Lastly, gods and goddesses are to protect their people and stand by them while mortals are supposed to worship and stay faithful to them. Athene and Odysseus both followed the rules of loyalty expected of them and received rewards in return. The roles and relationships individuals are in affect the rules and expectations of loyalty each is responsible
1st paragraph- Mahatma Gandhi once said: “Anger is the enemy of non-violence and pride is a monster that swallows it up.” Pride is seen by many as a weakness but pride is what encourages many to prove themselves. Odysseus’ major flaw is believing he is greater than any other human, sometimes even the gods. Odysseus demonstrates this weakness when he encounters the Cyclops and enrages him by trespassing into the one-eyed beast's cave. When Odysseus finally escapes he yelled his name to the Cyclops, out of pride, when he could have used a decoy name. Zeus decides to teach Odysseus a lesson for hurting his son and provides many obstacles for Odysseus on his journey home.
The citizens of Pylos sacrificed a total of 81 bulls because they don’t want the gods to smote them but also because they believe that despite the ‘god’s mistakes’, they still know what’s best for humanity. Randomly scattered throughout the text, epithets show the powers the gods have compared to mortals; for example, ______________people in ancient Greece lived in fear that any beggar could be a god or goddess in disguise, forcing them to act kindly at all times. The Greeks valued hospitality highly because of this. The mutually beneficial relationship between gods and humanity both bolstered Odysseus’ passage home. One quote that shows this is -----’’-’-’’________Without Zeus Athena and the other gods, Odysseus would never have left Kalypso’s island or made it back to Ithaka alive.
Penelope and Odysseus are two constant spouses who have shown their devotion multiple times with Penelope’s weaving plan in order to keep rejecting suitors and Odysseus being true to his heart to Penelope even with many obstacles that stood in his path. Their faithfulness conveys that if a person is loyal, they will be rewarded since they were reunited eventually. On the other hand, Odysseus crew mates and maids deceit and disloyalty resulted to their death and punishment. Overall, the main message is that when people are faithful to one another, their actions will reap rewards, whereas, those those who are untrue will be
The importance of respect is represented through each character of The Odyssey. Respect through hospitality, is shown through every character in The Odyssey that has a home. Each time a guest comes to visit a house, good hospitality is expected of the host. Since the gods visit people, sometimes disguised as mortal men or women, it is common for the host to be polite to any visitor, in fear of disrespecting a god. Respect is also shown through the family by loyalty to each other.
This shows an act of foolishness as leader because he did not notify his men of the dangerous obstacle coming towards him, but just keeps put to leave his men to fend for themselves. An example of Odysseus’ arrogance is when Odysseus brags to Cyclops and yells out, “O Cyclops! Would you feast on my companions? Puny am I, in a Caveman’s hands? How do you like the beating that we gave you…” (L. 390-392).
He used it to outsmart many of the characters, which is most likely why he made it home after the many obstacles he faced. At the Cyclops Island when Odysseus and the 12 chosen men talk to The Cyclops, they can tell he is no good. When the Cyclops asks where their ship is, Odysseus tells him it has been wrecked so the Cyclops doesn’t try to wreck it himself or take his men. Odysseus tells Cyclops, “My ship? / Poseidon Lord, who sets the earth a-tremble, / broke it up on the rocks at your land’s end” (9.
Odysseus created an escape plan when he and his men got trapped inside the cave of a deadly Cyclops who had already eaten two of his men. Odysseus kept his cool and devised a plan to hide under the sheep of the Cyclops who were let out of the cave every morning.These actions had an effect on his men, filling them with respect. These are the kinds of actions that make Odysseus an epic hero. The faults of a person may also contribute to them becoming an epic hero. Odysseus’s large ego is one of his faults.
To Respect or to be a Kiss Up “Treat others the way you want to be treated.” We’ve all heard that overused phrase growing up. The same goes for me as well, and to me, respect has been a huge part of my culture and many other Asian cultures. Respect is the root of what makes people who they are today. It shows that you admire them, that you care for them, or possibly even fear them. For example, in The Odyssey, Odysseus and many others show their respect to the gods.
Spiritual warriors are balanced - grounded and firm. They never tire because they never get wounded. Unlike the other warrior, this one smiles in the face of uncertainty! The spiritual warrior walks with a pride and confidence - even before he begins, he knows victory is guaranteed. No task is too great or prodigious because he has cultivated such inner self-respect and a big open heart that is willing and generous.
Hera is the goddess of marriage and childbirth. Hera is a very compassionate, caring, and smart goddess. Hera already has experience of ruling over Mt. Olympus ever since she is Zeus wife and his right hand goddess. Hera is a devoted god and gets whatever she wants.