Theoretial Theory Of Food Insecurity

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Theoretical Perspective and Related Studies
Several theories have been offered to summarize and explain the relationship between food insecurity and subjective evaluation of well-being. Based on the degree of empirical support, the econometric models and the risk and protective factor theory will be some of the theories that will be used in explaining the determinants of food insecurity and its association with psychological wellbeing of pregnant women.

The econometric model (Pearl, 2000) specifies the relationship that exists between the various economic quantities pertaining to a particular economic phenomenon such as the purchase of food. The econometric theory proffers that monthly spending by consumers is linearly dependent on their income in the previous month. This means that the extent to which pregnant mothers can purchase enough food to meet their needs and their dependents’ will be subject to their household income (Pearl, 2000).

Risk and protective factors will also be used to explain the factors associated with food insecurity. Risk factors are either background characteristics or life events that may have a negative impact on the pregnant women. Some risk factors include lower socio-economic status, low social support and food insecurity. Protective factors are characteristics and events that positively influence pregnant women and help limit the impact of risk factors. Examples of protective factors are high socio-economic status, higher social support and

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