Indra, regarded here as the “highest god among the gods” lusts after a child, who he later stalks and deceives (19). Yet, the even more disturbing part of this tale exists in the relationship between Gautama and Ahalya, husband and wife. In this depiction of marriage, the husband punishes his wife much more harshly than he does the man who schemed her into sex. This outcome portrays involuntary female infidelity as worse than sexual coercion. However, Rama and Sita’s marriage, which composes the bulk of the epic, overshadows Ahalya’s story to provide a vision of passionate, forgiving, and loving Hindu marriage.
Like observed by Ramanujan, the difference in the way the episode of Ahalya has been narrated by Valmiki and Kampan can be traced to the influence Tamil bhakti had on Kampan. Religion has not only had an effect on the way the story is narrated but a few religious beliefs like that of the Jains about Ravana has the effect of adding a completely new dimension to the story. As per the Hindu belief Rama has always been worshiped as God but the Jains on the other hand are a strong believer of that the Hindu version of Ramayana is highly exaggerated and unreasonable. The Jains have stories which portray Ravana as a noble man who got carried away by the beauty of a women and that ultimately lead to his end. Also, the Hindus worship Rama as Lord whereas the Jains believe him to be an evolved Jain man who is in his last birth hence, does not commit a sin by killing Ravana.
The Bhagavad Gita is one of the most important philosophical and religious classics in the world. It systematically synthesizes both rational analysis and religious inspiration in answering the fundamental questions of existence. The major ideas woven together in the Gita has their roots in ancient Indian texts like the Vedas, the Upanishads, and the Samkhya and Yoga systems. A number of chapters in the Gita are soaked in the concept of the three gunas of the Samkhya Philosophy. These three gunas are ‘satwa’, ‘rajas’ and ‘tamas’.
Stephen Prothero breaks it down very simple that seems too easily understood. The problem in Hinduism is Samsara. Samsara is defined as wondering or flowing cycle of life, death, and rebirth (reincarnation). To be clear, reincarnation in Hinduism is classified as a problem rather than an opportunity. The solution is moksha.
Siddhartha Gautama was born around 563 B.C.E and died around 483 B.C.E. Siddhartha Gautama means one who accomplishes his goals. He was born to a king. Going Suddhodana received a prophecy that his son would either become s king or a monk. The king wanted his son to become a king as well so he treated him accordingly.
Another legend called “The Inquiry of the Layman Sucundra”, describes a struggling philosopher who was trying to provide the necessary means to support his family. He is then confronted by a monk who teaches him the ritualistic procedures that are necessary to worship and meditate to the Goddess. Quickly after praying to her, he received his good fortune: a large amount of land and a job as a teacher at a monastery. He continued to share his knowledge of worshipping the Goddess Vasudhara to others, just as the monk had helped him find his place in the
Brahma is their god and vishnu and shiva are the destroyer and preserver. Shiva has the role that he needs to destroy the universe in order to recreated. Ganesha role is to give good fortune and he is also the remover of obstacles. He is described as an elephant because his father gave him a elephant head. The rest of Ganesha body is a human body.
As enlightenment is the ultimate goal for these religions, Hindus call it achieving moksha and Buddhists and Jains, nirvana. All three religions believe that whether it is to end the cycle of rebirth, or to live a better life in the next birth one must wipe clean all their karma. Karma is usually due to attachments, as mentioned earlier in this essay to how the Bhagavad Gita connects attachments and karma. In the Ramayana, when Rama, Sita and Lakshmana discussed karma, Lakshmana had said “All events in our lives are reactions to past actions”(Lakshmana in C.K., 122), Rama replied saying “Events are events. Humans qualify them as good or bad.”(Rama in C.K., 122) Contrary to this is what Prasannamati Mataji had mentioned in The Nun’s Tale, “Jains, however, conceive of karma as a fine material substance that physically attaches itself to the soul, polluting and obscuring its potential for bliss by weighing it down with pride, anger, delusion and greed, and so preventing it from reaching it’s ultimate destination at the summit of the universe.”(Dalrymple, 2009:10) Pride, anger delusion and greed all being causes of attachment.
He shared his thoughts to Govinda that by self-denial is not the answer. They stayed with the samanas in three years, then a rumor spread that an enlightened one, named Gotama the Buddha, has overcome the world’s suffering and brought karma into and end. This rumor excites Siddhartha and Govinda to seek Gotama. They followed him but the leader of the samanas got angry with them but by the gaze of Siddhartha puts him to silence, and blesses Siddhartha. By that gave Govinda recodnized that his spirituality was more than the highest of
Disguised as his charioteer, Krishna explains how one should follow one’s calling in life and for Arjuna this is as a warrior. Humans experience repeated lives and deaths and Krishna expounds upon the transmigration of souls. He also reassures Arjuna that the divine love ensures that God will manifest in any epoch when humans are in need of illumination. In the philosophy of Bhagavad-Gita, the Hinduism teachings are included in the form of Krishna’s teachings on Arjuna. Krishna taught Arjuna that the dead of that person is like taking the clothes off.