“An irrational society is a society of moral cowards—of men paralyzed by the loss of moral standards, principles, and goals. But since men have to act, so long as they live, such as a society is read to be taken over by anyone willing to set its direction. The initiative can come from only two types of men: either from the man who is willing to assume the responsibility of asserting rational values--- or from the thug who is not troubled by questions of responsibility.” Ayn Rand explains that in order to survive in an irrational society, you have to overcome the fear of moral judgement, and let that be your responsibility. In “Anthem”, Equality 7-2521 understand the evils of an irrational society—which is fear of moral judgement.
Priestley portrays his political views on equality through the character of Inspector Goole. He believed that everyone should be treated with impartiality despite their social status which expresses his theme of morality. Also, he conveys the message of socialism by making it seem more favorable than capitalism. Furthermore, the Inspector is presented as stern and authoritarian to create conflict within their family. This further leads to the characters offering a confession subconsciously to make them feel responsible for their immorality.
Although written and published in Victorian England where the culture revolves around societal constraints and restrictions of expressing sexual desires, Bram Stoker’s “Dracula” has many scenes that seem to revel in sexual language and sensual description, yielding indications of repressed lust and sexuality. Such sexual connotations are not directly expressed, but camouflaged by vampire attacks and the act of blood sucking. Rape, one of the erotic overtones recurring throughout the novel, illustrates how penetration and blood sucking function as an insinuation of sexual intercourse, at the same time revealing different expectations the Victorian society imposes upon women. Several rape scenes are disguised through the use of symbolism
Dracula Sucks While the image of vampires has become vastly distorted through the commercialization of the horror genre to a more comical and tacky depiction of a once-feared fictional monster, Stoker’s use of gothic elements in a Victorian environment, the masked theme of xenophobia that is weaved throughout the novel, as well as the combination of multiple different types of terror frightened Victorian readers and, in some parts, frightens us still today. According to Stephen King in Danse Macabre, there are “three types of terror”: the “gross-out”, comprised of gore and and blood; “horror”, or the supernatural fears like the undead and unnaturally large insects; and “terror”, which is the fear of strange happenings that are disturbing or unsettling without a known cause. (cite) Stoker mainly uses horror to incite fear in his readers over the course of Dracula; the novel’s plot is centered around the existence of a vampire disguised as a Transylvanian nobleman. Stoker also utilizes gross-outs often to adhere to the gothic theme of the
The essay I chose to compare Dracula with was “Kiss Me With Those Red Lips: Gender and Inversion in Bram Stoker’s Dracula” by Christopher Craft. The essay explains the sexuality in Dracula, desire, gender, and even homosexuality. Craft mentions his essay gives an account of Stoker’s “vampire metaphor” (Craft 108). He highlights certain and very valid points in the story of Dracula that breaks the Victorian gender role, writing, “a pivotal anxiety of late Victorian culture.” (Craft 108).
Sexual allegory is combined with victorian culture and violent monsters, a dichotomy of human instincts. Stoker also captures the constant battle between traditionalists and supporters of modernity. Stoker wraps up this thought experiment in the trappings of a horror novel in order to best show off the monsters he designed. With its ability to have inspired countless vampire progeny across literature and film, Dracula is a work that combines fantasy elements with relatable thematic struggles in a way that will allow it to live
Vampires and Spells Vampires are often accused of using “sorcery” or “spells”. They are known to have the ability to take people under their control. Call it what you please, but they do possess this ability. In the Bram Stoker novel, Dracula, it is often shown that Dracula has the power to capture people under his spell. Dracula takes Renfield, Lucy, and the wolves under his spell throughout the novel.
In “The Prince,” Machiavelli discusses the terms and procedures he believes a prince should take to govern his society. Many perceive his views on human nature and leadership as evil and cruel towards his people. He justifies his views on human nature as he draws examples from the tactics and traits of successful leaders from the past. His ideas are comprised from justifying the means of his actions by its ends. Machiavelli selects the aspects of admirable historical figures to produce and describe his ideal prince.
The disparity is evident. Equality 7-2521 is an individual who clings onto his own understanding and intellect. He may live in a society of collectivism and a demand for obedience, but he favors his values. Furthermore, he is a man of independence and of a preference for scientific research. The “science of things” is a fascination of his.
In Bram Stoker’s gothic novel, Dracula, the overall and fundamental theme of the book is given away the further you read, expressing Stoker’s view of religion. The novel is an account of the paths taken by many different characters such as Count Dracula, Van Helsing, Jonathan Harker, Mina Murray and Lucy Westenra. Since this poem was written with ideas focused primarily on the concepts of evil, as it was viewed during an appearingly-conservative nineteenth and twentieth century society, the book can be seen as a parallel to Eliot’s and others’ own religious quests. While Bram Stoker attempts to acquaint the reader with a frightening tale on the accounts of a dreadful vampire named Count Dracula, he also expresses the goal of strengthening
“There is reason that all things are as they are...” (Stoker 17). Outlasting countless other tales of its time, Bram Stoker’s lore of “Dracula” began as and still continues to be a classic, frightening novel and despite how some would classify it on only a single one end of the spectrum, it holds true elements of both literary and commercial fiction. He uses various techniques of writing, such as the epistolary plot structure and dramatic irony, and elements, including suspense, to present an unexpected, fear-inducing concept based on the xenophobic idea of the Victorian era.
“Fear can challenge our sense of humanity and understanding of the world” This is a broad statement and in a book with over 300 pages, I will be focusing on certain parts in each of the books. Proving that fear can and really does challenge our sense of humanity and understanding in the world, from the start of the book where they tried to make up a rational solution to make this all seem like it wasn’t real, to actively fight against the evil they had so vehemently protested against existing. Bram stokers 19th-century fictitious Gothic novel 'Dracula ' is incredibly complex with many different characters from the meek and underestimated Mina, to the courageous and respected Van Helsing.
It is the sinful ways of humans that distances them from an intimate relationship with God or each other. This is demonstrated by the stories of Adam and Eve in the book of Genesis (3:10, 3:16-17). Throughout Romans 1-8 Paul notes the sinful relationships which have been deemed appropriate to the community of Rome but against the laws of nature as spoken by
There was no shortage of terrible and violent deaths in the Elizabethan Era, which led to an increase in perceived hauntings and greater superstition regarding spirits. There were many scholarly texts written about ghosts during this time. King James I, in fact, was the author of many texts about ghosts. He went so far as to compile a list of the proper behaviors for when one was confronted by a ghost. Three variations of ghosts were recognized by the Elizabethans, “...the vision or purely subjective ghost, the authentic ghost who has died without
The novel, Dracula, recounts a "holy war" of good versus evil. There are characters in Dracula that are either good or evil. Who is good? Who is evil? As soon as the novel is opened, readers realize that there is probably a central person who is evil and a group of people that want to destroy Dracula in some way who are good.