Poe believes that stories that dealt with gothic literature needed to have allegories in them to have a second level of meaning in addition to it’s literal meaning. Theses types of elements were popular in this time period because they taught moral lessons and contributed to the dark feeling a person undergoes when finding the true meaning of not only the story, but are able to personally understand the true feeling the author is trying to make individuals feel. In “The Tale and Its Effect”, Poe stated that he used and supported unity of effect to go about discussing the themes he embedded within his stories in order to make the reader to feel a certain way. He believes that they need to be short and sweet so that the author can get all the details to the reader. Poe exclaims that short stories are superior to novels because one is able to sit down and finish it in one-sitting rather than breaking the experience, with the possibility of forgetting important elements.
In addition, Bierce carefully describes the protagonist to make a connections to the readers. This connection allows the author to include stabbing imagery that has a hard impact on his audience. Ambrose Bierce produced a story full of imagery that evokes senses, includes significant meaning, and creates a heartfelt
James Joyce is known for using symbolism in his works: In “The Dead” and “Portrait of the artist as a young man” he uses themes which refer to Irish history, Greek mythology, etc. To begin, both of these texts are” Modernist” in nature and the text distinguisher is the fact that the text begins in the middle; (in medias res). Both the texts have a third person limited approach as they have one focalizer and the text peeps through one person’s thoughts, perceptions and feelings. This is done through the help of Stream of consciousness which moves in and out of the person’s head. Music plays an effective role in highlighting the mood of the story.
The function of biographical approach Literary works can be viewed as a reflection of the social background and personal experience at a particular time. Authors present their practice and express opinions in an artistic manner. According to Professor Kelley (177), biographical approach is a method employed to understand a literary work by studying the details of the author’s life, including education, work, relationship, and death. It implies that the world, the author, the work are closely related. As a result of this, understanding biography plays an important role in grasping deeper or mundane meaning of the context.
These emotions are presented through Yann Martel’s use of emotive sentences and choice of diction to show the different feelings Pi experiences. Through this text, imagination is shown to have a close relationship with fiction to recreate the scene and help readers understand the emotions and thought processes of the characters. (230) Empathic Response Richard Parker. My greatest friend
Identification, Symbolism, Integration: An Analysis of the Role of Objects in Clarissa In Clarissa (1748), Samuel Richardson deliberately and carefully chooses which objects to present in the story. In general, the frequently presented objects are directly or implicitly relating to social hierarchies, cultural background, and gender roles embedded in the story; indicating characters’ preferences, tastes, dispositions, as well as part of their self-identities. Objects in the novel create either connections or obstacles among different characters. Often times, objects serve as symbolic icons that reveal deeper critiques that go beyond the surface level. Among all the objects, clothes, doors, keys, and the coffin stand out to be the most symbolic ones that play crucial roles in the storyline.
Authors use the literary techniques of minor characters to help develop the main character’s actions and how they are portrayed at the beginning and at the end of the story. Minor characters can also be used to construct the conflicts in the story that affect the main character therefore finding a solution to solve the conflict . Balzac is about two boys being reeducated.
In George Saunders’ essay from The Guardian, he states, “We often think that the empathetic function in fiction is accomplished via the writer’s relation to his characters, but it’s also accomplished via the writer’s relation to his reader” (The Guardian). In Kurt Vonnegut’s story “Harrison Bergeron”, we can see this idea shown through the reader’s connection with Harrison. Vonnegut uses the main character of the story, Harrison Bergeron, as a symbol of empathy by allowing the reader to relate to his desire for individuality. At first glance in a story like “Harrison Bergeron”, it may seem difficult for a reader to connect to any of the characters. All of these characters “weren 't only equal before God and the law.
2. 3 The importance of Freudian approach in literature There are certain psychoanalytic concepts expressed by Sigmund Freud that can be applied to interpret literary texts. Most of the literary texts, like dreams, articulate the secret unconscious desires and concerns of the author, that a literary work is expression of the author’s own neuroses. One may psychoanalyze a particular character within a literary work, but it is usually assumed that all such characters are outcrops of the author’s psyche. The interesting side of this approach is that it confirms the importance of literature, as it is built on a literary key for the making out.
Through the work of the author, the thoughts of the collective unconscious which are in the form of archetypes are showcased. 3. However, it cannot be denied that in the backgrounds and utmost inference of the writer’s works his personal psychology may possibly be drawn. D. Although archetypal analysis might not be the most appropriate method to conduct such an undertaking, Jung’s analytical psychology would prove Rotor’s aim is to justify life through his short stories. II.