Theoretical Analysis Of Orem's Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory

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Theoretical Analysis of Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory
Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory, Part II Dorothea Orem’s Self Care Deficit Nursing Theory (SCDNT) published in 1971 has been studied by numerous nursing students and continues to be used as a base for nursing care today (McEwen & Wills, 2014). Are concepts theoretically and operationally defined? As SCDNT is described as a conceptual model, there are many concepts, however, according to Smith and Parker (2105) there are six main concepts, four being patient related and two nursing related along with a peripheral concept that connects with all the concepts. The first patient related concept of self-care is defined as a purposeful action to maintain life, while the second concept of self-care agent is defined as the person receiving care (McEwen & Wills, 2014). The agent can be further defined as the patient, a family member delivering care or the nurse (Smith & Parker, 2015). Therapeutic self-care demand is outlined as the nurse delivering care due to the patient’s inability to provide their own therapeutic care (McEwen & Wills, 2014). The final patient related concept, self-care deficit, relates to the inability to provide self-care (Taylor & Renpenning, 2011). The two concepts related to nursing are described as nursing systems, which becomes necessary when the patients’ needs exceed that which can be managed by self–care making nursing required (McEwen & Wills, 2014).Nursing agency is comparable to
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