Theme Of Outcasts In To Kill A Mockingbird

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People often hesitate to make changes from the fear of being looked upon differently. In To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, the character of Atticus is a white male who is a lawyer by profession. He is assigned to defend an innocent black man in a rape trial, but he faces disapproval from the society and challenges to overcoming racism, and to keep his children from its negative influence. The main theme in To Kill a Mockingbird is that outcasts like Atticus and Scout try to make changes in the society even though it is unlikely for them to overcome the odds and succeed. Atticus Finch is an outcast in the society because he is doing what he believed in, by defending a black man in a society pervaded with racism. When Scout asks why…show more content…
After hearing Scouts disastrous first day of school, Atticus gives Scout a piece of advice, saying: “ You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view [...] until you climb into his skin and walk around it” (39). Atticus is trying to say that a person will not understand another person unless he or she considers things from the other person 's perspective. This is an important lesson that Scout learns from her father. Scout is able to put this into good use. And we see this when the lynch mob is in front of Tom’s cell and Scout says to Atticus that: “I was just sayin’ to Mr. Cunningham that entailments are bad an’all that, but you said not to worry,it takes a long time sometimes...that you all’d ride it out together” (206). Scout is reminding Mr. Cunningham that Atticus can help him with his legal affairs. Scout is only 9 years old and she became successful in sending a lynch mob back.Scout is able to think like Mr. Cunningham. She is able to remind him that he is an individual even though now he is a part of a mob. Atticus’ advice has helped Scout understand the situation better and make a…show more content…
In conclusion, the main theme of To Kill a Mockingbird is that anyone can make changes if the persons believe that he/she is making the right decision and makes an effort to make it happen.Atticus is outcasted for trying to make a change that he believes to be the right one. He gives his reasons for believing, that he made the right decision. He wants his children to look at things in a different perspective and, stay away from the influence of racism. He shows his worry when he talks to Jack. Atticus becomes successful in influencing his children’s thoughts and we can see this through Scout when she sends the lynch mob back. She thinks like Mr. Cunningham and makes him realize that he is an individual. This is a very interesting and strong topic and Harper Lee includes this theme in the novel for two reasons. The first reason is that she wants her readers to understand how devastating the effects of racism were in the 1930s. The second reason why she includes this theme in the book is because she wants her readers to get inspired and make a change without any
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