Bryanna E. McCool Mrs. Dean British Literature 25 January 2018 Mental Illness in Shakespeare’s Macbeth The Tragedy of Macbeth by William Shakespeare, a play wrought with prophecies, deception, guilt, and death, brings light to the symptoms of mental illnesses and their effects on the human brain’s ability to reason, trust, and act in times of pressure. Both Macbeth and his lady are plagued by mental illness, and the effects of their illness only grow as the play evolves. Macbeth’s symptoms of schizophrenia and anxiety, as well as Lady Macbeth’s anxiety as well as hallucinations that eventually push her to suicide prove that not only can mental illness alter the way a person sees a situation, but it can also drive them to harm others and themselves.
There are many people in the world that experience mental problems and therefore affecting their personality. Not everyone though is as bad as Macbeth when it comes to mental deterioration. Macbeth is a very self-centered man and it leads him to change the person he once was. Although it is not seen much in the beginning of Shakespeare's play “The Tragedy of Macbeth”, Macbeth’s mental state deteriorates as the play progresses, which can be seen when he is guilty of murdering King Duncan, being taunted by the ghost of Banquo, and his speech to the witches.
Based on my observations of Macbeth, the diagnosis for Macbeth going insane is Early Psychosis And Psychosis. The reason why I diagnose Macbeth with Early Psychosis And Psychosis because he has all the symptoms of the mental illness. One of the symptoms of Early Psychosis And Psychosis is Persistent, unusual thoughts or beliefs that can’t be set aside regardless of what others believe (NAMI). Macbeth has thoughts about
She is evil because she prays for spirits to give her the strength to turn emotionless. Lady Macbeth could be seen as truly evil for asking the spirits to fill her up with cruelty. However, by the end of the play, she is so consumed with guilt from her actions, that she kills herself. As Malcolm informed the crowd, “Fiendish queen, who took her own life,”(V,vii, 205). By the end of the play, Lady Macbeth felt guilty about her role in the murders.
Continuously, the caesura in ‘fie, my lord, fie, a soldier, and afeard?’ builds up an ominous and dramatic effect towards the audiences. So, the prose by Lady Macbeth conveys the theme as she deceives herself to see the ‘spot’ which signifies her guilty and fear. Coming back to the main, we can say that Shakespeare uses the structure to remind deception Secondly, Shakespeare explores dramatic techniques including soliloquies, dramatic irony and the stage directions to convey deception to the audiences.
In the play Macbeth by William Shakespeare, guilt can punish people even if they are not caught, which is illustrated with the downfall of the Macbeths. Shortly after killing Banquo, Macbeth starts to hallucinate and says “Hence, horrible shadow! Unreal mockery, hence”(3.4.128-129). This quote shows that Macbeth feels guilt while he is imagining Banquo’s ghost.
When a banquet is thrown for Macbeth a ghost of Duncan appears and startles the murderer. Also creating a memorable scene based on loud ambiance sounds in the film accompanied by an insane Macbeth, screaming, projecting his thoughts. The film and written texts of Macbeth both demonstrate ways of which enhances how Macbeth commits to his own downfall. The film’s emphasis on a close up shot on Macbeth really captures how he regrets certain decisions made throughout.
As the play continues the image of blood haunts the characters so strongly it ultimately consumes their thoughts. Macbeth reveals the horror of the hallucinations his guilt has caused him when he states, “And on thy blade and dudgeon the gouts of blood/ which was not so before. There’s no such thing” (2.1.46-47). This statement reveals how Macbeth’s guilty conscience is causing him to see images that are not real. By Act V, Lady Macbeth’s guilt ultimately drives her mad, foreshadowing her death.
Once the mind is corrupt from one wrong thing, it is more susceptible to another wrong doing. Macbeth kills Duncan and then Banquo along with his children. He is corrupt and will continue to make wrong doings. The last example is being a witness. Lady Macbeth is irrational at night time.
Schizophrenia: one of many types of mental illnesses that is able to stretch and mold one’s inner mind and emotions to monstrous proportions. Imagine the person that holds your affection the most, a spouse, a family member, a close friend, anyone, now imagine that person writhing with anger to an extreme extent within the confines of their own mind. Behavior such as that of schizophrenia is what columnist Steve Lopez tries to describe in his novel, The Soloist. And the character of the mentally ill Nathaniel Ayers, for instance, is not only the main reflection for Lopez’s interaction with a schizophrenic mind, but is only a part of what the novel has to deliver to the reader. In a brief summary, the entire novel consists of Steve Lopez: columnist
Finally, Macbeth 's greediness and committing murder drives him to experience guilt and causes his mental decline. To begin, when he decides to kill Duncan, Macbeth hallucinates and questions “is this a dagger I see before me” (Shakespeare II.i.33). Even before this murderous act, Macbeth is shown to be affected mentally at the thought of killing. After stabbing King Duncan, he starts hearing strange voices in his mind “[he] hears a crying voice, sleep no more”(Shakespeare II.ii.32-33) suggesting that already regrets the murder. Macbeth considers himself a sinner,“Will all great Neptune’s ocean wash...”(II.ii.58-59) and the inability to say “ Amen...”(Shakespeare II.II.24).
In today’s society, sometimes one's ambition and focus on work, can come in the way of what is really important in their life, as shown in William Shakespeare's, Macbeth. In the play Macbeth, it is evident that throughout the novel, Macbeth becomes a character consumed by mental deterioration. Macbeth suffers severe mental deterioration over the course of the play because he focuses all of his energy on his pursuit for power, that he loses sight of what should truly matter to him. This can be proven through his betrayal of friendships, his uncaring attitude towards his reputation, and his neglection in his marriage.
In Macbeth by William Shakespeare, the character Macbeth is enlightened of a prophecy stating that he, the current Thane of Glamis and Cawdor, is to become the next king of Scotland. He conspires against the current king, Duncan, in order to allow himself to ascend to the Scottish throne in a timelier manner, and Duncan soon comes to a bloody demise while soundly asleep in Macbeth’s own castle. In this Shakespearian play, Macbeth murders Duncan in cold blood while under the spell of disorienting prophecies, selfish ambitions, and mental instability. Macbeth’s murderous intents first begin when the weird sisters tell him of a prophecy stating that he will be king. However, in order for that to be true, the current king, Duncan, would need
Post traumatic stress disorder more commonly known as PTSD. According to the http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/PTSD-overview/basics/what-is-ptsd.asp PTSD is a disorder that tends to occur when someone doesn’t recover from a traumatic event such as war, rape, abuse. Along with the disorder a series of symptoms come such as agitation, irritability, hostility, hypervigilance, self-destructive behavior, or social isolation, as well as other symptoms. Throughout the play we see a string of characters that present with possibility of having PTSD no more than our main character Macbeth. Macbeth weakened through war and an abusive wife caused him to suffer from PTSD.