Theoretic Theories In International Relations

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As in many other areas, there are competing theories and theoretic approaches in the field of international relations. Realism which emphasizes state-centric view1 and has conflictual/ competitive tendencies, idealism and liberalism which focuses on cooperation and mutual understanding is only some of them which will be also discussed in this essay. For many academicians and theorists, the driving force is ensuring a more stable and peaceful world order, but they brought out different suggestions. Both before and after World War II, the necessity of intergovernmental organizations in order to establish a cooperative international system, became one of the main subject of debates. I will proceed by analyzing the arguments of David Mitrany’s…show more content…
This is grounded in the main objective of functionalism idea which is attaining functional cooperation through international organizations. The purpose of these organizations is resolving practical and technical problems instead of problems related to military and politics. Since these issues are harder to overcome in complex political conditions, international organizations provide an environment to handle them in a non-political context which in the end would help to establish international peace. Mitrany argued that a world community was a prerequisite for world government. (Alexandrescu, M. 2007: 23) Hence, one can conclude that the reason behind the rivalry of the states is result of international…show more content…
1948: 351) He approaches them in terms of their practicality hence, beside the advantages he considers federalism as inappropriate because of its rigidities; geographical, ideological and own structure. (Mitrany, D. 1948: 353) According to him, idea of federalism forms new kind of nationalism rather than new internationalism. When the structure and binding rules of federalism is taken into account, Mitrany is quite convincing. Because even in old established federations, there is possibility that collective works were hindered instead of being broadened by modifying federal arrangements. The degree of power is prevented from deliberate change in periods of crisis and therefore, rather than federalism, functional arrangements makes new internationalism possible. The order starts with simple problems, generally with technical issues and states “bind together those interests which are common, where they are common, and to the extent to which they are common.” (Luard, E. 2016:501) The cooperation launched by non-political issues, eventually evolves into cooperation in political affairs. This is very deterministic approach of functionalism. Therefore, I would follow more realistic

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