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The prevalent atmosphere is a doom and gloomy one, in order for incomprehensible situations to take place. Some of the most known Gothic novels are Frankenstein, Dracula, Wuthering Heights, stories written by Edgar Allen Poe. According to Crystal B. Lake, the Gothic literature expose and play with the unknown, hidden parts of society or of ourselves hence what makes it so terrifying is the fact that it brings into the light, it gives a voice to
The setting of the story takes place in a town that is pictured as isolated and dark. This foreshadows what will happen throughout the story and this setting helps the story progress and have interactions between other Gothic characters. The life of the main character is seen as one that was sad and very lonely, “My life was, notwithstanding, rather a solitary one.” (Le Fanu 276). This is a Gothic element of the story. This helps the reader understand who the character is and how her past has
Setting is the key element in Gothic Literature. It displays the different places and architectures that are essentials to visualize Gothic. The setting is highly significant in a Gothic novel because it helps to add horror and fear to its mood and dreadful weakness to its characters. As said by Snodgrass, the settings of Gothic literary works present an extensional symbolic psychological case to its human characters (158).Gothic fictions are usually set in isolated landscapes or highly secured prisons, secret passages or corridors, old castles or ghostly houses, and graveyards. According to Hogle, Gothic areas might be "a castle, a foreign place, an abbey, a vast prison, a subterranean crypt, a graveyard, a primeval frontier, or island, a large old house or theatre.
The Castle of Otranto (1764)by Horace Walpole was regarded as the first Gothic fiction in the world, depicting a frightening story about supernatural revenge. Later, there came forth a lot of similar works of Gothic style, which led to numerous commendatory and derogatory criticisms by critics. In 19th century, it influenced many American writers and stepped into a flourishing period in America, in which there were new branches of Gothic fiction with indigenous and native characteristics, like Southern Gothic fiction. Although the Gothic traditions extended in both English and American Literature, it was still the most distinguished in the American Southern Literature, with its own unique
For instance, the horrible atmosphere, the existence of supernatural, the contradictions of characters, the complicated conflicts of morality and evilness. Chapter 2 The Fundamental Tone of the Gothic Elements in Frankenstein-- The Gothic Aesthetics The reflection of the gothic elements in the novel is mainly circled with the tone of gothic aesthetics. Gothic aesthetics was raised by Edmund Burke, referring to beauty of negative, gloom and even dark characteristics. Based on it, the individuals may acquire a total extraordinary experience in the novel. 2.1 The Manifestation of Characters The protagonists in Frankenstein are Frankenstein and the monster.
Gothic and Victorian sensation elements created the most memorable novels, and created a whole new genre of books that symbolically dealt with society. The Victorian element of gothic psychology is key to driving realistic suspenseful plots in all three novels. In the article “Ghosts of the Mind: The Supernatural and Madness in Victorian Gothic Literature” by Stephanie Craig, states, “By taking the position that the
I shall try to demonstrate in the literature review chapter The Gothic Aesthetic: Overview and Assessment that “gothic” is indeed a controversial term through providing an overview of the complexity of the gothic arena and its continuity to modern times, stressing certain conventions and affinities which relate to the works of Mantel. In the second chapter Fludd: The Haunting of the Past, I shall demonstrate that this novel contains the gothic element of anti-Catholicism, secrets, transubstantiation, transformation and the representation of the devil, all of which belong to the gothic tradition. Relying on the psychoanalytical theories of Sigmund Freud and Julia Kristeva, this chapter is devoted to decipher the gothic symbols presented in the novel. A great deal of the examination will be concerned in identifying the ways in which the main character the alchemist called Fludd personifies the
In the early 18th century a new genre of fiction prose, named "Gothic Novel" was introduced. The term ”Gothic” used to refer to the German tribe of the Goths. The Gothic novel spread over the 19th century and had the popular theme of haunted places such as castles, crypts, gloomy monasteries; supernatural elements having the role to intensify the atmosphere. The characteristic motifs of the gothic genre were the strange places, the supernatural, magic objects, monsters, demons, science used for bad purposes. And many of them appear also in "The Picture of Dorian Gray".
The detective story usually places its characters into an old house, a mansion, and the feeling of claustrophobia and mystery arises from darkness, shadows, stormy weather and light strange reflections. Atmosphere of Gothic suspense came from the threatening feeling or fear enhanced by the unknown. At times, characters did not know their ancestors and could not say where they came from (Day 1985: 123). Undoubtedly, an atmosphere of mystery and suspense is present in both kinds of productions. Works are pervaded by a threatening feeling, a fear enhanced by the unknown.