Lady Macbeth’s fall into insanity in Act 5, scene 1 reveals the pain that has been inflicted on her mind, this scene also reveals the other characters giving up on their queen. This scene is an essential part of the play that truly exposes Lady Macbeth’s character through her insanity and suicide. This can be acknowledged and connected to the characteristics of the ‘mad-hatter’ character, which was abandoned by society for being mentally ill, even though the character was just a victim of a mind-deteriorating poising. I have chosen an alternative reading as, this far in the play Lady Macbeth has just became filled with guilt, which is marginalised as her being insane. This was not explored in great depth, whereas, this alternative reading offers greater knowledge of Lady Macbeth’s true curse of guilt, and explores her deeper mourning.
The “damned spot” which Lady Macbeth refers to is the blood left by the murder of Macbeth, a symbol of guilt. This scene is ironic as in Act 2 Scene 2, Lady Macbeth stated: “A little water clears us of this deed” Despite saying that by simply washing their hands, the murder would be forgotten, she is now repetitively rubbing her hands but unable to remove thoughts of the murder. Additionally, in the 17th century, sleep was a symbol for conscience and sleepwalking was a sign of a disturbed mind and indeed, in Act 5 Scene 5, driven by madness, she commits suicide. In the Elizabethan Era, it was commonly believed that anyone who committed suicide, would not be granted passage to the afterlife. Lady Macbeth’s suicide suggests to the audience her certainty of being denied the afterlife after murdering
For example, in the silence and darkness of night, after Macbeth kills Duncan and Lady Macbeth frames the guards, she states, “My hands are of your color, but I shame to wear a heart so white,”(2.2.61-62). Saying that her hands were of his color means that her hands were covered in blood, an ubiquitous image that is used multiple times throughout the play. Notably, blood is connected to death and darkness, especially throughout Macbeth. The blood contributes to the evil theme and creates a dark tone; therefore, causing Lady Macbeth to be seen as evil. Along with the blood connection, the fact that she told macbeth that she would be ashamed if her heart was white (weak) as his reveals her desire to be strong.
1, when Macbeth’s wife, Lady Macbeth, is found sleep walking in the night while speaking out of her unconscious mind. After Lady Macbeth slips away from the main plotline, having just murdered King Duncan, she plummets into deep feelings of guilt. This scene allowed Shakespeare to show how guilt truly affected Lady Macbeth, which sent a strong message to the audience that guilt will ultimately lead to destruction. Freud also states “He that has eyes to see and ears to hear may convince himself that no mortal can keep a secret. If his lips are silent, he chatters with his fingertips; betrayal oozes out of him at every pore” (Article Freud).
Throughout the rest of the passage, Lady Macbeth expresses her ambition in metaphors using her tone. For example, she says, “Give me the daggers: the sleeping and the dead are but as pictures: the eye of childhood (2.68-92).” When Macbeth is too scared to recognize what he has undertaken, Lady Macbeth creates an analogy to the situation where she says the dead are nothing but pictures and not real. This again refers to Macbeth’s cowardice and her exceptional
“For the concept of the monstrous feminine, as constructed within/by a patriarchal and phallocentric ideology, is related intimately to the problem of sexual differences and castration.” (Creed, 1993, p.2) Creed takes an interesting approach to Kristeva theory of abjection and Freud’s theory of castration and applies it to horror film. Taking Kristeva’s theory of the abject and the archaic mother, she constructs monstrous representations of the abject woman. The monstrous womb which is the representation of mans fear of woman’s maternal functions. “Fear of the archaic mother turns out to be essentially fear of her generative power. It is this power, a dreaded one, that patrilineal filiation has the burden of subduing.” (Kristeva, 1982, p.77) Freud argued that woman terrifies because she is castrated.
Gothic Horror is a unique style of writing that is “characterized by elements such as fear and death along with romantic themes such as nature, individuality, and extreme emotion” while realism is a writing style that “presents the ordinary, familiar, or mundane aspects of life in a straightforward or matter-of-fact manner that is presumed to reflect life as it actually is.” “The Yellow Wallpaper” written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman is a short, horror-filled story that vividly describes the mentally ill narrator’s experiences and emotional struggles of loneliness, anxiety, and uneasiness while being locked in a hideous room by herself for a long period of time. The story is definitely an example of realism, but the gothic horror writing style powerfully presents itself throughout the text with the use of eerie descriptions of the yellow wallpapered room, the narrator's
If you were stuck having to live with a sin which everyone condemned you for, would you choose to be frail or strong? One may argue that the feeling of weakness itself has the ability to cause a great burden on them. Weakness itself can drastically affect a person physically and mentally. In Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter, human weakness plays a significant role due to the fact that it progressively destroys the characters Arthur Dimmesdale and Hester Prynne who both committed adultery. In the first chapter, the narrator effectively informs the reader that weakness is, in fact, a major part of this novel with the following statement: “It [rose bush] may serve, let us hope, to symbolise some sweet moral blossom that may be found along
It symbolizes the horrible violence and deeds executed by Macbeth that Lady Macbeth is suffering from. Throughout Macbeth, the symbol of the supernatural plays an important role to the development of the plot. At the end of the sleepwalking scene the doctor says, "Foul whisp'rings are abroad. Unnatural deeds Do breed unnatural troubles" (V. i. 49-50).
Lois Lowry once said, “Submitting to censorship is to enter the… world where choice has been taken away and reality distorted. And that is the most dangerous world of all.” This quote perfectly explains the major theme of Fahrenheit 451, which is censorship. Due to the use of censorship by the government, people in this society are unable to form their own opinions, make their own choices, and are forced to live with distorted realities of the world they actually live in. One example of censorship in the book is what can be seen on the parlour walls. This is explained through the quote, “... Tv parlour?...
Hitchcock’s Physco An example of Gothic Literature shows in the film Physco. It’s the blood when supposedly the Norman’s Mother kills Ms. Crain whom steal the money. This scene shows how the blood is disappearing with the water of the shower and goes for the drain, and then she dies. Also use Hitchcock in this scene graphic effects, depending on viewers’ imagination causing the sense of terror and dread on it. An element of Masculine Gothic is the trouble versions of masculinity of Norman.
Have you ever seen horror movies that introduce scary, and crazy serial Killers? When you think about it, murderers don’t just kill to kill, there is a reason to their acts. Most have a traumatic backstory that changed their life. The content the authors decided to use for the theme of the stories are how isolation affect people, the society against mental illnesses, and the mistreatment of women. Authors Charlotte Perkins and William Faulkner both adopt this macabre style to portray how insanity affects people with “The Yellow Wallpaper” & “A Rose For Emily”.