Theme Of Irony In The Cask Of The Amontillado

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Irony in the “Cask of the Amontillado”
In the “Cask of the Amontillado,” the author, Edgar Allen Poe, uses irony for a dramatic portrayal of two so called “friends.” In an 18th or 19th century city, during a Mardi Gras celebration, a man by the name of Montresor sees the very drunken Fortunato. Both Montresor and Fortunato are wine connoisseurs. Montresor uses Fortunato’s love of wine to lure him into the dark and damp catacombs. As he continues to give Fortunato wine, he begins to lead him into a niche. Montresor builds up a brick wall, enclosing him inside, causing Fortunado to suffocate, therefore killing him. In “Cask of Amontillado”, Edgar Allan Poe uses verbal, dramatic, and situational irony to add horror and suspense to the story.
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Verbal irony is when a writer or speaker says one thing, but really means something completely different. The first example is when Montresor says to Fortunato, “You are luckily met.” (page 288). In this statement, Montresor actually means that Fortunato is unlucky, because Montresor knows his fate. Another example is when Montresor says to Fortunato, “Your health is precious.” (page 289). This is ironic because his health is not precious to Montresor because he is going to kill Fortunato and doesn't care about his well being. The last example of verbal irony is right after Fortunato dies, Montressor says, “Rest in peace.” (292). He did not really wish for him to rest peacefully. Verbal irony is used in various ways to hide what will happen next in the story.
Situational is the next type of irony used in this story, to create suspense. One example in “Cask of Amontillado” is Fortunato's name means lucky one. The readers know that Fortunato is not lucky. The setting of the story is a carnival, a place where no one would suspect a murder to happen. Fortunato is brought to the catacombs by Montresor, because he knows Fortunato adores wine. This is ironic, because his love of wine is what gets him killed. Throughout the story, Poe uses examples to create situational irony, to keep the readers
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