Eventually Patroclus gets killed. Achilles is humiliated and regrets his actions. He vows to avenge Patroclus’ death. His humility causes him to fight to redeem himself, he returns back to the path of being a hero. These examples are only a few of the many that are in the Iliad, but they explain exactly what hubris
Creon was proud in the cause Eteocles was fighting for, however he despised that Polyneices fought against it. So he made a law that Polyneices could not receive his rightful burial as Greek law stated. Antigone would not accept this law, as she was proud of her brother, even though it damaged Creon’s pride. So Creon ordered her execution. Due to this showing of pride that abandons reason, Creon’s son killed himself.
Two examples are on page 24 and page 103. On page 24, Odysseus protests the chieftains to continue to fight the war and that it would be a shameful thing to leave the war. But Thersites protests Odysseus, who is the Greek war leader. So, Odysseus beats Thersites with a scepter. This shows Odysseus is honorable because even though it may seem abuse, it was the right thing to do.
In battle Hector killed Achilles´s best friend Pactorlos in battle. In grief Achilles wants to fight Hector for what he did. Hector has two choices, either to fight Achilles or hide behind the walls of Troy. Hector exclainms doubtedly “What shall I do? If I retreat behind these walls, … And now that I have ruined them all by my rashness, I am ashamed to face the men and women of Troy, or some base fellows may say-Hector thought too much of his own strength, and ruined us all!” (Homer 257) “Either I shall kill him and return in triumph, or I shall die with honour
Creon intends to bring peace to Thebes after the destructive war between Eteocles and Polyneices, stating that “Polyneices, who broke his exile… to spill the blood of his blood and sell his own people into slavery” (Sophocles 1.39-43) will not receive a proper Greek burial. Creon hopes that this strong demand will strengthen his power as a monarch trying to bring tranquility to the city; however, his means for carrying out the order became unnecessarily arrogant and brutal in terms, as burial is sacred to the ancient Greeks. Sophocles’ commentary about the delicate balance between intentions and actions was affirmed in the 1532 novel The Prince, where it is stated that “the ends justify the means” (Machiavelli). People can learn from the mistakes of Ancient Greek tragic heroes such as Creon, as they prove how being “true to type, true to life, and consistent” (Aristotle) can become negative if it supersedes how important the end necessarily is. These heroes teach society that actions are ultimately the most important factor in making decisions, as they are what consequently affect the
Quickly, Sinon states, “it now is right for me to break the holy / oath of my loyalty and right for me / to hate the Greeks, to bring all things to light, / whatever they conceal” (II, 220-223). Sinon’s logical explanation for going against his country makes sense when his army picked him to be sacrificed to the gods. To close out his argument, Sinon explains the causes of harming or caring for the Trojan horse. Sinon carefully states, “… For if your hand should harm Minerva’s gift / then vast destruction… / would fall on Priam’s kingdom … / but if it climbed by your hands into Troy / … Asia would repel the Greeks, … / this is the doom that waits for our descendants” (II, 268-275). Sinon’s last statement triggers the Trojan’s to bring the horse inside the gates of Troy to bring doom upon Greece.
Before he slaughters his opponents, he responds to Eurymachus’ plea: “There will be killing ‘till the score is paid. You forced yourselves upon his house” (1468-1469). In order to maintain his honor, Odysseus chooses to take the suitors’ lives because punishment is seen as just and fair. Since the suitors invade Odysseus’ house and avoid combat, instead begging for their lives in front of him, they break Greek code; in other words, they negatively respond to the generous hospitality they receive and choose not to fight for their lives, which shows great dishonor because they break important traditions of hospitality and combat as set by the
Sex & Society: The Problem With Honor In Boccaccio’s Decameron, there are many themes that exist within his tales, one of these being a theme of Honor. A couple of tales that represent many routes of Honor are the tale of Tancredi and Ghismonda along with the tale of Ricciardo and Caterina. Even though Honor, especially in the Decameron, is an ideal set in place that structures morality, it should be used as a tool of decision instead of a “black and white” standard of life. It is found that each tale portrays a different message about honor, Honor and sexual desire are not mutually exclusive in the world of the Decameron, and how Honor is very malleable and is usually a reflection of society. First, Honor and sexual desire are not mutually
Consequently, then he would be overpowered and killed for the deaths of the men. His wife Penelope would be given away to one of the ones whom lived, and maybe his son, Eumaeus, and the cowherd would all suffer death due to their part in the grand scheme of themes. For, Athena would not have deemed them physically worthy of her help and left them un aided in the battle. But Odysseus did accept help, and Athena did help them. Leading to the next quote.
Homer underlines that this behavior is foul, for Achilles allows his soldiers to wound the body and then bounds Hector’s feet to his chariot in order to harm the body. Although Hector asked him to give his body to his family, Achilles ignores the last will of the dying Trojan hero because he is still obsessed with his revenge. One should remember that the Greeks believed it was the issue of primary importance to bury a person’s body in a decent way so that their spirit would find the sanctuary. In other words, Achilles takes revenge in the most horrible way