Postcolonial theory is a literary theory or critical approach that deals with literature produced in countries that were once, or are now, colonies of other countries. It may also deals with literature written in or by citizens of colonizing countries that takes colonies or their peoples as its subject matter. The theory is based around concepts of otherness and resistance. It concentrates particularly on the way in which literature by the colonizing culture fabricate the experience and realities, and imprint the inferiority. As a matter of fact colonized people attempts to articulate their identity and reclaim their past in the face of that past's inevitable otherness.
The limits of Macondo trace a social allegory, showing that the energies, which are frustrated in the reality of Latin America, can be released in fiction and that fiction can stave off the inhibitions on which society is founded. The story is not only told but chronicled, and the chronicler stands between the stage of oral transmission and authorship. Melquíades lives apart but shares the life of the family. He acts as their memory, but the moment when his chronicle can be read and deciphered by a reader is also the moment when a
The way of Colonialism Worked in An Outpost of Progress and After the Race An Outpost of Progress was written by Joseph Conrad, and After the Race is one short story of James Joyce's Dubliners. Although these two short stories are about Colonialism in different vision that means different setting, the writers all choose representative characters to become a small point in the colony to reflect the way that Colonialism worked under the whole age background. At the same time, through plot unfolds, which can let people have a further understand about the way that colonialism worked. Setting is the context in which the story takes place, which includes the time, the place, and the social environment (Abrams 363). Characters can be defined as
Another key contributor is Frantz Fanon. He is one of the earliest writers linked to post-colonialism. Fanon examined the nature of colonialism and those dominated by it in his book “The Wretched of the Earth”. He emphasised that colonialism is the source of violence and his interpretation of the systematic relationship between colonialism and its efforts to refute "all attributes of humanity" to the colonies, formed the foundation for related critiques of colonial and postcolonial systems. 2.0 Viewpoint of the
Post colonialism gets it main ideas from the concepts that developed during the anti-colonial struggles in the affected colonies. The theorist Edward Said writings including Orientalism (1978) started the general concepts in Post colonialism that we refer to today. The political and cultural changes that were proposed by anti-colonial movements that started in countries in the west formed the foundation of
Achebe has given an authentic portrait of the pre-colonial culture of the Ibo life. He shows us many aspects of the pre-colonial cultures and their social organization, economic system, and religious beliefs. The process of colonization involved not only physical occupation of the land and imposition of government, on the colonized place, but also mental colonization. ‘In the colonial context’, Fanon writes; “The settler only ends his work of breaking in the native when the latter admits loudly and intelligibly the supremacy of the white man’s value” (The Wretched of the Earth, 43). In a similar manner we can examine more closely Achebe’s novel, Things Fall Apart, which shows the colonial encounter in Nigeria from the inside.
The Analysis of “Bumi Manusia (This Earth of Mankind)” by Pramoedya Ananta Toer The writer will analyse the novel of “Bumi Manusia (This Earth of Mankind)” by using three appropriate approaches which are Structuralism, Postcolonialism, and Psychoanalysis. Firstly, the writer will analyse the novel with Structuralism theory by Saussure. The writer analyses the structural elements of the novel. The major theme of the novel is about colonialism era. It tells about how the native Indonesian people was oppressed and underestimate by the Dutch colony.
Colonization Colonization is “processes involving the establishment, often by force, of communities of English speakers in territories around the world.” (Leith, Seargeant 102) To illustrate this, It is when English speaking nations occupy, suppress or invade another nations or territories by force to spread its power and position around the world while maintaining economic and culture links with England. The main motives of colonization when English started to emerge are political, religious, economical and social. Colonization is the fundamental reason for English being a global language. It began first within the British isles then beyond it to Americas, Africa and Australia. According to Kashru’s model of three circles, the usage of English language in the inner and outer circles countries was mostly because of their relationship with the colonization.
The landscape of English literature developed in divergent dimensions during the later half of the twentieth century. Nations of Asia and Africa, freed from colonial rule, tried to build their own literary composition on the lines of their national culture. Commonwealth nations, with their mastery over English language, tried to project their national ethos to the international audience. Post-colonial literature not only fractured the hegemony of the west, but also infused ‘newness’ into English literature, thereby making it a configuration of diverse cultures. Twentieth century Africa has witnessed changes of far reaching consequences in all stages of life.
colonial writings. They state that literature make by the fact that the writers of post- colonialism “emerged in their present form act of the experience of colonization and asserted themselves by foregrounding the tension with the imperial power, and by emphasizing their difference from the assumptions of the imperial centre”. Post- colonial texts present syncretism, disruption and poly-glossy within the colonial itself. The post- colonial writers declare, “South African writing clearly demonstrates that political impetus of the post- colonial begins well before the moment of independence”. The writers of The Empire Writes Back propose the theory of post-colonial literature but frequently their propose reject at most level.