He cannot even fight for a worthy cause dear to his heart, but Fortinbras’ men die for a meaningless reason. Shakespeare uses particular words such as “death” (4.4.55), “danger dare” (4.4.55), “eggshell” (4.4.56), and “honor” (4.4.59) to show that Fortinbras’ men are braver than Hamlet since they take action. For this, Hamlet is irritated since they are fighting for an eggshell, a simple and useless item. However, this irritation sparks a realization which allows a powerful ending to the soliloquy. Hamlet vows to only have “bloody” (4.4.69) thoughts.
This is the downfall of leaders in many works of literature, including Harrison Bergeron and The Lord of the Flies. If given power, individuals obsessed with achieving their ideals will revert to an aggressive and uncompromising leadership style unless there is some form of a rival to keep them in check. Harrison Bergeron’s titular character experienced oppression first-hand and sought to exert complete power over a society that tried to make him powerless. Determined for change, Harrison stormed a TV station, the “ballerinas, technicians, musicians, and announcers [inside] cowered on their knees before him, expecting to die” (Vonnegut 4). A fear of individual recognition kept his society running, yet in his desire to remove this fear Harrison establishes his own and becomes a veritable enemy to peace.
Abstract: There are two opposed worlds in “Macbeth”_ rational and irrational. Macbeth’s tragedy begins when he begins to apply the standards of the irrational world in the rational one where he lives. The rational world is marked by complexities, uncertainties and inter-dependences of events. Heroism, in this world, consists in confronting these. The irrational world is characterized by simplicities, certainties and isolation of events.
Yossarian is not a classic hero because, even though he performs heroic actions such as standing for the weak, having a bigger enemy, and overcoming a problem that tests his morals, ultimately he does not fit the stereotype of a hero, thus changing our perceptions of heroism. Catch-22 tells a story of an American bombardier who is at war. Yossarian isn’t the military man that goes to war and returns a war hero. Instead, he wants to get out of it because he hates the idea of war and people trying to kill him. He does anything to avoid his missions because he is simply scared of them.
Behind this humor, however, is a deeper meaning. The absurdity which each character experiences brings to light the message of the story: war is pointless. Colonel Cathcart, who put in place the unwritten rule of “Catch-22” did so simple because he wants to be promoted to a General. Major Major has never even flown a mission yet is promoted to Major because they “needed a new Major.” Major Major just wants to be left alone so he creates his own “Catch-22” so that no one can see him. Yossarian, who quickly learns that the Catch-22 means no escape, just wants to go home.
War torn Afghanistan challenges all the characters in the Kite runner to forgive themselves and others in the face of war, socioeconomic differences and tense race relations. Both, socioeconomic status and race relations, play a vital role in the key to forgiveness. People lower in the hierarchy pyramid tend to forgive those who are superior easily. The enslavement of Hazaras leads to the mindset that they do not deserve human decency and respect. This prevents them from growing financially and breaking the binds of their past, placing them at the bottom of the hierarchy.
His “first mistake” lead to many more. He reflects, “In a position of moral leadership, of course, compromise begets only more compromise” (p.169). Hundert continues to ignore his own “code of morals” when Sedgewick cheats during the “Mr. Julius Ceaser” competition, the Headmaster even intimidates him to remain silent. Hundert describes his act as a “soldier following his captain’s orders.” Hundert reflects, “What had happened was that instead of enforcing my own code of morals, I had allowed Sedgewick Bell to sweep me summarily into his” (p. 172).
The rise in paranoia and insomnia leads to further problems. Macbeth feels the irrational need to cover up his tracks, and the only witness he cold suspect is Banquo. His impression of Banquo is that he has the qualities of a king, which make Macbeth anxious and jealous, “Our fears in Banquo/ Stick deep; and in his royalty of nature/ Reigns that which would be fear’d" (3.1.53-55). In fear of his own sovereignty, Macbeth quickly becomes apprehensive of Banquo’s prophecy of him being the father to forthcoming kings, “Thou shalt get kings, though thou be none” (1.3.70). Furthermore, it convinces him into believing that Banquo is a threatening enemy, and he can only be safe if Banquo is killed.
Creon’s tragic flaw is that he is too stubborn and lets his pride obscure his decision making. When Eteocles and Polynices kill each other in battle, Creon orders his men to give Eteocles a complete military burial and decree Polynices’ body to remain unburied. Stubbornness is another defining tragic flaw of Creon. Creon demonstrate his stubbornness by not wanting to be proved wrong because of pride. When the Choragos tried to tell Creon that he made a mistake by telling that nobody can bury the body of Polyneices.
He remained headstrong, stubborn and selfish in his actions, even warranting rebuke from the men on certain occasions. This is seen in the very first conflict that is witnessed on the pages of The Iliad. Agamemnon is faced with the request to give up his war prize, and immediately and indignantly decides against all the council of the army in order to keep his prize of a woman (28). With this decision, he sought his own desires selfishly and disconnected himself from the men he was meant to lead. Granted, he possessed a strong will, a thing very necessary for good leadership.
James F. O’Neil, a member and commander of the American Legion, was strongly against communism, viewing it as a corruptive influence that needed to be found and routed out of public institutions. O’Neil viewed communists as inherently deceitful, armed with “artful doges and ingenious dissimulations” that were employed on gullible and unsuspecting American citizens. As a way to combat these manipulations, O’Neil recommended that American citizens remain constantly alert for those in their surroundings who might be spies, and to alert the proper authorities as to any possible communists. As a man who had fought in war in service for his country, O’Neil still felt the need to protect his country, even after having been discharged from military service, by stifling any communist presence in America. O’Neil viewed communism as a corrosive force to American ideals that he had fought so hard to
He was raised according the morals of society on the reservation, which could not be more different from the way people are conditioned in the Brave New World. The conditioning makes the citizens of Brave New World absolutely disgusted by old age, injuries and families (153). In the same vein, John was disturbed by the science of the Brave New World such as all of the twins created through the Bokanovsky process. Simple differences such as these between John and the people of the Brave New World guaranteed that he would never be able to truly belong in that society. This is reflected by the fact that John was always referred to as “the Savage” or “Mr.
In “fighting for the wrong war”, O’Brien becomes a coward, and only in fighting for the right wars will he find his courage. In saying so, the war O’Brien desires to fight is not one of bloodshed and distraught, but that of reason, just, and knowledge. He “detested [others] blind, thoughtless, automatic acquiescence,” and held every individual at war responsible to God. “Politically naive,” but educated of the fundamentals of a war simply to stop Communist, O’Brien held the strong belief that fighting for a war that was undesired and not understood was intolerable. Although he survived the war, “It [was] not a happy ending,” as in the act of going to war, O’Brien depleted what “finited quantities” of courage he possessed.
Aside from his relationship with Julia as a “political act” (129), Winston’s ultimate ruin can be traced to his intuition that has consistently led him astray, “It seemed to him that he know instinctively who would survive and who would perish, though just what it was that made for survival, it was not easy to say.” (63) This is a crucial example of how visibly disconnected Winston is, especially once the reader achieves the end of the novel, and each of the characters he had prophesied as a survivor of the oppressive regime is persecuted by Big Brother. While it can be argued that rebellion against political authority is another way to conform to a different authority, the same proponent may also remind us that government powers are capable