To be recognized is to have someone see one as he or she desires to be seen. Throughout the novel, the narrator struggles with the inevitability of misrecognition from characters, and thus struggles to form his identity. Ellison arranges the development of the narrator to incorporate the dialectical balance between an individual and a community when illustrating the narrator's cultural background, his thoughts of hibernation, and the counseling of certain characters along his search for identity. Cultural origin is a
Multiple narrators A writer may choose to let several narrators tell the story from different points of view. Then it is up to the reader to decide which narrator seems most reliable for each part of the story. It may refer to the style of the writer in which he/she expresses the paragraph written. See for instance the works of Louise Erdrich. William Faulkner 's As I Lay Dying is a prime example of the use of multiple narrators.
When reading a fiction, not only the plot, but also the narrator and the point of view are important to readers in order to understand the story. Stories can be told in a various angle of vision or in one perspective, depending on which person point of view. “A story is said to be from a character’s point of view, or a character is said to be a focal or focalizing character” (Norton, 174). Readers sometimes feel they are overhearing the narrator’s thoughts because they follow along the narrator’s thoughts, actions, and feelings. Both Sonny’s Blues and the Yellow paper use first person narration.
265] and to the stratification of discourses in a narrative. Bakhtin’s theory considers that the meaning in a polyphonic novel is generated through the layering of the multiple perspectives of characters and thus through the juxtaposition of several ideologies and belief-systems unlike the ‘homophonic’ or monologic novel that delivers a narrative from a single point of view. Dialogism on the other hand consists of the functioning of polyphony. In other words, it means the interaction of the multiple voices and perspectives in a text and their mutual influence on one another.
In Bartleby the Scrivener, Herman Melville uses direct and indirect characterization to give a more powerful meaning to the characters and dialogue of the short story. Melville also uses appearances and names to get his descriptions across. In the story the narrator plays a key role in which he is not just the narrator but also a character. The narrator tells the story through indirect characterization. With indirect characterization it means the story is told while leaving out clear cut details.
Third, they differs on the choice of settings and how it impact to the stories.And lastly, they differ in style of writing and plot development. First, the two authors differ in character development. This element is essential since it provides the reader an implicit or explicit descriptions of all the characters.
It is with the point of view that an author can guide the reader through various events and create an overall theme of a story. Differences in narration can greatly affect how a reader experiences literature. For the most part, there are two types of narration in stories: first person and third person. A second-person point of view exists but is very rare. Authors that use a second-person point of view make the reader one of the characters, thus including the reader in the story.
Most of elements in the story, the context of story, the characters’ personality and the features of objects have their own respective symbolic meanings. This research paper analyzes some specific usage of symbolism in the fiction, describes how they function to promote the development of whole content, and illustrates how they sharpen what Francis wants to express through out the story. In the first place, the context of “The Great Gatsby” refers to the location and culture of
In both Rive’s The Dagga-smoker’s Dream and Gqola’s Clarity of a Third Class Compartment the narrative perspectives have a significant effect on the reader’s interpretation and experience of their stories. This effect will be explored by comparing and contrasting the events in these stories and how the narrative perspective influenced how they are understood. Narrative perspective can also be called focalisation as it is concerned with the question of who is seeing or perceiving (Grunbaum 3). In Rive’s story the narrator is a man, Karel, an active participator in the story while in Gqola’s story the narrator is an unnamed woman who never truly acts out. The difference in gender of the characters as well as their roles in the stories’ plot
In Graham Greene’s novel, The End of the Affair, he was able to illustrate the story of Maurice Bendrix and Sarah Miles’ affair through various perspectives. Greene started with Bendrix, then in Book Three he changed the narrator to Sarah’s point of view. Overall, Greene was able to create this novel using nonlinear narration and unreliable narration. In the novel, the use of nonlinear narration helps the reader understand the story better. The readers get a better feel for what the affair was like because of the way the narrator flashes back to that time.