Importance Of Leadership To Modern Management

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Modern management pays great attention to leadership in business organization. Leadership concept derives from the word lead. The term leadership is associated with the behavior of the head, directing subordinates to unite efforts and ability to achieve goals and objectives. In literature leadership is seen in two aspects. In a broad sense, leadership is a process of non-coercive influence on group activity aimed at achieving specific group goals. In a narrow sense, leadership is seen as distinctive quality as a set of characteristics of the person who carries out the impact on the group.
It is wrong leadership to be limited to personal qualities, motivation or ideology. Above all, it is associated with the system of relationships in the
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They use the purpose to provoke a change in the attitudes of subordinates while managers do not perceive objectives as a means of achieving change, but as a necessity. Managers communicate with others in their role as leaders are more concerned with ideas and build relationships with people in a more intuitive and expressive way. Attention is directed to managers how to carry out the activities. Attention is directed to the leaders of the meaning of things and the decisions of the participants. Theoretical approaches to the study of leadership Leadership has long been considered in two aspects: as a process and as a property. Only in recent years it was seen as a process and as a property simultaneously. This raises the examination in three directions:
1. Property-leadership is a set of characteristics possessed by those who exercise successfully influence.
2. Process directly influence and coordinate the actions of the group to achieve its goal.
3. Process and as a property-leadership is directly and naturally influence the persons who have the relevant skills to achieve a certain goal.
With the development of science these trends are reflected in different approaches to leadership.

Approach to personality
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Under this approach, effective management is not determined by the personal qualities of the head, and from his behavior and attitude towards subordinates. This approach endorsed the concept that leaders are not born but are built. Leadership behavior can be developed and improved through training and gaining practical experience. This approach creates the basis for the classification of leadership styles (styles of behavior of the leader). The style of leadership is seen as an overall relatively stable system of tools and methods for impact, which has internal unity and ensures effective implementation of corporate strategy and policy. Mason Carpenter, Talya Bauer, and Berrin Erdogan (n.d) Classification classic styles of leadership differentiates three basic styles:

Authoritarian style In authoritarian management focuses primarily on the performance of the work and concern for subordinates is limited. The responsibilities of the leader are limited to tasks of planning, guidance and supervision of subordinates. For him, inherent desire to centralize powers, independently of decisions coercion rather than incentive to perform specific tasks. Negatively affect the microclimate, suppresses initiative creates distrust, tension and turnover of staff. . Annick M. Brennen (2002)

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