It is the faults in their characters that, not only makes them distinct, though is what leads to their ultimate fall at the end of each novel. Holden Caulfield and Jay Gatsby struggle with the present because they tend to reject reality by being overly self-interested. Holden Caulfield appears to not “fit in” anywhere and leads him to view most people as “phony” as an
The notion of Caulfield’s desire to live as a “poor deaf-mute bastard”(Salinger 1994:179) where “they’d leave me alone”(Salinger 1994: 179) is a prime example of Caulfield’s wish to become detached and alienated from those around him. Through alienation and detachment from those around him, he avoids confrontation and interaction with people which he believes will be the saviour of his own self falling victim to phoniness. However, as Caulfield acts quickly to criticize and label others as, “that was the phoniest bastard I ever met in my life” (Salinger 1994:12), he does not realise that he is actually guilty of the phoniness that he so easily labels others with. Holden Caulfield exhibits a clear dislike for the idea of change, where he shows visible signs of fear towards this idea, “Certain things they should stay the way they are” (Salinger 1994:110). Caulfield finds safety and security in The Museum of Natural History, “I loved that damn museum” (Salinger 1994:108) as it an example of the ideal stagnant and predictable world that Caulfield longs for, “The best thing, though, in that museum was that everything always stayed right where it was” (Salinger 1994: 109).
Many Europeans despise Americans in Europe, especially when they choose not to abide by their customs and culture. Despite being very different from Europe’s high class family, the Miller family do not change the way they behave. The family deviates from the norms of the European society and this is evident in how they treat lower class people. Since couriers are lower class people and consequently live in the basements, the Millers are despised because they treat Eugenio, their courier; like he’s of equal status as them. Mrs. Costello is very surprised that the Miller family treats Eugenio with familiarity.
Regardless of how confused or stressed Holden might be about certain situations, he has his boundaries and is faithful to his principles, according to the research done by Helena Leite Pinto and Dr. Rosalia Neumann Garcia, Holden Caulfield: A Psychological Approach on The Catcher in the Rye’s Antihero. Pinto and Garcia use Freudian theory to support their claims about Holden’s behaviour. They believe that the reason he is, “the most terrific liar you ever saw in your life’’(Salinger 16), is due to his id making immediate decisions on how to handle a stressful situation. Although he feels guilt after the fact, and according to Pinto and Garcia the ego brings awareness that, “he is completely conscious that we cannot do whatever we please to.”
One can also tell the effect of such a situation: Hamlet’s description of himself as “A dull and muddy-mettled rascal, peak, Like John-a-dreams, unpregnant of my cause” (2.2.488-489) and self doubting question of “Am I a coward?” (2.2.492) both decry the negative effect which self-depreciation due to failure to meet gender expectations has. The internal doubt,
Finny tries to push Gene out of his comfort zone and be more independent than others, but Gene is too insecure with himself, and this builds his inner hatred and jealousy for Finny. Just like Gene and Finny are foils Hassan is a foil to Amir. Amir is a coward, and it shows when he first almost denies his friendship with Hassan. “But he's not my friend!
Social Isolation: A Lack of Belonging in Ondaatje’s The English Patient Loneliness is a common, yet unpleasant emotional response to isolation. This feeling of loneliness may be provoked by a disconnection from society, sometimes because of a person’s race or their gender. In a society that is becoming increasingly liberal, many believe that this discrimination will become obsolete. However, in Ondaatje’s The English Patient, the characters’ nationalities and genders are made obvious, suggesting that a person’s race or gender can lead to a lack of a sense of belonging thereby preventing them from succeeding.
The ambiguity in the message relates to the Holden’s overall inconsistency with his opinions and personality. Throughout the book, we get the idea that, although he does like meeting his friends, Holden hates, or at least believes he hates, most people (excluding children of course). However, this final sentence implies Holden has in fact ‘started missing everybody’, meaning he is possibly finally growing up and losing his unreasonable hatred of others. On the other hand, it can also be taken into account that Holden actually regrets ever talking to anyone, as the pain of losing them out balances the joy he gets from his relationships. This would mean that throughout the novel Holden hasn 't changed that much after
Before the space race The United States hadn’t done much exploring in space or what they could send up into space but this race with the Soviet Union encouraged the United States to start exploring their limits and everything outside of our world. The United States’ first achievement was the explorer one which was the first satellite sent into space. This helped them to understand their limits on space exploration as said in this quote "We believe that when men reach beyond this planet, they should leave their national differences behind them." President John F. Kennedy, 1962. The space race has impacted the world in a way that has given everyone the idea that there really are no limits if you set your mind to something and you really want to do
Furthermore, one long-term impact of the Space Race is the improvement of foreign relations as joint efforts between the nations achieved far more with cooperation rather than competition. The Cold War was between two superpowers, both of which tried to compete with each other relying on their own nation’s resources, but in doing so they proved that both sides were capable of great feats. Therefore, when the war ended with a period of detente, the two nations teamed up in 1975 to launch the Apollo-Soyuz project, the first joint US- Soviet space mission. NASA astronauts in an Apollo Command and Service Module met Russian cosmonauts in a Soyuz capsule, but most notably a jointly designed docking module fulfilled the main mission, evidently showing that two different nations with different space-craft had the potential to both dock in orbit. Moreover, the mission itself allowed both sides to alter misconstrued perceptions of the others.
Historical Research Essay: The Space Race Rough Draft The Space Race was a race between democracy and communism, and the winner would ultimately determine which nation was more powerful. The Space Race was a time when the United States and the Soviet Union competed to find out which country had better technology and ideas. It was a turning point in history because it resulted in the United States taking the lead in the world of air and space, which changed the way the world functioned politically, scientifically, and technologically, it also affected pop culture in America and how we view our world as humans.
"We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard" (John Kennedy). Men from many nations have been trying to get to the moon since the middle of the cold war. In the year 1969, landing a person on the moon became one of the greatest scientific accomplishments ever. One of the reasons for being such a great accomplishment was the new technologies that needed to be made and utilized.