This creates a bit of confusion, because it is unclear whether Hamlet is cautious or merely indecisive. Laertes is clearly confident in himself, and benefits from the constant encouragement from Claudius. It is said that “Laertes’ character becomes …. more evil as the play progresses” (McGee 156),because he consistently takes action. According to Arthur McGee, “like Polonius, he [Laertes] condones the incestuous marriage” (McGee 153), which is another difference between Laertes and Hamlet.
Lear, in Monmouth’s work, laments the lack of a male heir and in admission of age, resolves to divide his kingdom amongst his daughters: Goneril, Regan and Cordelia. When his youngest and most beloved Cordelia fails to please him, however, Lear promptly banishes her in rage. Similarly, Shakespeare’s King Lear depicts an identical scene in which Lear furiously declares “Here I disclaim all my paternal care” (1.1.125). Lear’s decision to disown Cordelia in haste exhibits lack of patience and foresight. The significant resemblance between the two works provide insight of Lear’s inability to consider, which eventually leads to his downfall.
(Hamlet: I. ii). Shakespeare focuses primarily on the relationship between Lear, and the aged king and his daughters. Lear’s wish is to split his kingdom between his three daughters – after being assured of how much they love him. Shakespeare wanted to show the struggle between goodness and evil, inside of human and how evil changed man to behave bestially. Shakespeare’s King Lear, at the end, fulfil revenge, indeed, Lear divided his realm between two daughters instead three daughters because he followed flattery his two daughters.
To Claudius she gives flowers that represent flattery and no faith in marriage. They were both given to Claudius because of his incestuous marriage and betrayal. Ophelia gives daisies to both King Claudius and Queen Gertrude representing deceit and lies, because they both betrayed King Hamlet, lied to the public. Horatio receives violets which represent faith. Horatio is the only person Hamlet still trusts and has faith in as well as Ophelia
Eager for land and power, Goneril and Regan try to do outdo each other in proving their love for Lear through empty declarations of love. On the contrary, Cordelia sees through the meaninglessness of speech and says nothing about her love. Infuriated, the King disowns Cordelia and divides his kingdom between his two remaining daughters who soon plots to kill him. Meanwhile, Gloucester keeps on demeaning his illegitimate son, Edmund, in public. Vengeful,
Twelfth Night surrounds itself with stories of love, but not all of them end with positive outcomes. The definition of tragedy written by Oxford Dictionary as: “A play dealing with tragic events and having an unhappy ending” (Oxford Dictionaries), and of comedy as: “A film, play, or broadcast programme intended to make an audience laugh.” (Oxford Dictionary), helps to differentiate between these different outcomes of love, some as tragic and others as positive or comedic. Keeping these definitions in mind will help to further develop the lack of comedy and presence of tragedy that surrounds the sub plot concerning Malvolio. Nancy Lindheim continues to broaden the themes produced in Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night. Lindheim’s Rethinking Sexuality and Class in Twelfth Night, notes that “critics of course usually recognize that marriage is the desired closure for comedy”, (Lindheim, 680).
After that Hamlet gets frightened of the idea of death and it propels Hamlet’s realization that death eliminated the difference between people, more over Hamlet’s only thoughts about death that it is agony for lower classes people but when it comes to the royal family like him the king and his family walk straight into heaven without any judgment unlike the regular people. There is also the theme of Madness which plays a significant role in Hamlet. Throughout the play Hamlet pretends to be mad in front of people to deceive them into thinking that he is harmless while probing his father’s death and involvement of his uncle Claudius. In (act 2 scene 2) the bumbling Polonius says “though this be madness, yet there is method in it”. The assertion of Polonius is right and wrong at the same time, because Polonius believes that Hamlet acts mad as he is in love with “Ophelia”, but Hamlet’s behavior became more erratic, because his mad acting cause him to lose his grip on reality.
In both plays, the most prominent overarching theme is “appearances versus reality.” Both protagonists attempt to utilize deception for their own personal gain, and it leaves the reader to wonder what can be trusted. In life, humans often face similar problems, as most people put on masks for the world while hiding their true intentions and personalities. Another idea is also referenced in these plays, as Macbeth’s dying speech contains the phrase: “Life’s but a walking shadow, a poor player/ That struts and frets his hour upon the stage/ And then is heard no more” (V, v, 24-26). The main idea of Macbeth’s quote is extremely melancholy, as he arrives at the conclusion that life is a tale that signifies absolutely nothing. This statement, though it may be hard for humans to accept, is a beacon of Truth.
Lear's decision to divide his kingdom is dependant only on the level of flattery his daughters show before him. Due to the lack of flaunting Cordelia displays, Lear banishes her as he proclaims, "... for we/ Have no such daughter, nor shall ever see/ That face of her again. Therefore be gone/ Without our grace, our love, our benison" (I.I.265-267). Lear is easily mislead by the false praise his two eldest daughters, Goneril and Regan, give him and is unable to see Cordelia's true loyalty. In the intensity of his wrath, Lear feels that what he is doing is right though in actuality, he fails to see that his ignorance has brought him to powerless position.