Many authors have applied lampooning in their work to bring to light certain issues by criticizing different ideas in society such as politics, class division, wealth, and marriage by adding irony, sarcasm, and ridicule to emphasize the ludicrousy of the issue the author evaluated. One author that incorporated lampooning in his plays was Oscar Wilde. For example, in The Importance of Being Earnest, Wilde publicly criticized the Victorian society so that audience was conscious of the foolishness that occurred in their society. In The Importance of Being Earnest, Wilde used irony and satire to ridicule the views of the upper class, such as their obsession with wealth, their shallow, and materialistic personality.
Through the use of the characters Algernon and Lady Bracknell, Wilde effectively tackles multiple Victorian ideals. Algernon serves as an attack on marriage, shown by his conversations with Lane and Jack, where he claims it is "demoralizing" and destroys true romance. Algernon also created an invalid character named Bunbury who allowed him to leave the city to care for him, which actually resulted in Algernon going to party without being bound by Victorian society. Lady Bracknell stands as a symbol of the strong sense of Victorian ideals present in the upper class of society. She proved to be a major obstruction to Gwendolen and Jack 's marriage due to her disapproval of Jack 's birth despite his love for Gwendolen and commitment to being married.
In the play “The Importance Being Earnest” Oscar Wilde wants to show that the caricature on high society. The play was in the 1800’s. A caricature is a charter or a physical fentress that exaggerates by making it bigger or smaller to make a person notice and laugh to show their weakness. Oscar Wilde makes us think if it’s really important to be earnest ? The story is about two boys that want to be named Earnest, so because of that they have a double life and they will need to handle the problems.
The purpose of The Importance of Being Earnest was to satirise the Victorian traditions, false courtesy, and the superficiality of status and the quest for love and marriage. These manifests itself in Jack through his superiority toward his foil, Algy, who doesn't adhere to social protocol, and his deluded hope for a life with Gwendolyn, whom Jack views as a solution to his problems and a way to heighten his status, not as a life partner. Furthermore, putting emphasis on his delusion and hypocrisy. The hyperbolic "we will be the picture of perfection", "That satisfaction will come when, and only when, I have Gwendolyn as my wife" and derisive "the irony of which was evidently, though not shockingly, lost on him" are reflections of this and create cohesion between the character in the play and the
In Romeo and Juliet, the two households were the Capulets and the Montagues. These two families were well known for their quarrels and public riots as seen when the Prince exclaims, “Three civil brawls, bred of an airy word, By thee, old Capulet, and Montague” (1.5.80-81). Remarkably, Romeo and Juliet were able to see past these differences and fall in love; however in order to be secretive, they required the assistance of a dependable parental figure. Friar Laurence, who was neither Capulet or Montague, fit this role. Wanting to end the feud, the Friar frequently helped the couple stay together as seen when he married them and later on set out a plan for their eternal love away from Verona.
Lesley Crewe effectively argues that love comes with regrets that must be overcome. Her argument is well established through her use of idiosyncratic characters, the relationship between them and the indigenous dialogue. Nonetheless, her usage of the plot makes the argument ineffective because it stretches authenticity frequently and is a basic harlequin romance. For example, having a Hollywood star come to Cape Breton and have a background of getting sexually assaulted is quite ridiculous including the impractical conclusion which unsuccessfully displays her universal message.
Lindheim’s Rethinking Sexuality and Class in Twelfth Night, notes that “critics of course usually recognize that marriage is the desired closure for comedy”, (Lindheim, 680). Many characters achieve this “desired closure for comedy”; Olivia marries Sebastian, Viola marries Orsino, and so on, yet Malvolio’s story ends in cruel suffering. It can be argued that his character falls into this tragic situation because of his vices and wickedness, but from this comes the question of who deserves what: Does being a part of a lower class with a pessimistic personality warrant torture? Malvolio may be
As Fitz advances, sexist critics tend to assume that, “men may put political considerations ahead of love; women may not” (304). Inconsistent with conventional thought, Antony and Cleopatra interchange gender roles. For once, a man of his statute shamefully puts love before politics; on the contrary, she put her state before her love. When Cleopatra’s ships flee, the play, through the character of Scarus makes it a point to establish Cleopatra’s blame in the loss of the battle. He begins by referencing being inclined and led by the affections of a woman as ignorance, “The greater cantle of the world is lost.
As they love behind each of their backs of Capulet and the Montagues. To begin, in a scene, in which Paris and Capulet discuss earnestly of Paris’s true love en route against Juliet and his desire for marriage and Capulet empathically understanding the true love and the beauty of women who are invited to the party that shines its pure beauty. Dark vs light was mentioned when Capulet says:
These flavours of irony are enhanced through characters’ names. “Alec D’Urberville” is a counterfeit D’Urberville whereas “Tess Durbeyfield” is a rightful “D’Urberville”, evoking male perfidy and nobility of the “fallen woman”. Similarly, through the play title “Hedda Gabler”, Ibsen’s refusal to subsume Hedda’s personality into her marital title “Tesman” foregrounds her unorthodox personality, portraying the encumbering marriage facing every Victorian women, in which the limitation of the feminine role is embedded in the very nomenclature of society. The writers endow Tess and Hedda with strength necessary to unleash revenge against the “seducer”, a polemic against masculine subduer of female innocence.
Throughout the internationally acclaimed novel, Romeo and Juliet, William Shakespeare conveys the theme of young love fabricating an ill-advised notion. First of all, Romeo and Juliet’s family and friends dislike one another, presuming a strenuous relationship. Furthermore, Romeo and Juliet constitute irrational decisions due to their spontaneous intimacy. From the beginning, the novel clearly demonstrates Romeo and Juliet’s family’s disgust for one another. Romeo and Juliet’s family animosity foreshadows difficulty for the young romance.
William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet is widely known as a horrible tragedy about two teen lovers whose death bring their feuding families together. While there may be a dramatic ending to the play, it starts off as a funny and delightful comedy. To divert the audience’s attention from the cruel reality of the play, Shakespeare focuses on the parts that make it entertaining for the audience. If humor was not added, Romeo and Juliet would have been a very tiresome romance about love and death.
However, due to their lack of trust, suspense is built to sustain a plot. Just as the problem arises quickly, the complication is resolved just as simply with the marriage of the young lovers. Throughout the play, the relationship between Beatrice and Benedict serve as a comedic relief. There snarky replies are well crafted such as Benedict’s view on Beatrice’s replies: “she speaks poniards, and every word stabs: if her breath were as terrible as her terminations, there were no living near her; she would infect to the north star.” In the final act, audience find compassion that Benedict and Beatrice hate relationship settles to a love relationship.
Irony is the most powerful literary device used in the short story, “Harrison Bergeron” by Kurt Vonnegut Jr. First, a good example of irony in the story is “They were burdened with sashweights sand bags of birdshot, and their faces were masked, so that no one, seeing a free and graceful gesture or a pretty face, would feel like something the cat drug in.” (P,2 Line, 11-13) This quote is Ironic as it tells how this system was designed to hide beauty, yet beauty was still shown by the amount of restraints on the person. Second, another good example of irony is, “The spectacles were intended to make him not only half-blind, but to give him whanging headaches besides.