Victorian literature is a literature written in England during the reign of Queen Victoria, or roughly from 1837 -1901. It is largely characterized by the struggle of working people and the success; of right over wrong. It happened to be in the Victorian era (1837–1901) that the novel became the leading classification in English. Women played an important part in this rising popularity both as authors as well as readers. Little Women is a novel by American author Louisa May Alcott (1832–1888), the title of the book was meant to highlight the inferiority of women as compared to men, or, alternatively, describe the lives of simple people, "unimportant" in the social sense.
The Victorian era was the great age of the English novel—realistic, thickly plotted, crowded with characters, and long. It was the ideal form to describe contemporary life and to entertain the middle class. The intellectuals and artists of the age had to deal in some way with the upheavals in society, the obvious inequities of abundance for a few and squalor for many, and, emanating from the throne of Queen Victoria (1837–1901), an emphasis on public rectitude and moral propriety. Between the multitude of novelist of Victorian Age women took an important place as writers. Emily Brontë’s single novel Wuthering Heights (1847) is a unique masterpiece for the image of love and passion that gives and the unusual narrative structure.
The works of Walt Whitman and Louisa May Alcott were heavily influenced by the changing atmosphere of the nineteenth century with its new emphasis on self and society . While Whitman captured the very spirit of America in poetic form, Alcott “stands as one of the great American practitioners of the girls novel and the family story” . America in the nineteenth century was racially and culturally diverse with a wide variety of distinctive natural landscapes: “not merely a nation but a teeming nation of nations” . The unity and beneficence of the All and the ideal of the large embrace are the guiding principles of Leaves of Grass . Whitman acknowledges and celebrates every aspect of this new, vast and exciting nation.
Elizabeth and Victor’s age are very close, and she becomes the main, most beloved part of his childhood. She is Victor's most admired friend. Both of their parents always told the children to be close in every possible way as cousins, as brother and sister, and, in the future, as a married
She tenderly accepts his proposal, and both Jane and Elizabeth are married. In the novel, all the characters have their unique personalities and especially the main characters have their pride and prejudice. Jane Austen successfully catches the difference of the characteristics - pride and prejudice, and creates love stories based on these two general
Jane Austen is one of British Literature’s most well-known female novelists, especially when considering the rise in popularity of the Novel of Manners in the 19th century. The Novel of Manners centers on a female character and the rising action culminates in familial, social, and communal conflicts. The protagonist navigates the difficult and strenuous expectations placed on her by the people around her while she subverts and resists the standards and oppressions of the time. One prominent component throughout the history of Austen’s work is the uplifting of women and the role they play in their societal sphere with Pride and Prejudice exemplifying these characteristics. Because this piece is one of Austen’s most popular, it has been adapted for film time and time again; one such example being the 2005 adaptation starring Kiera Knightly and Matthew McFadyen.
CHAPTER TWO Ann Radcliffe’s Gothic Portrayal I am the last leaf on the tree – Ann Radcliffe 1 2.1. Biographical Sketch Ann Radcliffe was the most popular novelist of the early gothic fiction. She wrote a series of Gothic fictions in the 1790s, just as the gothic genre was reaching its peak of popularity in England and America.2 Ann Ward was born in London on July, 1764. She was the only child of William Ward and Ann Oates. She received well education.
Northanger Abbey was the first completed novel by Jane Austen, one of the most famous novelists of the early 19th century and British novelists in general. Austen is known for her social commentary, as well as romance, for which some of her works like Pride and Prejudice or Sense and Sensibility are popular even today. Northanger Abbey is a novel famous for its satirizing of the Gothic novel, simultaneously criticizing the values of people (stressing the importance of education for women) and illustrating the life of the British gentry, placing the spotlight over a young woman and her adapting to the real world surrounding her. Therefore, it is hard to place this novel into only one specific genre, just like it is hard to identify Austen with a particular literary movement as romanticism or Victorian literature.
In the 19th century European Romanticism influenced the American writers and gave rise to a new epoch in the literature. The authors of that period put emphasis on individual and intuition, at the same time focusing on emotions and spirituality. The latter was especially visible in the philosophy of transcendentalism. This movement, however, encountered opposition in Dark Romanticism which was closely connected to Gothicism. The popularity of Gothic fiction has its origin in Henry Walpole's Castle of Otranto published in 1764.
Jane Austen’s fantasy set in the simple rural environment of pre-industrial early 18th century England finds its readers along the world and is one of the best-known novels of English literature that has been several times adapted for further media in form of play or movie. The popularity of the story unfolding an evolvement of romantic relationship between two young people with much more similar characters than social status can be seen especially in its general analogy to the modern fairy-tales’ constructions. The central theme of social mobility in a strongly hierarchical society Austen and her fictional characters had lived in brings the reader a whole picture of conditions, rules and behavioural requirements, as well as perhaps exaggerated but still very real concept of mentality, desires and needs of that time people across the social classes and groups. The basic society, this story is focused on, is composed of the members of lower (middle) class – the farmers, traders and freelancers (churchman, lawyer etc.). The middle class is represented by the Bennets family, their neighbours (Sir Lucas and his family, Phillips etc.)