Using her powers to her advantage, Athena continues to practice her favorite pastime and disguises Odysseus as an old beggar to “seem appalling to all those suitors” (Od. 13.459). She schemes for Odysseus to take back his house while cloaked as a bum. By using his disguise, he will be able to “tell the innocent from the guilty,” determining which servants are loyal and which are disloyal (Od. 17.398). Since he is her favorite mortal, she focuses solely on Odysseus and helps him with the overtaking of his wife’s suitors. The bright-eyed goddess develops this plan because she loves the game of lying, trickery, and illusion, and she desires to play it alongside the man who deceives as much as she.
Odysseus is tempted by the land of the Lotus-Eaters he desires all that he can benefit by raiding their home. Homer writes, “Then I sent out two picked men and a runner to learn what race of man that land sustained”(92-93). In line 94 Odysseus then learned that his decisions were made in vain, because Odysseus’ men “.. fell in soon enough, with the Lotus-Eaters,” Odysseus took his pride from defeating Troy and turned it into arrogance. This then created problem with Odysseus and his crew and their ability to get back home. One would think that Odysseus would not run into a conflict like he had already endured, but as stated in lines 458-459 Odysseus didn’t learn.
Pride is one of Odysseus' greatest weaknesses. It is what costs him so much loss of time on his way home. A good example of this is when he taunts the cyclops after blinding and outwitting him and is then cursed by Poseidon to keep the cyclops satisfied. His other big weakness is his curiosity. While we may not consider this a weakness, for Odysseus it is.
The decisions Odysseus made during the long trip to Ithaca made positive differences in the story’s result. Odysseus tricked the Cyclops by giving him false information about his identity which opened up the opportunity to escape. Another wise decision made by Odysseus was the fact that he took the path past Scylla recommended by Circe to get home which killed six of his men compared to them all. During the Siren’s song, Odysseus had the men plug their ears and tie him to a post so he would be able to hear the song but keep everyone safe. It may sound wrong for Odysseus not to inform the others of the dangers the crew would face, but if he did the crew would have messed up the plans to get home and chickened out during the
Throughout the infamous Greek tragedy, “Oedipus the King”, Oedipus’ characteristics of excessive arrogance and ignorance ultimately led to his demise. First off, Oedipus had developed a strong sense of pride, being the savior of the people of Thebes, and this stuck with him until the very end of the play. Arrogance itself kept a veil over the entire truth, in the way that Oedipus’ mind was filled with the lies of his own hubris. In addition, Oedipus’ strong trait of ignorance contributed to his fall. Readers get to watch as this character remains oblivious to his immoral actions, and faces the terrible consequences after the fact.
The ability of the heterosexual pillar of arthurian society to withstand the attack wrought upon it by homoeroticism by Le Fay’s plot can be seen by the different descriptions of Gawain’s kisses. When Lady Bertilak tries to kiss Gawain each day, she tries to get him to succumb to her seduction. So, while there are but a few lines to describe the kisses themselves, they are seen as having a somewhat sexual nature, driven by Lady Bertilak’s lust. However, when Gawain goes to fulfill his promise and return all that he has been given to Lord Bertilak in exchange for all that Lord Bertilak had hunted in any given day, the nature of his kisses is unimportant. Even when the kiss is stated as being “sauerly and sadly,” there is no sexual aspect to the kiss, but it rather exists as a part of the transaction between two males.
Sophocles’ magnum opus Oedipus Rex details the story of a gallant king who falls from grace because of fate. The King of Thebes’ curiosity leads him down a blurry path between madness and sanity. He was a prideful and a figuratively blind man, and his pride was his metaphorical limp. Oedipus’ life and inevitable downfall, causes intense pity from the audience. Oedipus is a tragic hero because how the audience perceives him.
So the boy’s father gets the teen a house to himself with a housemaid and a tutor. As time passes on the boy sees a girl that he recognizes but doesn't know, in trouble, and like any magical tale he saves her from the bad men and her poor father, and takes her to his home for safekeeping. After time passes and the seasons go they start to become very fond of each other and finally fall in love, which makes the teen go back to his beautiful
Telemachus gives a speech to the suitors scolding them for wrecking Odysseus’ wealth. This causes Telemachus to lose faith in his aptitude to accomplish Athena’s plan. “Look how my countrymen-the suitors most of all, pernicious bullies-foil each move I make…” (Fagles 102). Athena is able to persuade Telemachus through her encouraging and sympathetic words. “Telemachus, you’ll lack neither courage nor sense from this day on.”
For example, when odysseus left Penelope all alone, he went out and cheated on her with Calypso. Although many people believe that Homer presented woman positively, the characters the Sirens, Scylla and Calypso actually suggest the opposite. First of all ,Homer portrays the sirens as manipulative. When Odysseus returns to Aeaea, he stays with circe for the last time.
“There’s nothing remarkable in their making a man foolish, in women winning men To sin, for Adam our father was deceived just so, and Solomon, and also Samson, Delilah was his death and later David Endured misery for Batheba’s beauty. Women ruined them: how wonderful if men could love them well, but never believe them!” (130). Ever since Adam & Eve days, females have been seen as femme fatale. As “An alluring and seductive woman, especially one who leads men into compromising and dangerous situations.
Tea Cake steals some money from Janie and spends it on gambling. He then beats Janie to assert his dominance and then spends time with a girl named Nunkie. A woman named Mrs. Turner tests Janie’s marriage with the offer to marry her light-skinned brother. Janie does not fall for it, knowing her relationship with Tea Cake is special and based upon mutual respect. Despite the bad parts of their relationship, Janie and Tea Cake still have a lot of fun in the muck, inviting people to their house for many parties.
Throughout the story, Odysseus demonstrates his courage that ultimately allows him to survive. One of these moments was during his journey back to Ithaca, where he faces a race of man eating giants called the Cyclops. Odysseus originally stops his ship there to relish a feast while on his journey back to Ithaca, but while doing so, out of curiosity explores the island. Soon, he finds a deserted house and decides to wait of the owner. The owner was unknowingly one the Cyclops, named Polyphemus.
In Greek epics, tragedies, and mythology women are portrayed in various ways. Women are mainly considered to be weak and less important than men, but there are some women who are shown to be strong and heroic, despite the reputation that was placed onto them in Ancient Greek civilizations. There were two particular women that were strong and took the roles of their husbands while the men left to fight in the Trojan War. These two women were Penelope, wife of Odysseus, and Clytemnestra, wife of Agamemnon. These two women were different in how they chose to rule while their husbands were at war and how they acted once they got back.
It is hinted at many times before the unveiling of the Odysseus’s identity to all the Penelope had already realized that the beggar was Odysseus. There are many points in the book that can be used to show Penelope knew, but she begins to realize that the beggar is Odysseus in book 19 after the first interview of Odysseus where she says “You may have been pitied befor Stranger, But now you will be loved and honored Here in my halls.” Then, when the beggar tells her that Odysseus is still alive and is journeying home this solidified what she may have been wondering before. After meeting the beggar, Penelope decides the she wants the beggar to sit “side by side” with Telemachus.