Dramatic Irony in Romeo and Juliet The play, Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare, can be described as confusing, well written, dramatic, emotional, sorrowful, ironic, and much more. Shakespeare's use of dramatic irony makes the play much more enjoyable and realistic. Dramatic irony is used throughout the whole entire play, especially in Acts III, IV and V. Each Act has dramatic irony concealed beneath Shakespeare's beautiful Old English language. Juliet spoke in a very complex way. Most of what Juliet told her family, could be taken in two completely different directions.
Juliet is drinking this potion for Romeo’s sake so that she will not have to be married to Paris. It is very risky for Juliet as she makes the impulsive decision to drink from the vile and doesn’t think how it will affect her family if they think she is gone forever. She should have thought of another way to get out of the marriage but since her ability to control impulses is not fully developed, she made the rash decision to take the potion, not knowing exactly what would happen. One last example of impulses taken in the play is when Romeo goes to the apothecary and buys a poison that will kill himself. Romeo goes to the apothecary and says, “Let me have a dram of poison, such fast-acting gear, as will disperse itself through all the veins, that the life-weary taker may fall dead” (5.1, 62-65).
“ Benvolio - “At this same ancient feast of Capulet’s sups the fair Rosaline whom thou so loves, with all the admired beauties of Verona. Go thither, and with unattainted eye compare her face with some that I shall show, and I will make thee think thy swan a crow.” “ (Shakespeare 683), Benvolio urges Romeo that Rosaline is not the only exquisite woman in the world. “ Benvolio - “But in that crystal scales let there be weighed your lady’s love against some other maid that I will show you shining at this feast, and she shall scant show well that now seems best.” “ (Shakespeare 683), Benvolio thinks that Romeo should look for other beauties, not just Rosaline because she ignores his love.
The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare is developed through tragedy, romance, and most importantly dramatic irony. Dramatic irony is when the audience knows something the other characters do not know. Shakespeare uses dramatic irony to create suspense and to help create action in the play. In Romeo and Juliet, William Shakespeare uses dramatic irony such as Romeo and Juliet’s feuding families, Juliet’s arranged marriage to Paris, and Juliet’s death to keep readers on edge and wanting to read more.
From the very beginning of the play, Shakespeare, is holding fate to blame for the death of the two lovers. In the line “from forth the fatal loins of these two foes a pair of star-crossed lovers take their life” foreshadowing, metaphor and alliteration are used to show how Romeo and Juliet’s love would end in tragedy. Foreshadowing is used to create suspense leading to a later scene in the play where the lover’s suicide. The metaphor “star-crossed lovers” suggest the prophetic alignments of the stars are against them. The lovers are ill-fated from the start. Furthermore, alliteration is used to emphasize the woeful fate of Romeo and Juliet, “From forth the fatal loins of these two foes”. The repetitions of the “t” and “f” sounds highlight
He had given Juliet, who was begging for help, a small vial containing the liquid that would fake Juliet’s death. When the time had come, he depended too much on Friar John, and Romeo received the wrong news. Romeo had thought that Juliet was dead and went back to Verona with a bottle of poison to kill himself. Quickly, Friar Lawrence ran to stop him, only to find Romeo dead and Juliet waking up.
Shakespeare has Juliet to fight herself on taking the potion or not. She begins to show even more desperation as her argument continues. Juliet sits alone on her bed thinking thoroughly and shows some interest in taking the potion “ Romeo,Romeo,Romeo! Here's drink. I drink thee” She takes the sip of her potion and lays on her bed await of the deep sleep.
He, meanwhile would send a note to Romeo informing him of the hoax that was being perpetrated on the Capulets and Paris, and asking Romeo to meet him at the graveyard where Juliet would greeted them alive and well. Unfortunately, the message never arrived. This was revealed when Friar John told Friar Laurence, " I could not send it, here it is again / Nor get a messenger to bring it thee" (5.2.14-15). Friar Laurence had not told the messenger the importance of the letter reaching Romeo. And, if Friar Laurence had followed the original agreement he made with Romeo: "Sojourn in Mantua; I 'll find out your man, /
Instead of finding a way to fix things, they tried to find ways around it. Juliet faked her death because Romeo was banished and she was being forced to marry another. Instead of finding another way to leave and be with Romeo, she fakes her death which causes Romeo’s death. Benvolio in this story was a peacemaker and tried not to fight but wanted peace. He only fought when it was necessary.
Juliet drinks the sleeping potion despite her fears because she would rather everyone believe her death in place of marrying Paris. She worries the Friar only gave it to her in order to not be disgraced. “What if it be a poison which the friar Subtly hath ministered to have me dead… Lest… He should be dishonored”(Shakespeare 258). Then she worries about waking up with her dead relatives all around her.
In William Shakespeare’s play, The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet, two lovers are bound to death by fate, and the audience is informed of this fact by the large amount of foreshadowing seen throughout the play. In each scene, at least one example of foreshadowing can be seen. This literary device is used to help form the tone of the story and give readers a feeling for what is going to happen next.
Heartbroken, he found Juliet’s body, still affected by the potion on her tomb. He drank a poisonous potion so he could die beside her. When Juliet did eventually awake, she was greeted with the sight of her dead lover and stabbed herself
“I could not send it-here it is again…” (CITATION). Friar John could not send the message, but instead of eventually getting to its final destination, he brings it back where it has no purpose anymore. However, the Friar should not have involved Friar John in the mess he already made. In fact, Friar Lawrence should have told Friar John this information: “By my brotherhood, the letter was not nice but full of charge, of dear import, and neglecting it may do much danger” (CITATION). Had the Friar told Friar John about the urgency of the letter, there would have been a higher chance of it reaching
Dramatic irony is when the audience or reader know something that the characters are unaware of. In Act Two Scene 3 line 44, Friar Laurence asks Romeo, “God pardon sin! Wast thou with Rosaline?” (2.3.44) and this adds suspense to the play, therefore making the plot more interesting. What this quote means is that Friar Laurence thinks that Romeo has been with Rosaline all night, even though he was with Juliet.