Sartre brings up a lot of different topics in his writing, but they all relate to the main idea of existentialism. Existentialism is that it is up to us to find our purpose or our essence by being authentic to our own nature. Existentialism says that existence precedes essence, so we are born first and it is up to us to find our purpose in the world. Self-deception and psychoanalysis is the ability to lie oneself and to others to create positive reinforcement to oneself. Sartre also writes about being-in-the-world and taking up a role that affects our freedom.
The two types of reasoning can be influenced by emotion in a different manner because of their different process to yield a conclusion. I will be exploring how emotions can influence good reasoning through areas of knowledge such as ethics and history. For example, in ethics, we always struggle to make moral decisions and we try to achieve the best decision with a good reasoning. During the process of decision making through reasoning, emotions can be both beneficial and harmful. For instance, I used to be against the idea of abortion, because I felt that every human being has a right to live.
Many have debated about the psychological aspect of what makes us human. Some say that human nature and the mind can be influenced by the world around us. Whether it be physical or social influences in our environment, they both play a role in the development of our thoughts, actions, and emotions. People, like Nicholas Carr and John Locke, have put thought into what they believe is their point of view of the mind. Both Carr and Locke share a similar idea of the mind which is that experiences are the foundations of the mind.
Cognitive restructuring is a core concept of CBT , which is defined as the process of identifying core maladaptive beliefs and correcting them by generating more adaptive alternative modes of thinking (Clark and Beck, 2010; Holtforth et al., 2006 This component of CBT is seen as very important as often our thinking in relation to environment or situations can lead on to quite distressing emotions, physical feelings and behaviour which is in keeping with these feelings. Research journals have noted however that despite the absence of cognitive restructuring in BA that Cognitive changes were evident following a successful course of BA. (Jacobson et al
His method of gaining knowledge was simply to start from the bottom and work his way up. Descartes, also, emphasized the fact that human beings often make mistakes in their beliefs. Additionally, Descartes mainly used deduction to get to his answers, which could increase validity. The way Descartes created questions, building up his knowledge from scratch and doubting everything that was previously said and done, can arguably be considered as neutral. However, as a counterargument, his intent could be considered to not be neutral, as he clearly makes a statement on how knowledge should be perceived; based on sense perception and reasoning as ways of knowing only, and his way of leading a discussion, with language as a way of knowing might influence the public.
However, even though these are two opposing philosophies, with very different ideas governing their conclusions, we should look to learn from both and apply the knowledge we identify with, thus creating our own philosophies. In this essay I wish to do exactly that; to compare and contrast these two ideologies in order to better understand them and help others do the same. First we must understand what is Deontology. The word deontology when broken down to its roots literally means, the study of the nature of duty and obligation. Just the word alone is a great summary of what this philosophy deals with.
Build compelling reasons why that habit needs to stop. This is the time to do away with the denial of how this is affecting the quality of your life. Start with noting in detail all the actions, emotions and thoughts that typically cycle around this habit. Gather enough insight here so you can ask yourself, "What must I believe for me to think, feel and act this way?" If you do this correctly, you should be able to list several beliefs that are the reasons why you would think, feel and act that way.
It is evident that if I believe in something specific then I’d behave or carry out an action in a certain way. This personal value system guides me to determine what is important t me. If you have a personal value system then it would also shape who and what you are, this system would allow you to act in certain ways as well. Without value one can make hasty and rash decisions without thinking it through (www.essentiallifeskills.net). Making these impulsive decisions could in turn have dire consequences.
Whereas G.Lakomski & W.Evers (2010.) argues that indecision making emotions play a central role in rational decision making as per the new research findings in neuroanatomical of emotion, which makes the classical theories of rationality as well as the Herbert Simon's modified model of satisficing which sharply demarcates emotions and take them away from the process of rational decision making needs a review and revision. As the emotions are an integral part of the human behavior and even while humans try to base their decisions on rationality it is still need to be justified by emotional needs towards it, so can connect to the product and get the maximum satisfaction from
It is evident that if I believe in something specific then I’d behave or carry out an action in a certain way. This personal value system guides me to determine what is important to me. If you have a personal value system, then it would also shape who and what you are, this system would allow you to act in certain ways as well. Without value one can make hasty and rash decisions without thinking it through (www.essentiallifeskills.net). Making these impulsive decisions could in turn have dire consequences.