Frankenstein and Romanticism. The first expression of nature and its effect on the mood of characters is portrayed with Robert Walton and the many letters that he sends to his sister.
The prevalent atmosphere is a doom and gloomy one, in order for incomprehensible situations to take place. Some of the most known Gothic novels are Frankenstein, Dracula, Wuthering Heights, stories written by Edgar Allen Poe. According to Crystal B. Lake, the Gothic literature expose and play with the unknown, hidden parts of society or of ourselves hence what makes it so terrifying is the fact that it brings into the light, it gives a voice to
Obsession and Self-Alienation in Wuthering Heights and Frankenstein One of the most prevalent themes in Emily Brontë’s Wuthering Heights and Mary Shelly’s Frankenstein is that of obsession. Obsession is the restless driving force by which the characters in Wuthering Heights and Frankenstein are taken down the path of self-alienation. In Wuthering Heights two, very closely related, obsessions are a driving force behind the events that take place throughout the novel. Firstly the obsessive love between Catherine and Heathcliff. Catherine claims that her love for Heathcliff “resembles the eternal rocks beneath –a source of little visible delight, but necessary” (73).
The writers explore the duality of human nature with these literary elements, exposing the audience to darkness and evil. In Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, Samuel Taylor Coleridge’s “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner”, and Robert Louis Stevenson’s The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, elements of isolation and
Keeping a secret is sometimes a good thing to do, but on some cases it is the complete opposite. Secrets eventually get discovered and consequences are the outcome of it. Both novels, Jane Eyre and Frankenstein, explore the idea of keeping secrets as a destructive concept. The character keeping secrets in the novel Jane Eyre was Rochester, boss and lover of Jane. On the other hand, the person keeping secrets in the novel Frankenstein was none other than the main character, Frankenstein.
They would Abrams explains about the general definition of tropes. Gothic fiction began, since it is widely considered, with the publication of Horace Walpole's The citadel in Otranto in 1764. The gothic trend led pre lit with the creation of protagonist of the tales like Frankenstein and Count up Dracula as by the figment of imagination happened in their dreams. Medieval tropes in Dracula that takes on the middle ages setting with lush unique scenery and the cut off dark castle instils a feeling of dread and uncanniness. The mysterious personality of the novel falls deep in the absolute depths of exploring darker edges of human feelings and does it well to bring about pity and terror among the visitors in the preeminent storytelling format.
What differentiates man from monster? The physical being or the heart and soul? In the case of the novel Frankenstein, the author Mary Shelley appears to be promoting that it is in fact the heart and soul that is distinguishable between the two. Shelly offers much insight on the reactions of society and tells the reader that judgement is not always the truth. The creature originally stands as a mental and physical being with feelings and good intentions whether for himself or for others.
The id which is the basic desire for what each person wants. The superego which is the opposite of id, it houses our sense of guilt. Lastly, there is the ego, the balance between the id and superego. The ego represents reality. Focusing on Victor Frankenstein and the monster he created, one can better understand their personalities by examining the three parts of their subconscious; and determining parallels between the two characters.
In Mary Shelley’s novel, Frankenstein(1818) are a lot of intertextual references that can help the reader understand the novel and not see it just like a story where a man is terrified by his creation. I shall explain what intertextuality means: “Intertextuality is the interrelationship between texts, especially works of literature; the way that similar or related texts influence, reflect, or differ from each other.” (http://www.dictionary.com/ ) I’m going to continue with the examples that I found in Mary Shelley’s novel and explain what they refer to. One example of intertextuality in this novel is Shelley’s use of William Wordsworth’s poem “Lines Composed a Few Miles above Tintern Abbey” written in 1798. Victor describes his dear friend,