Only when he believes he lost his children does he lose his cloak of self-assurance. And the end of the story, Jem and Scout have been attacked by Mr. Ewell, the one who convicted Atticus’s defendant. When the fight is over and the sheriff checks the scene Mr. Ewell has a knife in his stomach. When Atticus is lead to believe that Jem, his son, put it there does Atticus begin to lose his usual confidence and wit. “‘If this thing’s hushed up it’ll be a simple denial to Jem of the way I’ve tried to raise him.
Throughout his closing arguments, Atticus is constantly trying to show both the jury and the people of Maycomb why this case should never have gone to trial and he does so with a lot of emotional appeal. An example of this is seen when he states “To begin with, this case should never have come to trial. This case is as simple as black and white” (271). This quote uses powerful language such as the phrase “as simple as black and white” which shows how a case with seemingly blatant evidence proving Tom Robinson’s innocence, is undermined by the prejudice which exists in society at the time. Atticus argues that the whole reason this case had ever gotten to this point is because of the racial inequality in Maycomb and throughout the country at the time.
Finally, Atticus knows that if he does not defend Tom Robinson no one else will and Maycomb will remain racially segregated. Atticus knows that “The one place where a man ought to get a square deal is in the courtroom, be he any colour of the rainbow, but people have a way of carrying their resentments right into a jury box” (Lee 252). Atticus is stating that coloured people should at least have equality in the courtroom, but they do not as the jury is all anti-black
To demonstrate, Tom Robinson’s verdict had just been announced, and Atticus, defeated, walks quickly down the aisle. Scout watches her father as he takes his lonely walk, hoping that her father will look up at her, but Atticus keeps his eyes to the floor. “Someone was punching me, but I was reluctant to take my eyes from the people below us, and from the image of Atticus’s lonely walk down the aisle. ‘Miss Jean Louise?’ I looked around. They were standing.
Atticus tells the jury he is sure that they will make the right decision, saying, “Now I am confident that you gentlemen will review without passion the evidence that you have heard, come to a decision, and restore this man to his family.” He is putting additional pressure on them to make a choice based on facts and not on prejudiced ideas about race. In the courts, all men are supposed to be equal. They are the fortress of justice, and must never be corrupt. Innocent people should not be punished, but instead justice ought to be restored to them. Unfortunately, despite Atticus’ logical and emotional appeals, the jury of Maycomb cannot be swayed from their terrible racist views and finds Tom Robinson
Atticus wants to teach his kids Jem and Scout life lessons at an early age so they grow up as respectable people. Atticus takes the trial knowing the consequence that him and his family will be harrassed by the town because it is the right thing to do. Atticus finch decides to defend Tom Robinson to be a good role model for his children and prove that the “Golden Rule” is a rule to
During the trial in the book to kill a mockingbird by Harper Lee. The Lawyer Atticus Finch uses rhetorical appeals such as ethos, logos, and pathos tap into the jury's sense of ethics, logic and emotion to convey Tom Robinson, a black man, is innocence in a rape case. Atticus uses ethos many times throughout his closing argument, His most powerful ones are “I would like to… remind you that this case is not a difficult one… but it does require you to be sure beyond all reasonable doubt as to the guilt of the defendant”. This makes the jury think again because Atticus is forcing the jury to look in at their own morals when he says to be sure upon all reasonable doubt. Atticus also says “i am confident that you gentlemen will review without compassion the evidence you have heard, come to a decision, and restore this defendant to his family.
Jem says this after Atticus exposes him to the trial. This shows that he now knows that there are bad things to hide from. The trial changed him because he saw the bad in the world. The children’s characters developed from curious and innocent to understanding and
In the 1930s the case with the Scottsboro Boys was a case some say was unfair. Atticus in To Kill a Mockingbird, mistakenly asserts that in court all men are created equal. Our courts treat people unfairly based on the way some citizens look, giving us the societal perception that we should be aloud to treat those people unfair. In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird Harper Lee displays a source a source of unfairness in the Tom Robinson trial. All the evidence supporting
This pushback is shown by multiple instances in which Jem and Scout are made fun of for their father is a “n****r lover”. Secondly, Atticus knows he is going to lose the case for he knows that the moral character of Maycomb is not high enough to be able to see true innocence on account of evidence. This realization did not deter him, for he believed that “the one place a man should get a square deal is in a courtroom” (295). Thus he delivered on behalf of his morals and completed the case. This again shows moral courage, for Atticus knew that he if he forfeited his defense of Tom Robinson the ridicule would stop.